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Notes 4 - 17th C. Remaking of France

by: Allison Lock

Notes 4 - 17th C. Remaking of France ARCH 143

Marketplace > Drexel University > Architecture > ARCH 143 > Notes 4 17th C Remaking of France
Allison Lock
GPA 3.4
Architecture and Society III
Paula Spilner

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About this Document

Notes on the remaking of France as discussed in class. Good for main ideas and essay exam questions.
Architecture and Society III
Paula Spilner
Class Notes
ARCH 143
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison Lock on Saturday October 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 143 at Drexel University taught by Paula Spilner in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Architecture and Society III in Architecture at Drexel University.

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Date Created: 10/24/15
Royal Power Remakes the City of Paris in the 17th Century King Henry IV married to Maria de Medici decides to settle the capitol of France in Paris which was a city that had not been modernized a He is the patron of the Pont Neuf or new bridge which connects the east and west halves of Paris His wife donated a statue of him which is located by the bridge Henry then developed the area in front of the bridge which the Place Dauphine which was a series of townhomes Henry designed the apartment complex and then contracted he project out The general shape directs ones sight to the statue of Henry IV across the bridge The homes were not incredibly expensive as they were constructed of bricks with quoin decorations on the corners and a Roman arcade on the rst oor which was in the Roman style These buildings were not intended for the royals or most wealthy Parisians but for wealthy businessmen such as bankers b Henry also helped develop the Place Royale which is now known as the Place des Vosges Henry built and sold one side of apartments the rest were developed by families that were in the king s favor and who agreed to build in the style that King Henry IV had speci ed The place royal is another set of homes which all have the same design Each house had four oors with the lowest being decorated with a blind arcade The upper levels are brick construction decorated with quoins The purpose of this style of construction was to make the square look like a large grand palace but while actually creating a homogeneous center for the rich On one side of the square the king and queen built their own home which is in the same design but it lifted above the rest The access to the square is limited to two corners and the archways under the king s home which suggests that it was not to be used for through traffic c Henry also produced conceptual designs for the Place de France This complex was supposed to house a large entrance which leads into a large courtyard which had streets that fanned out into the city This design is similar to that of the Piazza del Popolo and the gate to the city of Rome which had not been designed but happened organically King Louis XIV the Sun King also helped develop major complexes in Paris His major project was the expansion of the Louvre Palace He originally doubled the size of the palace recreating the existing palace on the other side of a new pavilion However Louis XIV was not happy with how grand the facade was therefore he hired the Italian john Lorenzo Bernini to design the rest of the additions to that palace Bernini also created a sculpture of King Louis XIV with whom he spent signi cant amounts of time This marks a change in the idea of the artisan who used to be thought of a laborer but was now considered an intellectual Bernini39s design for the palace was a curved central plan building with curvilinear wings ending in rectangular facades The king was pleased but his advisor Colbert did not think the colonnades were inappropriate because of easy street access lack of room for utilities and the use of Italian colonnades which were less effective in the cooler French climate The next design was similarly curved with more French d cor this design was rejected due to the odd shapes of the rooms it would produce The third design was much less amboyant It was a rectilinear design with faces that stepped forward and back The facade was decorated with Corinthian columns rusti cation and other classical elements The issue with this design was that he proposed an interior colonnade which would have covered up the 16th century French architecture The French architects were angry and jealous therefore they campaigned against the design until Bernini was dismissed From this point on only French architects worked on the design Louis la Vau architect Charles le Brun painter and Claude Perrault student of Vitruvius s ideas were the three French designers that worked on the Louvre They used double Corinthian structural columns throughout the design and used a more classic style There is a moat below street level which surrounded the palace The palace became a public building during the French revolution and now is the Louvre Art Museum a Chateau at Versailles was built under King Henry XIV who wished to remove his court from Paris to a location where he could overlook all of them There is a threestreet trident that leads up to the entrance of the palace The palace is an enormous classical building that is decorated with rusticated stone The interior decoration was exuberant Colbert the king39s advisor created a workshop at which the government supervised the furnishings of the building The decorations continue to compare the French monarchy to ancient Roman and angelical ideals The hall of mirrors leads to the throne room The purpose of this room is to dazzle absolutely and to solidify a visitor39s idea of Louis as the sun king It is a giant golden highly decorated room which one side featuring large mirrors and the other with large windows in the same size and locations across from the mirrors There are also extensive gardens here which feature the fountain of Apollo in which Apollo the sun god drives four horses across the slq This fountain is in the baroque style which means in suggests movement Marie Antoinette also built herself a home to escape to and a village where she could go to and pretend to be a normal person This lavishness however was at the expense of the French people who were struggling to survive Due to the construction and diseases at the workplace of Versailles killed cartloads of people who were carried of each night as to not frighten away other workers Eventually the French people overthrew the government in 1792 over ideas such as the lack of food and horrible and conditions King Louis XIV and Marie Antoinette were eventually executed


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