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HSTA 101H October 19-23 Notes

by: Rachel Notetaker

HSTA 101H October 19-23 Notes HSTA 101H - 00

Marketplace > University of Montana > History > HSTA 101H - 00 > HSTA 101H October 19 23 Notes
Rachel Notetaker
GPA 4.0
American History I
Kyle G. Volk (P)

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About this Document

There was no class on Monday, so Wednesday and Friday notes are covered in this document, including the Origins of the US Constitution and Making sense of the constitution
American History I
Kyle G. Volk (P)
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Saturday October 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HSTA 101H - 00 at University of Montana taught by Kyle G. Volk (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see American History I in History at University of Montana.


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Date Created: 10/24/15
Origins of the Constitution 21 October 2015 o Genius of quotThe Founders 0 Convention in PA in 1787 to figure out national constitution 0 Question of Motivation work for the common good or selfinterest 0 Problems with the Articles of Confederation o Intentionally weak national government American didn t want a big bad government like the one they had recently rebelled from I No power to tax or regulate commerce I Little experience with national government united colonies before 1776 I Believed republican government was NOT for large territories 0 Wanted to keep power quotclose to the people 0 Power kept at the state level I quotFirm League of Friendship between the states I No coercive power 0 Reasons for the Convention of 1787 beyond the Articles of Confederation 0 Problems with the states I quotMutability and injustice of state laws 0 There was a change from 17761780 state governments was the solution to 17861787 state governments was the problem 0 State governments had run to the extremes of democracy I Listened to the people too much I Revolution had gone too far I Hamilton conservativehad grown tired of excessive democracy 0 quotPut the democratic genie back into the revolutionary bottle One Scholar states 0 Economic Origins of the Constitution 1780 0 Created in moment of economic crisis no postwar economic recovery 0 Britain moved to dominate US Economically after they lost the war I Banned US trade to the British Caribbean 0 Bad for farmers merchants sailors shippers ship builders etc I Limited imports but increased exports to America 0 Americans buy British goods like crazy 0 Major trade deficit American money flies out of the country like crazy 0 Currency Problem bank problem stop issuing loans all loans were called in I Before now America s greatest trade partner was Great Britain 0 Debt problems for America 50 million in debt to pay for the war I Soldiers international debt war bond holders 0 State governments respond to economic crisis 0 Some look to restore credit I High taxes much higher than British taxes I Restriction on money supply attempt to stabilize prices I Wanted to pay back debts o Debtors and farmers in trouble because they had no money to pay taxes or creditors 0 Key pieces of Prodebtor legislation 17805 I Stay Laws postponed collection of debts and foreclosures 0 Gives farmers 6 extra months to pay debts I Paper Money increased money supply 0 Made is easier for debtors to repay their debts and taxes 0 PA NY NJ NC SC GA RI creditors were not pleased 39 Paper money was essentially useless o No available credit US had bad credit rating Government policies bring big questions 0 How could the economy grow 0 State governments infringing on property rights I For creditors the wealthy minority 0 State governments protecting quotthe people democratic I Responding to the Will of the majority o Fundamental problems of the republican government Making Sense of the Constitution 23 October 2015 o 1780 Massachusetts filled with mobs heavy debting disgruntled farmers o In 1785 more than 13 in Western Massachusetts counties were in court for not paying their debts I Courts ruled against them their property was then auctioned off to pay the debts I People petitioned to government asking for access to paper money and lower taxes 0 Government refused 178586 farmers acted to close down courts 0 1786 Uprising of indebted farmers acting to stop property foreclosures by closing down courts 0 Daniel Shays Shavs Rebellion I Attacked federal arsenal in Springfield MA 0 Wanted to acquire weaponry for warfare against the creditors I Believed that taking down the current government would give them a government that listened to their concerns and requests I A private army of 4000 wealth men puts down insurrection Shays Rebellion doesn t make it 0 Significance I National Congress realizes that it is unable to support an army 0 No money 0 Warning bell for if wealthy Bostonians hadn t of stopped the rebellion I Next general election in Massachusetts brings debtorfriendly legislature I Economic crisis turns violent needs a change to stop more rebellions I International context Britain and Spain are watching have a potential chance for reassertioninvasion 0 US is on the brink of collapse 0 The Road to the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 o 1785 delegates of Maryland and Virginia meet at Mt Vernon George Washington s Home led byJames Madison 0 1786 513 state delegated present at a convention in Annapolis including Alexander Hamilton 1786 Shay s rebellion takes place in Massachusetts 1787 The Philadelphia convention 1213 state delegates RI missing present altogether 55 men 0 The Philadelphia convention of 1787 0 Assembly of elite and educated more than half with college education men of property I At the time less than 110 of 1 of Americans had college education I No famers women Native Americans tenants slaves any minority present o Concerned about property rights for creditors wanted to fix the creditfinancial system I Men in attendance were creditors wouldbe creditors or credit seekers 0 Acting in selfinterest rather than for interest of the common good I Madison 36 years old lived with his parents wanted to get rich quick through land speculation common practice 0 Failed at land speculation because no one would lend him money due to no promise of repayment in the US 0 Wanted a stronger national government protection from states I Hostile to democracy limit popular control of government 0 Established important role for elites in government I In the late 17805 the revolution had transformed from 1776 0 Compare with Paine PA constitution of 1776 with power kept close to quotthe people I Was the US constitution counterrevolutionary o The moved away from radical democracy of 1776 o The US Constitution 0 Limit the power of the states therefore power of the majority I No state shall 0 Lay dutiesimposts on imports or exports 0 Keep a military or start a war 0 Coin moneybe in charge of paper money distribution 0 Pass law impairing obligation of contracts 0 Other activities all in Article 1 Section 10 I Keeps states from infringing on property rights destroying the financial system I Keeps states from interfering with commerce 0 Separation of powers checks and balances three branches etc I Federalism belief in division of powers between state and national governments o The Big Picture move for bigger and stronger national government 0 Replacing the Articles of Confederation initial union of the states 0 quotA revolution in favor of government I Lodged away from the people I Empowers government especially to fix the problems of 17805 0 Creates a EuropeanStyle central state I Allows the US to compete with European Empires I Used a model European fiscalmilitary state 0 What power did other empires have What made them strong 0 Change from when they wanted to be nothing like other governments 0 Two Powers 0 Power to tax and regulate trade 0 Power to raise an army 0 The constitution was a product of crisis turbulence violent unrest in 17805


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