HSTA 101H October 19-23 Notes
HSTA 101H October 19-23 Notes HSTA 101H - 00
Popular in American History I
HSTA 101H - 00
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
HSTA 255 - 01
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Saturday October 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HSTA 101H - 00 at University of Montana taught by Kyle G. Volk (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see American History I in History at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 10/24/15
Origins of the Constitution 21 October 2015 o Genius of quotThe Founders 0 Convention in PA in 1787 to figure out national constitution 0 Question of Motivation work for the common good or selfinterest 0 Problems with the Articles of Confederation o Intentionally weak national government American didn t want a big bad government like the one they had recently rebelled from I No power to tax or regulate commerce I Little experience with national government united colonies before 1776 I Believed republican government was NOT for large territories 0 Wanted to keep power quotclose to the people 0 Power kept at the state level I quotFirm League of Friendship between the states I No coercive power 0 Reasons for the Convention of 1787 beyond the Articles of Confederation 0 Problems with the states I quotMutability and injustice of state laws 0 There was a change from 17761780 state governments was the solution to 17861787 state governments was the problem 0 State governments had run to the extremes of democracy I Listened to the people too much I Revolution had gone too far I Hamilton conservativehad grown tired of excessive democracy 0 quotPut the democratic genie back into the revolutionary bottle One Scholar states 0 Economic Origins of the Constitution 1780 0 Created in moment of economic crisis no postwar economic recovery 0 Britain moved to dominate US Economically after they lost the war I Banned US trade to the British Caribbean 0 Bad for farmers merchants sailors shippers ship builders etc I Limited imports but increased exports to America 0 Americans buy British goods like crazy 0 Major trade deficit American money flies out of the country like crazy 0 Currency Problem bank problem stop issuing loans all loans were called in I Before now America s greatest trade partner was Great Britain 0 Debt problems for America 50 million in debt to pay for the war I Soldiers international debt war bond holders 0 State governments respond to economic crisis 0 Some look to restore credit I High taxes much higher than British taxes I Restriction on money supply attempt to stabilize prices I Wanted to pay back debts o Debtors and farmers in trouble because they had no money to pay taxes or creditors 0 Key pieces of Prodebtor legislation 17805 I Stay Laws postponed collection of debts and foreclosures 0 Gives farmers 6 extra months to pay debts I Paper Money increased money supply 0 Made is easier for debtors to repay their debts and taxes 0 PA NY NJ NC SC GA RI creditors were not pleased 39 Paper money was essentially useless o No available credit US had bad credit rating Government policies bring big questions 0 How could the economy grow 0 State governments infringing on property rights I For creditors the wealthy minority 0 State governments protecting quotthe people democratic I Responding to the Will of the majority o Fundamental problems of the republican government Making Sense of the Constitution 23 October 2015 o 1780 Massachusetts filled with mobs heavy debting disgruntled farmers o In 1785 more than 13 in Western Massachusetts counties were in court for not paying their debts I Courts ruled against them their property was then auctioned off to pay the debts I People petitioned to government asking for access to paper money and lower taxes 0 Government refused 178586 farmers acted to close down courts 0 1786 Uprising of indebted farmers acting to stop property foreclosures by closing down courts 0 Daniel Shays Shavs Rebellion I Attacked federal arsenal in Springfield MA 0 Wanted to acquire weaponry for warfare against the creditors I Believed that taking down the current government would give them a government that listened to their concerns and requests I A private army of 4000 wealth men puts down insurrection Shays Rebellion doesn t make it 0 Significance I National Congress realizes that it is unable to support an army 0 No money 0 Warning bell for if wealthy Bostonians hadn t of stopped the rebellion I Next general election in Massachusetts brings debtorfriendly legislature I Economic crisis turns violent needs a change to stop more rebellions I International context Britain and Spain are watching have a potential chance for reassertioninvasion 0 US is on the brink of collapse 0 The Road to the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 o 1785 delegates of Maryland and Virginia meet at Mt Vernon George Washington s Home led byJames Madison 0 1786 513 state delegated present at a convention in Annapolis including Alexander Hamilton 1786 Shay s rebellion takes place in Massachusetts 1787 The Philadelphia convention 1213 state delegates RI missing present altogether 55 men 0 The Philadelphia convention of 1787 0 Assembly of elite and educated more than half with college education men of property I At the time less than 110 of 1 of Americans had college education I No famers women Native Americans tenants slaves any minority present o Concerned about property rights for creditors wanted to fix the creditfinancial system I Men in attendance were creditors wouldbe creditors or credit seekers 0 Acting in selfinterest rather than for interest of the common good I Madison 36 years old lived with his parents wanted to get rich quick through land speculation common practice 0 Failed at land speculation because no one would lend him money due to no promise of repayment in the US 0 Wanted a stronger national government protection from states I Hostile to democracy limit popular control of government 0 Established important role for elites in government I In the late 17805 the revolution had transformed from 1776 0 Compare with Paine PA constitution of 1776 with power kept close to quotthe people I Was the US constitution counterrevolutionary o The moved away from radical democracy of 1776 o The US Constitution 0 Limit the power of the states therefore power of the majority I No state shall 0 Lay dutiesimposts on imports or exports 0 Keep a military or start a war 0 Coin moneybe in charge of paper money distribution 0 Pass law impairing obligation of contracts 0 Other activities all in Article 1 Section 10 I Keeps states from infringing on property rights destroying the financial system I Keeps states from interfering with commerce 0 Separation of powers checks and balances three branches etc I Federalism belief in division of powers between state and national governments o The Big Picture move for bigger and stronger national government 0 Replacing the Articles of Confederation initial union of the states 0 quotA revolution in favor of government I Lodged away from the people I Empowers government especially to fix the problems of 17805 0 Creates a EuropeanStyle central state I Allows the US to compete with European Empires I Used a model European fiscalmilitary state 0 What power did other empires have What made them strong 0 Change from when they wanted to be nothing like other governments 0 Two Powers 0 Power to tax and regulate trade 0 Power to raise an army 0 The constitution was a product of crisis turbulence violent unrest in 17805