Chapter Ten POLI 1090 - 006
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POLI 1090 - 006
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Crystal Boutwell on Saturday October 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 1090 - 006 at Auburn University taught by Regina M. Moorer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see American Government in Multicultural World in Political Science at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 10/24/15
CHAPTER TEN CAMPAIGNS AND ELECTIONS II III IV Compiled by Crystal Boutwell Elections in America A Presidential elections held every four years on the first Tuesday in November B Congressional elections held every 2 years on the first Tuesday in November C Midterm elections congressional elections held on those years without a presidential election Four Types of Elections A Primary i Parties choose candidates who will run in general elections ii Open vs closed primary 1 Open you can vote for any candidate despite the party 2 Closed you have to vote on a party sheet iii Primary vs Caucuses 1 Primary narrows a field of candidates before the general election 2 Caucuses a meeting of supporters of a certain candidate or party B General Elections i Determine who holds the office position voters choose between two candidates ii Typically draws the most voters C Direct Democracy i Legislative referenda policy referred to the public for a popular vote ii Popular referenda and initiative 24 states participate in this citizens petition to place issues on the ballot for a vote 1 Bypass legislation 2 Often controversialextensive D Recall Elections i 18 states participate in this ii Citizens vote to remove elected officials from office Criteria for Winning A Plurality vote greatest number of votes wins i Most American elections ii People often win with far less than 50 B Majority vote to win a candidate must have more than 50 of votes i Runoff if no one gets more than 50 ii Not popular at the national level Ballots A States decide what type of ballots to use i Straight ticket option on ballot ii Party affiliations not listed iii Multiple languages iV Voting machines paper ballots punch cards touch screens mail only V Electoral Districts A Redistricting redrawing district lines every ten years i Who draws Varies by state can be the legislature nonpartisanbipartisan committees ii Most districts gerrymandered manipulated to serve someone s interest iii Fundamental criteria for congressional districts 1 Contiguous must share a common border 2 Compact 3 Consistent with existing political subdiVisions a Race can no longer be the deciding criterion b Minority majority districts often occur by way of residential patterns and population distribution VI Presidential Elections Parties make their primary rules frequently changes Parties select their presidential candidates by delegates sent from each state GOP winnertakeall DEM proportional Primary season earlier each election i States that are earlier on the calendar are more in uential mane
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