Popular in Intro to International Politics
Laura Castro Lindarte
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Popular in Public Relations
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Laura Castro Lindarte on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Bill Mikhail in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Politics in Public Relations at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/24/16
March 21, 2016 International Economy Development and Environment ● Other perspective other than East vs West ○ Focus on economy development and environment, NOT CONFLICT OR ALLIANCES ○ Can’t be ignored because rise of China and India, need to look at helping people ○ Focusing on fulfilling important needs of population in world ● New nations appeared due to decolonization and influence of Cold War (capitalism vs communism) ○ New nations will either go with USA or USSR ● Bretton Wood System:New Hampshire, late 19461947 ○ Meeting took place to chart new international economic relations ○ Following Great Depression ○ Open markets created World Bank and IMF ○ World Bank: collect money from member and fund development ○ IMF: International Monetary Fund, credit card of the world ○ Gold Standard: USA and UK will be standard of world, May 1971got stopped because USA couldn’t afford buying gold and UK didn’t want to do it ● Criticism: ○ Conservative: ■ Support socialism type of society NOT natural law of supply and demand ■ Support social worker and birth control ■ Lots of corruption in World Bank no taxes ○ Liberal: ■ Corruption, overspending ■ Could have done better project with less money ■ With IMF not good to cut subsidy ● Sterling Zone, Franc Zone and Deutsche Mark: ○ Asia and Africa had weak currency so couldurrency of other nations ● Contribution of Economic Theory: ○ Walt Rostow’s “Stages of Economic Growth”: ■ Describe how a poor nation could develop ■ Nations could try many things but in the end it will find one that truly works ■ One economic sector will lead to growth ○ Dependency School: ■ Argued that USA increased while Latin America decreased ■ Also applied to Africa and Europe ■ Problem is how to raise capital ■ Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil ● Concept of 3rd World: ○ Came from Cold War USA side=1st world, USSR side=2nd worlverything else= 3rd world ○ Inaccurate because some nations developed but NOT PART OF NATO so considered 3rd world ○ 4th World Poorer ○ Led to idea of 3rd world helping 3rd world ■ No longer depending on first world ● U.N. Report by Willy Brandt: ○ Argued for BASIC NEED APPROACH ○ Said that poor nations needed to focuasic needso rise the way Europe did after WWI ○ Education, housing, healthcare ○ Focusing on basic needs led to being able to focus on other things later March 23, 2016 International Economy Development and Environment ● A country economy measured by GDP (Gross Domestic Product) but this discriminates against women because a stay home mom’s work won’t be measured because no money ● Bretton Woods still around but reformed ○ Example would be fact that gold standard changed because UK did not do it and USA in debt ○ Bretton Wood: liberal set of economic ideas and institutions to get leaders to work together ○ There are parallel systems like other banks ● Corruption in World Bank and IMF ○ Liberal think IMF telling to cut welfare will hurt poor, conservatives think IMF telling country to raise taxes is not good ○ IMF only to fix deficit in budget ○ LONG projects with “experts” ● Sterling Zone, Franc Zone and Deutsche Maroor countries using other country’s currency because own too weak ● Walt Rostow’s Stages of Economic Growthfocus on one thing you are good at and will develop ● Dependency school: North America developed while Latin America did not ● 3rd world= not NATO or Soviet Union nation ○ Lumb all other together still some “3rd world” are truly developed ● 4th world: VERY POOR 3rd world ● SouthSouth Dialogue:3rd world helps 3rd world ● Basic Need Approach: basic needs are too expensive ○ You lower money of basic needs so you can develop better ○ Seen in U.N. report by Willy Brandt on why nations are poor ● Contribution by private seclots of money to fight HIV ○ Examples are Bill Gates Foundation and Ford Foundation ○ Smaller nonprofit groups helped with development ● Example of private sector helping nattory of the Filipino Home Workers lots of Filipino women get trained to work in household ○ Also nurses ● International development is tool of foreign policy ○ Wealthy nations will help poor nations but only when they get something back that will help them ● Many countries’ traditional economies depended on tohe singer sewing machine, Burda magazine, the car Fiat, and Monopoly gndustries structured around few simple products befhis hashangedFEW LUXURIES ○ These tools helped with country’s development ● American way of foreign aSA doesn’t give money to country insocus on infrastructure because goes with investment mentality ○ Does give military money aid but prefers infrastructure ● Tailored aithere are nations that are not super wealthy but want to help others ○ Very controlled and tailoredFOCUSED AND LIMITED ○ Most successful ○ Example is Israel helping in Africa, Taiwan helping as well ● Oil Arab Countries’ Experiewanted to help nations with large muslim population and help Islamic community abroad ○ BCCI started from India study in British or Canadian schools or giving experts to help build things ○ Germany brought workers and gave money to schools after they could liberated they begun to give aid to Nazi victims ○ Example is Noriega using aid money to help in drug trafficking ● Europe:as ties with many poor areas of world ○ Example Britain getting students from India study in Britain or Canadian schools or giving experts to help build things ○ Germany brought workers and gave money to schools after they could liberate they began to give aid to Nazu victims ● Communists: excelled at idea of industrializing countries because created strong working class that would lead revolution ○ Would help government build factories to give people jobs ○ China was later comer to aid giving because very poor ○ Very selective helping build conference room in Sudan and Egypt ○ VERY SPECIFIC TOPICS ● Why didn’t it worNational Security > development so money given used to keep nation safe instead of developnvest in war not development ● When country develop will it continue to be oppome people think that even if not democratic countries can have room for civil society on other activities that aren’t democratic ● What is the future of international development? L ess money going into HIV because seen as less fatal so focus on other things like malnutrition, regionalism neighbors helping neighbors and working together in certain projects, foreign aid privatization ○ Aid was given for very basic efforts like building toilets ● Environment is a new topic in IR ○ Shows impact of ideology (beliefs and activism) in IR care and act ● Do states respond to warnings? Environment has become a source of conflict ○ Poor nations blame wealthy nations for dumping nuclear waste in their land
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