Week 4 Notes - ES 101
Week 4 Notes - ES 101 ES 101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Tucker on Saturday October 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ES 101 at University of Oregon taught by Fujiwara L in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 279 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Ethnic Studies in Social Science at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/24/15
Colonialism amp Racism 101915 Day 7 What is colonialism relationship between indigenous majority amp a minority of foreign invaders The fundamental decisions affecting the lives of the colonized people Native American Removal 1786 US established 1st Native American reservation if they didn t voluntarily move the government forced them to move wherever the Amer gov wanted them 1830 Congress passed Indian Removal Act forcing NA to settle in territory W of Mississippi R 1838 Cherokee Indians forced in 1000mile march 4000 died Trail of Tears Sovereignty Native tribes that are federally recognized by the US are considered domestic dependent nations which entitles tribes to limited sovereignty authority of state to govern itself Native nations are separate political entities from US state governments Civil Rights vs Sovereignty Many political movements for civil rights in the US seek inclusion in the US political amp economic system By comparison Native political struggle often demand US upholds treaty rights respect Native sovereignty amp Native political physical boundaries Forced citizenship as opposed to right to citizenship Settler Colonialism settlement extraction of resources amp labor of a place by a foreign imperial power Settlement conquest amp colonialism of Native lands resources amp culture as ongoing processes Race The Power of an Illusion Part 2 Louisiana Purchase 1803 from France doubled US size Cherokee located in Virginia Carolinas Kentucky Tennessee amp Georgia Forced off 90 of their land Children went to white schools Colonialism amp Racism 101915 Day 7 Thomas Jackson s Common Man remove all Native Americans from W of Mississippi Indian Removal Act passed in 1930 IA of Cherokee nation died during Trail of Tears NA moving west most white Americans believed the West was for themselves alone Klopotek Ordinary amp Extraordinary Trauma Race Indigeneity amp Hurricane Katrina in TunicaBiloxi History TunicaBiloxi Specific example of issues of indigeneity amp racialization are both operating Anthropologist Ruth Underhill s report is based upon her observations of tribal members suffering due to racism amp lack of economic resources 1803 purchase of Louisiana Territory by US gov led to difficulties for the Tunica Biloxi confederation because US was first gov it had encountered that wouldn t recognize its aboriginal sovereignty 2005 Hurricane Katrina hits TB hard Democracy Now Native Americans are both indigenous nations amp racialized minorities in the US amp scholars in both NA studies should be careful to take each of these issues under consideration Quote Blacks and whites will be blacks and whites wherever they go but when a tribe leaves its homeland in the US its indigenous status does not necessarily follow to its new home Conquest Genocide amp Resistance Imperialism amp colonization American empire Settler colonialism Termination 1953 1968 Recognition 1970 Thousands of tribes remain unrecognized Colonialism amp Racism 101915 Day 7 Present absence narrative of vanished W Imagery constructed in historic imagery Indigenous Nations Sovereignty amp Resistance 102115 Day 8 Occupy Wallstreet Movement 99 Racialized movement 1 owns all of the wealth top 1 owns 12 of investment bonds in US Who are they Finance people leaders of big companies Cultural Appropriation Stereotypical View of Native American imagery in posters for Wallstreet Most of 99 are colonizers or settlers Erasure The Vanishing Indian Mythologizing that NA are etched in some mythic past Both a racializing amp colonizing project What is at stake Why does the myth matter Christina Fallen Chief Illiniwek U Illinois mascot Issue of playing NA Caricature of one trait not all traits Indigenous Racial Minorities What similarities do you see w Klopotek amp the experiences w the Tunica Biloxi in Louisiana Failure to recognize indigenous rights to land amp sovereignty How is the issue of race erasing the specific issues Monroe Doctrine US Policy in Paci c Dec 2 1823 Any efforts by European countries to colonize any territories interfering with American efforts was to be seen as an act of aggression requiring US intervention US overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii 1893 1898 US invasion of Philippines 1898 1902 Select US military interventions 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre of Lakota People S Dakota 1891 Haiti black rebellion defeated 1898 1902 naval invasion of Cuba 1898 Naval invasion of Puerto Rico amp Guam 1898 1899 Marine landing in Nicaragua Indigenous Nations Sovereignty amp Resistance 102115 Day 8 Recognizing Native Hawaiians centuries of sovereignty amp highly organized social systems communal land tenure 1850 foreigners allowed to own land 1894 established Republic of Hawaii 1898 annexation w military presence Kanaka Maoli land 1920s given access to homesteads by Hawaiian Homes Commission Act lands taken from Kanaka Maoli 50 blood quantum required to qualify Gov of Hawaii just declared state of emergency due to homelessness Tourists Spend 2007 1281 billion 2008 1199 billion 68 million tourists 2008 108 drop from 07 2012 14 billion