Week 4 Notes - MUS 360
Week 4 Notes - MUS 360 MUS 360
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Tucker on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 360 at University of Oregon taught by Kajikawa L in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Hip-Hop: Hst, Cul, Aes >1 >AC in Music at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
1988 Hip Hop s Greatest Year 101915 Day 7 1988 Hip Hop s Greatest Year Increasing complexity of rhymes ows Golden age of Hip Hop Sampling Political Engagement talking about social issues Diversity of styles amp approaches PP N Albums V singles 88 a lot of albums come out Grammys present Best Rap Album 85 and 86 distribution deals w record labels Def Jam Jive Tommy Boy Grammy Boycott 1989 Mike Green National Association of Recording Arts Sciences Pres NARAS Rap last year was an urban black music form and over the last year it has evolved into something more than that It has matured into several kinds of music with several kinds of artists doing it We felt there was enough product coming out to justify a rap category RunDMC Sucker MCs 1983 Beastie Boys Paul Revere 1986 old school ow emphasis on main beats relatively slow pace of syllables predictable rhythmic patterns Big Daddy Kane Raw 1988 new school ow internal amp multipleword rhyming faster pace dramatic pauses variation in rhythmic patterns Golden Age of Hip Hop Sampling relatively brief period roughly 1987 1991 when producers could make beats w relatively little concern for implications of copyright law amp sample clearance costs Depended on fusion of musical concepts 1st developed by Bronx DJ s in the 70s amp new digital technologies that allowed for the capture amp manipulation of breakbeats Hank Shocklee Bomb Squad 1988 Hip Hop s Greatest Year 101915 Day 7 We believe that music is nothing but organized noise You can take anything street sounds us talking whatever you want and make it music by organizing it 9 Sample Clearance Law Suits Big corporate labels trying to make De La Soul Transmitting Live from MARS Biz Markie Alone Again Contemporary Artists Richard Prince b 1949 Took people s Instagram pics amp made a collage on canvas made thousands of dollars Instagrams 2014 Patrick Cariou French most famous work is Yes Rasta 2000 Residential Segregation in Suburbs Long Island is one of the most racially segregated suburban regions in the nation South African Divestment Reaches peak activity 1984 1989 Protests on major college campuses By 1989 26 states had taken some form of binding economic action against companies doing business in S Africa Howard Beach Incident Dec 20 1986 Trio s car broke down attacked by whites Michael Griffith 24 Cedric Sandiford 36 amp Timothy Grimes 20 Nation of Islam NOI amp 5 Nation African American religious organizations w US roots Elijah Muhammad MOI amp Clarence 13X 5 In Public Enemy many references to Louis Farrakhan NOI Groups stress freedom amp critique oppression Invert US racial hierarchy to place black people in positions of power amp spirituality Some rap groups that draw on N01 5 ideoloaV 1988 Hip Hop s Greatest Year 101915 Day 7 Poor Rightous Teachers Public Enemy Gangstarr Eric B Rakim The Roots Nas WuTang Clan Brand Nubian Digable Planets Pete Rock amp CL Smooth Rebel Without a Pause 1988 Main samples James Brown Funky Drummer 1970 The JBs The Grunt Pt 1 1970 Akai drum machine played by Flavor FlaV Chubb Rock Rock and Roll Dude 1987 Scratching by DJ Terminator X Group played drum machine amp these samples together like a band until they created a groove to record Roots of Rap in Pop Culture Next Level Flow 102115 Day 8 African American preachers RampB singers using spoken interludes Black Arts poets 60s and 70s Explicit blue comedy records Jamaican toasting Trinidadian Calypso Lord Invader My Intention is War 19508 Throwing bars each other Multisyllabic words Scat singing in Jazz Cab Calloway The Scat Song 1932 Singing W nonsense words Using voice to imitate musical instruments Buy albums instead of lyrics because you want to hear the sound Sounds amp rhythm of songs can distract you a lot of rappers have voice and skill but if your words aren t good you cotta chill Personality DJ s on the radio 50s amp 60s J ocko Henderson on 1280 AM NYC 1957 a lot of 1St rappers called themselves DJ s made a lot of disco rap records after Rapper s Delight African American Roots of Oral Culture Boasting bragging about one s prowess amp riches Exaggerations Use humor shock Convey freshness through shock Signifying ritualized game of insults Win competitor needs large rep of insults verbally dominating opponent yo mama rhythm clapping games centered in girl culture as opposed to boasting dozers combination of motor verbal skills practice to improve musical skill Rhyming Techniques Next Level Flow 102115 Day 8 Single word multiple word rhymes Internal end rhymes Alliteration assonance Eric B Rakim Microphone Fiend 1988 Internal end rhymes Changes emphasis of syllables bends words to make it sound more rhythmic Metaphors Staccato doesn t yell Aspects of Flow Phrase length How long certain statement is made of lines Rhythmic patterning if rhythm changes Engagement W beat quality of ow Within track Queen Latifah ft Monie Love Ladies First 1989 Monie Love super fast rhymes Rhythm changes a lot throughout song A lot of internal end rhymes Offbeat rhythm Wordplay hominim