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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ochi on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 5558 at Towson University taught by Jennifer Torgerson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Towson University.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
PHIL 103008 Week 9 Chapter 7 Deontological Ethics Act deontological ethics Joseph Butler 16921752 appeal to your own moral compass quotlet your conscience be your guidequot Rationalism a priori knowledge knowledge that comes from reason Reason is prior and superior to sense experience V Empiricism a posteriori knowledge knowledge follows after some sense expedence Rule deontological ethics Two subsets Moderate moral objectivism Absolute moral objectivism WD Ross Immanuel Kant Prima facie duties quotconditional dutiesquot rationaist absolutist moral objectivist May not be absolute rules we must Believes in A priori independent of follow wo exception can allow for experience overriding by another moral duty Important qualities of Cl Actual dutiesan actual obligation in the 1 Universal given circumstances 2 Natural law 3 Treats humanity as an endin itself 4 Our will legislates CI or universal law Hypothetical Imperative Do X only if you want Y Categorical Imperatives CI a set of moral rules that we must follow without exception these rules have certain qualities 1 and 2 Act only in that maxim rule that you can will as the same time to become a universal law of nature 3 Act only in that maxim rule that treats the humanity whether in yourself or of another always as an endinthemselves and never a means to an end don39t treat people as objects for your own use and vice versa Duties to self Duties to others Perfect duties instruct us not to harm Suicide is always wrong no exceptions Do not make false promises Lying is always wrong no exceptions Imperfect duties instruct us to bene t Perfect your talentsDon39t belazy Be bene cit be nice to others