SOCY 305 Notes (3/24/16)
SOCY 305 Notes (3/24/16) SOCY 305 001
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SOCY 305 001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Lensch on Thursday March 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCY 305 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Jennifer M. Augustine in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Sociology of the Family in Sociology at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 03/24/16
Fatherhood Era of involved fathering Dove commercial --> men who care make them stronger Reflect cultural shift towards fatherhood and masculinity Small share of father only families (< 4%) Why Do Children Live With Mothers More Often Than Fathers? 1. Legal/Structural a. Custody --> almost always assigned to man 2. Social a. Absent or uninvolved fathers b. Men drift away from lives of their children 3. Cultural a. Belief --> women should be primary caregivers of children when parents can't live together Nothing biological (no "mom" genes) --> it's socialization Cultural presumption that women are better caregivers than men (occupies larger space in our lives compared to men) Fatherhood "Epochs" 1. Preindustrial Era (Williams Reading) a. Household --> unit of production b. Men and women worked in house c. No mass education (children worked, so educated at home by father) d. Men were primary educators 2. Industrial Era a. Jobs --> outside of home b. Men became providers instead of caregivers it you work hard, you will be successful fatherhood became more about providing for your children c. The Package Deal (Townsend) (4 facets of fatherhood): i. 1. Emotional closeness ii. 2. Provision iii. 3. Protection iv. 4. Endowment d. Marriage --> facilitates employment --> facilitates home ownership --> facilitates fatherhood e. Father => sex role model => if boy, how to be a man => if girl, how to act around men, what to expect 3. Technological Era a. Ideal father – involved father (Williams) b. Provider and emotionally close c. Involved father d. Fathers did not "decide" what fatherhood path to follow e. Instead, society changed f. Men's choices, reaction to their circumstances g. Economic factors: women contribute financially and take over breadwinner role h. Cultural factors: women demanding more equality and that men take on more household work in exchange for women participating more in workforce i. Multipartner fertility --> rise in share of people who have kids with more than one partner j. Changes in family life: marriage, divorce, multipartner fertility Men with lower levels of education --> more likely to be stay at home dads Increase in women's caregiving Women working more and also parenting more During industrial era, men believed providing money to children was the most important Nowadays, showing child love and protection is most important What is Holding Back Progress? 1. Fathers still face a set of constraints: a. Lack social resources (women, however, have the social networks to schedule playdates and socialize) b. Man not allowed to participate in "mommy and me" c. Paternity leave => men don't know it's available or they get reprimanded for it (stigmatized in work place), people think he is less committed to job if he takes leave d. Men have long work hours e. Lack of flexible jobs f. "Mr. Mom" => degrading to masculinity, men socialized a different way to parenting 2. Workplace Policy and Culture a. Fathers might see kids for 30 minutes each day b. Hard with a job that demands a lot of facetime 3. Cultural Ideals of Masculinity a. What an idealized man with children is different from what view of a father is can't be a good father without being good in labor market 4. Behavioral Lag a. Behavioral change is behind attitudinal change b. Diaper commercial --> sending message to dad (superdad) c. Most establishments don't have diaper changing systems in the men's restroom d. Dad's don't know how to parent as well as moms do What Problem Does This Create For Men? Non-residential fathers: On the rise Can still be involved even if you don't live with them 40% of nonresident fathers are absent and not involved Fathers with more education/resource/$ are more involved with their children Why? (particularly an issue for men with low economic standing) (involvement goes down) => the package deal => if men don't have "the package deal," they don't want to be involved and feel they have nothing to contribute If man refuses to pay child support, women gatekeep their children (men can't see kids) Father Absenteeism Positive relationship Parenting style Providing child care/support Fatherhood Crisis Period on figuring out what involved parenting is
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