Week 8 notes
Week 8 notes PSYC 218 - 01
Popular in Adolescent Psychology
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PSYC 218 - 01
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jasmine Sandozz on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 218 - 01 at Radford University taught by Lara Barbir in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Psychology in Psychlogy at Radford University.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
Monday December 21 y Week 8 Moral Development Values and religion Moral development involves changes in thoughts feelings and behaviors regarding standards of right and wrong Kohlberg s stages Preconventional reasoning is the lowest stage of the moral development Morality is focused on reward and punishment Conventional reasoning The second stage of moral development where individuals follow rules that are standards whether for external or internal reasons Postconventional The third level of moral development where morality is more internal Stages 5 and 6 of Kohlberg s theory of moral development were NOT found to be universal moral competence and moral performance interpersonal between people intrapersonal Social Cognitive theory of Moral Development reinforcement punishment imitation Bandura selfregulation rather than abstract reasoning is the key to positive moral development Monday December 21 y Prosocial behavior altruism an unselfish interest in helping one another Prosocial behavior occurs more in adolescence Gender differences in prosocial behavior 6 types of prosocial behavior altruism public emotional dire anonymous and compliant Forgiveness and gratitude positive psychology Moral feeling psychoanalytic theory Freud superego oedipus complex egoideal conscience Erik Erikson specific moral learning in childhood ideological concerns in adolescence Ethical consolidation in adulthood Empathy The contemporary perspective The contemporary perspective negative and positive feelings contribute towards moral development not sufficient to generate Monday December 21 y moral responsibility Moral Personality thoughts behavior feelings can be involved in an individuals moral personality moral identity moral personality Moral character moral virtues Lawrence walker honesty truthfulness care compassion trustworthiness thoughtfulness Moral Exemplers people who lived exemplary have a moral personality identity character and set of virtues that reflect moral excellence Parenting Piaget and Kohlberg Parents don t provide any unique inputs to children development 3 discipline techniques Power assertion Love withdrawal lnduc on Monday December 21 y the findings vary according to developmental level and socioeconomic status induction is more positively related to moral development Schools hidden cirriculum school and classroom rules the moral orientation of staff text materials character education 40 out of 50 states have mandates on character education Values clarification helps clarify what their lives are for and what is worth working for character education cognitive moral education a third approach based on the belief students should learn such things as democracy and justice as their moral reasoning develops Service learning education that promotes social responsibility and service to the community Benefits service learning is more efficient long term higher grades and selfesteem increased goal setting identity achievement exploration of moral issues increased volunteering in the future Monday December 21 y Ethical Sensitivity Ethical Judgment Ethical Action Values beliefsattitudes about how things should be over the past 3 decades traditional aged college students more egotistic care about their well being more than others
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