Chapter 17 notes
Chapter 17 notes ANTR 110S
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nathaniel Rhodes on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTR 110S at Old Dominion University taught by KRISTIN M MACAK in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
ANTRllOS Week of notes chapter 17 Intro to Anthropology defenitions Chapter 1 7 Political Systems A Political power is the ability needed to impose one39s will over another B Authority is the approved use of power one othersnecessary to exert will legally C Social organization manages people to the best of it39s ability Politicians A Makes decisions for a group B Expected to lead community C Spokesman for people of nation D Power to controlinfluence behavior of others Sociopolitical typology Kinbased relation gt Band Small kin based group Tribe Power organized by lineage Chiefdom Power organized by social relationsChiefdoms are kin based but with differential access to FESOU FCES Chiefdoms A A Chiefdom continuum is the stages from a tribe to a state Tribe chiefdom then state B Unlike band and tribes chiefdoms have a clear political system with offices regulations and rulers Ex Precontact Hawaii before any outsiders came they had a system with a leader and broken into smaller groups of leaders Stratification A Emergence of social division defines transition from chiefdom to state B Wealth Economic status Power Political status Prestige Social status C a system of subordinateslackeys and superordinatesbosses was created D This system is found in most all states Population control fixes boundaries citizenship Judiciarylaw judges procedure EnforcementPermanent military Fiscal support taxation these systems facilitate social control Hegemony Stratified social order in which subordinates accept hierarchy as natural Social orders try to make arbitrary mechanisms that make domination seem in everyone39s best interest and rules are what make compliance with people possible G There is a geographic linguistic and ethnic separation Sanctions A Sanctions are social and governmental B Resistance can arise regardless of order in the below ways ANTRllOS Week of notes chapter 17 Intro to Anthropology C Politics and law compared to gossip and shame D Protests urban events and public influence E Messages spread through music social media etc Other terms A Law Legal code of a state society with trial and enforcement B Conflict Resolution Ways of settling disputes C Pantribal sodalities Nonkin based groups with regional political significance