Ch 9: Religion
Ch 9: Religion ANTHROP 2202H
Popular in Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHROP 2202H at Ohio State University taught by Lexine Trask in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Ohio State University.
Reviews for Ch 9: Religion
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/25/15
Ch 9 Religion religion beliefs and rituals concerned with supernatural beings powers and forces communitas intense community spirit a feeling 0 great social solidarity equality and togetherness characteristic of people experiencing liminality together characteristics of religion it is concerned with the supernatural serves emotional needs collective system of meaning explains the unexplainable social in nature based on religious roles verbal manifestations prayers chants myths texts and statements about ethics and morality associated with socials divisions within and between societies and nations Tylor people tried to understand conditions and events they could not explain by reference to daily experience and as they attempted to explain these things it led to the belief of a soul and this was the earliest form of religion animism belief in souls or doubles polytheisim and monotheism developed later mana sacred impersonal force in Melanesian and Polynesian religions taboo prohibition backed by supernatural sanctions magic use of supernatural techniques to accomplish specific aims ritual behavior that is formal stylized repetitive and stereotyped performed earnestly as a social act rituals are held at set times and places and have liturgical orders rituals serve two purposes convey messages values and sentiments encourage a common social order rites of passage culturally defined activities associated with the transition from one place or stage of life to another liminality the critically important marginal or inbetween phase of a rite of passage these people exist apart form ordinary distinctions and expectations feelings of solidarity or togetherness of community liminality Totemism can be animals plants or geographical features and members of the totem believed themselves to be the descendants of the totem totems are sacred emblems symbolizing common identity religion can become a powerful influence on the attitudes and behavior of the faithful and what they teach their children can work by getting inside people and mobilizing their emotions leveling mechanism customs and social actions that operate to reduce differences in wealth and thus to bring standouts in line with community norms religion is a cultural universal in world religion Christianity is the biggest with Islam the next biggest religion helps maintain social order revitalization movements movements that occur in times of change in which religious leaders emerge and undertake to alter or revitalize a society two religious responses to the expansion of the world capitalist economy are fundamentalisms and revitalization movements cargo cults postcolonial acculturative religious movements common in Melanesia that attempt to explain European domination and wealth and to achieve similar success magically by mimicking European behavior The New Age movement draws on and blends cultural elements from multiple traditions and advocates change through individual personal transformation there are problems with our definition of religion though secular events settings and things can acquire meaning without being religious
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'