AMH 2097 Week 10/16 -10/23
AMH 2097 Week 10/16 -10/23 AMH 2097
Popular in American History race and ethnicity
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Derick Grandoit on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2097 at Florida State University taught by Anna Amundson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see American History race and ethnicity in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
Monday October 16 I Chinese Immigrants 0 Guangdong Province after migration to Gold Mountain 0 Chinese kids were isolated form families when immigrated I They occasionally Visited and sent letters I They primarily took part in gold mining I By the late 1860 s gold mining companies took over independent miners I White miners were paid 7 dollars as Chinese miners were paid 2 dollars I Few came out as well off and returned to China as the elite in their homeland O Proved that the United States was means to an end I The majority had to stay in the United States as they did not make enough to retire 0 However a week pay in the US was equal to several months pay in China so the families of miners became the elite I Was a dangerous job as one was subject to mercury poisoning depending on what they mined I Chinese called California the Gold Mountain I Toishanton I Money owed wife s of migrants could import other foods and divide task to workers I Men back home would gamble and smoke what was sent back to them I Families now depended on the revenue from the male family member away in California I Mining Families were Victims of robbing s and extortion 0 They would require money for bodyguards weapons protection 0 In turn male workers away in the Us would ask families to join them in America I Men who migrated were characterized as changed I They used English language I Change in clothing food etc I Chinese were Viewed as completely foreign to Americans and Vice versa 0 SacramentoSan Joaquin River Delta I Railroad to California allowed for farmland to develop in California 0 Helped create a new industry as mining diminished Landowners were eager to use Chines workers because Chines were cheap workers and self sufficient 0 Provided their own food and shelter In 1870 approximately 10 by 1884 40 percent and by 1890 90 percent of farmworkers in California were Chines Food surpassed mining as the primary source of income by 1880 Chinese worked to clear the SacSan J 0 river Delta 0 The lands rivers over owed yearly 0 Prior to this time no other workers were willing to clear the land I It is unknown how many Chinese died in the process 0 Made vast profit for land owners 0 As Chinese made the land net worth increases by over 70 dollars by acre 0 Canneries Other workers moved to the Midwest They were paid by a middleman based on how much salmon and other fish were caught One worker could prepare 18tons of fish per day It is unknown how many Chinese died in this line of work Other Chinese would work in California canneries however they were unfairly treated due to racism I Regulated net size boat size and required licenses through citizenship I Targeted Chines immigrants I Supreme Court later overturned these laws As the fishing industry crashed for the Chines immigrants they moved to casinos and the laundry industry primarily in Los Angeles 0 San Francisco s Chinatown About a quarter of Americas Chinese immigrants lived in San Francisco 0 Between 1849 1870 San Francisco experienced a bust due to a series of fires that destroyed the city By the 1870 s the Chines immigrants had overturned the city By 1870 Chinese accounted for over 70 percent of San Frans workforce I Over 5000 Chinese businessmen located in the city 0 Formed a powerful block of owners 0 Chinese were the elite I They hired workers 0 The working class were very poor I Had no furniture I Worked multiple jobs I Slept in shifts due to lack of beds 0 Bret Harte The Heathen Chinese By the late1870 s Chinese were the scapegoats for Americans economic problems California was the main site of economic problems due to the failing industries 0 Railroads destroyed the West economy 0 By 1873 for ever 1 job their were 3 workers who needed 0 As Chinese immigrants offered cheap labor they were picked before others Bret Harte published a poem discussing the problems in American society In regards to Chinese 0 The Heathen Chinese 0 Tells story of two men one Chinese Ah Sin and one American one cheats but continues to lose to the Chinese but says the Chinese is still cheating as they are taking away work 0 Translated to popular culture 0 American Society Reaction to Chinese Americans felt that Chinese abused the system 0 Chinese 0 Worked for cheap labor 0 Spent money amongst themselves 0 Sent money home 0 All money for the Chinese was never translated back to the Americans 0 Laws Naturalization Act amp Cubic Act Anti Chinese sentiments were uprising in America primarily in California In San Francisco 0 Cubic Act law was passed asking for 50 cubic feet per person for each house resident 0 This law was only enforced towards Chinese I Houses were raided and Chinese were fined I If they did not pay the fine they heads were shaven I Disrupted their tradition of long hair braid I Naturalization Act of 1870 0 Limited the type of people who could become citizens in the United States I Meaning they could not act in government 0 And fight the discriminatory laws passed against them 0 San Francisco Denis Kearney amp antiChines violence I By the 1870 s the Anti Chinese attitude translated to violence I Chinese turned to weapons for protection 0 Pawn workers reported selling substantial amounts of guns to Chinese I In 1876 the stock market crashed 0 Denis Kearney spoke at the City Hall of San Francisco and organized a hate group against he Chinese 0 Led to riots against Chinese 0 By 1879 it was illegal for Chinese to work for corporations 0 Led to Chinese Wednesday October 21 Chapter 4 0 Populism 0 Beginning in the 1890 s Americans began to address social issues 0 Populism I That belief that the interest lies with the corporation and not the citizens I Short lived but very popular I Centered in the rural areas of the South and the Midwest I Set in place to challenge the power corporations achieved through the Glided Age I Was an interracial movement 0 Marked the last time blacks participated in politics until the late 1950 s 0 Farmers in a world market 0 Between the 1870 s and 1890 s prices dropped tremendously 0 Farmers transitioned from growing crops for family to growing staple crops crops to sell for the common good 0 Prices began to drop as more and more invested in staple crops I In 1881 farmers made 12 cents a pound for cotton I In 1884 farmers made 4 cents a pound for cotton 0 Farmers grew debt each year as they could not pay back for materials Farmers lived relatively isolated life s 0 The Grange I Organizations to help establish more social activities for rural areas I Founded in 1867 I By 1874 they were over 1400 chapters in thee US I They began to discuss there common problems 0 They started to look to railroad companies as the problem because they overcharged for transports Bankers charged high interest rates Felt that federal government introduced a system designed to keep prices low I Farmers Alliances 0 1892 Election Became the largest political movement of the late 19th century Began in Texas in 1870 O Grew national rapidly They developed into several groups North South and black 0 Over 350 K members 0 Eventually joined together 0 Formed cooperatives Early on they had no intentions of political involvement Used their numbers and high number of staple crops to change transport prices in their favor They had no form of finances due to their low capital and wages O Remained vital to rural life 0 Lack of money drove them to politics Eventually received some relief through Supreme Court decisions Sub Treasury Plan 0 Wanted the federal government to store their crops 0 And when prices raised they would sell their crops 0 Wanted crops to form a sort of collateral that could be used to give farmers loans 0 Wanted to eliminate banks and railroads and make the federal government oversee all aspects of farming O Felt this would eliminate imports O Populist party had supporters in Kansas Colorado Nevada Idaho I Were supportive of women suffrage 0 Nominated James Weaver for President 0 Received 5 of electoral votes 0 Mary Elizabeth Lease 0 By 1892 the Populist party spoke for the whole working class instead of only farmers 0 Knights of Labor I Represented working class men in skilled professions I Men worked in rural areas I Little to no interest to organize with women groups 0 Mary Elizabeth Lease I Daughter of Irish immigrants I Worked for Irish Independence Women Suffrage and Worker Rights I Said the Americans were wage slaves due to corporations I Claimed America is a government for Wall Street by Wall Street I She claimed that working class were modern day slaves I Coxey s Army 0 Led a working class protest 0 Were dismissed by Washington DC and there leader arrested Friday October 23 0 The Progressive Era Muckrakers O The Progressive Movement I Another reform movement like the Populist I Started in the 1890 s but didn t mature until 1910 s I Had similar groups to Populist 0 Differences O Came from urban areas 0 Focused on conditions in cities 0 More international movement world economy I Members 0 Businessmen 0 Women 0 Upper Middle Class I Academics Social Scientist I Had a strong female support 0 Felt that expert opinions were needed I Outcomes 0 Workers rights I Worker unions 0 Changed political systems less corrupt O Introduced secret ballot I Harmed illiterate voters I Muckrakers I Cleaned up the corrupt prices of government I Usually journalists 0 Saw and reported of the corruptness a O Demanded reform I By the early 1900 s Americans understood the political system I Citizens 0 Consumer products were readily available 0 Popular Culture Nickelodeons 0 By 1910 I More than 20 million Americans attended Nickelodeons to watch short films 0 Changed the way youth behaved O Affected dating I Men previously called on women at their family home in the 19th century 0 However by the 20th century dating would move from family house to public housing 0 Men began to pay 0 Affected Intimacy I Men intimacy could be affected by how much money they spent
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