Intro to National Security
Intro to National Security PSC 321
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday January 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 321 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Frazier in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 270 views. For similar materials see US National Security in Political Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/16/15
Intro National Security 0 A change in the balance of power 0 PreWWll multipolar system I Many superpowersempires that dominated internatl affairs and sec 0 PostWWII bipolar system I Two main superpowers controlling internatl sec and dominating for internatl in uence 0 Cold War Bipolarity I US vs USSR I Security concerns military ideological economic I 89 91 Cold War ends USSR divided I 90s US only remaining superpower o PostCold War US hegemony I 90s present US hegemonic state in internatl sec 0 Hegemon state that has a preponderance of power relative to other actors o e Holds greatest sway in internatl politics 0 Now moving toward quotAge of NonPolarity I Geopolitical system characterized by numerous centers of power 0 No one country holds greatest sway over internatl politics 0 Allows states to pick and choose which center of power to follow 0 Effect multiple sec threats due to many center of power 0 US may lose 1 status 0 Lose of top status others can dictate things on you 0 National Security concerns traditional vs nontraditional 0 Traditional military diplomacy o NonTraditional ideology environment humanitarian human rights migration genocide diseases terrorism cyber crimes 0 Proliferation of actors on international stage 0 Harder to control and monitor centers where threats originate 0 National Security problems 0 Age demographics trade resource allocation economicsdebt energy 0 National Security defined 0 Protection of a state s ppl borders and interests 0 Protection of a nation in all aspects 0 What defines quotinterestsquot of natl sec 0 Things wcultural pol or econ value that contributes to uniqueness of the US identity Things that benefit the US Interests of the populace such as eduhealth Retaining internatl influence or dominance Retaining system of democracy freedoms rights OOOO Interests gt identification of sec threats gt creation of sec policy strategy 0 Must have an interest in mind first in order to establish something as a threat to it Concepts of security 0 Scope traditional vs nontraditional level of importance of different interests 0 Hierarchy different levels of sec that go from individual to global Foreign policy vs Natl Sec 0 Foreign policy interaction of one country wother countries in regards to an issue I interaction 0 National Sec policies designed to benefit a country from threats I self interest Homeland Sec vs Natl Sec 0 Homeland sec focus on domestic threats threats to structure ex pandemics o Natl Sec focus on external threats actorbased threats ex AlQaeda