New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Trinity Koch


Trinity Koch
GPA 3.79

Jeannie Loeb

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Jeannie Loeb
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Psychlogy

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trinity Koch on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 220 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by Jeannie Loeb in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 142 views. For similar materials see /class/228719/psyc-220-university-of-north-carolina-chapel-hill in Psychlogy at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/25/15
NOTE this outline is not to be distributed or posted on other internet sites that is a copyright infringement It is important to take very detailed notes to augment this outline Terms for anatomical directions 0 When referring to human neuroanatomy be sure to quotstraighten out the neuraxis o transverse plane perpendicular to neuraxis o frontal section 0 lateral o dorsal back 0 medial quotmiddlequot 0 saggital plane you can think of this as the side view 0 anterior towards nose 0 posterior towards tail or towards back end 0 ventral belly 0 horizontal quotparallel to the horizon or earth looking from top to down 0 notice that names of brain structures tell you also where they are andor what they look like 0 eg lateral geniculate nucleus thalamus so this means the LGN is towards the side of the thalamus O eg hypothalamus hypo means under so this is under the thalamus O eg ventral medial hypothalamus so this is towards the underside or belly and middle of the hypothalamus ll Divisions of the Nervous System l l l l I Somatic Spinal cord vertebral column vs spinal cord 23 length ofvertebral column 0 dura mater arachnoid membrane amp arachnoid space pia mater gray matter inside vs white matter outside af39ferent nerves sensow nerves dorsal horn ef39ferent nerves motor nerves ventral horn QorsalAf ferent entralEf39ferent DAVE39s spine 0 sensow nerves cell bodies outside dorsal root ganglia motor nerves cell bodies inside of spinal cord af ferent ef39ferent nerves spinal nerve leaving spinal cord 31 pairs of spinal nerves outside spinal cord missing arachnoid membrane 0 o 0 IV Autonomic Nervous System ANS 0 Sympathetic Nervous System 0 origin thoracic amp lumbar regions 0 paired sympathetic ganglion chain 0 preganglionic acetylcholine O postganglionic norepinephrine except for sweat glands Parasympathetic Nervous System 0 origin cranial amp sacral regions V Brain 0 ganglions closer to targets 0 preganglionicacetylcholine o postganglionicacetylcholine Gray matter outside vs white matter inside Hindbrain aka rhombencephalon o medulla myelencephalon vita functions 0 pons metencephalon ipsilateral vs contralateral connections medulla pons midbrain some forebrain structures brainstem from medulla pons Cranial nerves V Xll Cranial nerves l olfactory ll Optic lll Oculomotor lV trochlear V trigeminal Vl Abducens Vll Facial Bell s palsy Vlll vestibulocochlear IX glossopharyngeal X Vagus medulla quotwandering nerve Xl spinal accessory Xll hypoglossal On old Olympic towering tops afinn and german viewed some hops medulla pons raphe nucleus 5HT focus on stimulus medulla pons midbrain reticular formation actually begins from the bottom of the medulla amp goes to the very tip of the midbrain o cerebellum metencephalon coordination eg movement Midbrain mesencephalon o tectum dorsal superior colliculi vision inferior colliculi auditory o tegmentum intermediate level of midbrain substantia nigra movement periaqueductal gray pain modulation red nucleus movement 3 amp 4 h cranial nerves see above where the cranial nerves are listed reticular formation see above Forebrain prosencephalon o cerebral hemispheres I corpus callosum I anterior commissure I massa intermedia o cerebral cortex bark o basal ganglia caudate nucleus putamen globus pallidus see textbook figure I sequences of motor movements 0 limbic system olfactory bulb hypothalamus hippocampus amygdala cingulate gyrus part of cerebral cortex I emotions amp motivations o diencephalon vs telencephalon assume all other structures are part of the telencephalon I thalamus I hypothalamus o pituitary o basal forebrain aka nucleus basalis o hippocampus o Ventricles o CSF amp choroid plexus o CSF circulation I lateral ventricles gt 3rd ventricle gt cerebral aqueduct gt 4 h ventricle gt subarachnoid space around the brain as well as to the spinal cord eventually CSF moves to arachnoid granulation where the CSF diffuses into the circulatory system gt urine 0 Meninges o dura mater o arachnoid mater o subarachnoid space 0 pia mater o hydrocephalus o More detailed look at the cerebral cortex part of forebrain as above 0 six laminae except oldest parts of brain 0 columnar organization 0 4 lobes I occipital lobe primary visual cortex 0 aka striate cortex aka V1 0 cortical blindness I parietal lobe posterior to central sulcus primary somatosensory cortex 0 4 bands of a quotbody map I temporal lobe inferior to lateral sulcus primary auditory cortex 0 left language 0 complex visual processing eg hallucinations o emotional amp motivational behaviors eg KlL39iverBucy syndrome I frontal lobe primary motor cortex precentral gyrus 0 prefrontal cortex working memory thinking integration of info Vl Binding problem 0 No grandmother cell 0 so how do different sensations come together 0 Origin location amp timing of sensations may be key Vll Research Methods 0 Brain imaging 0 CT scan contrast amp Xrays 0 MRI scans I large magnet I H atoms release energy absorbed from radio frequency I different tissues have different amounts of H atoms I best resolution 0 Recording brain activity 0 EEG unit recording or multiple unit recording I evoked potential measuring neural activity in response to a stimulus o magnetoencephalographMEG I measuring magnetic field of electrical activity I great temporal resolution 0 PET scan detecting collision of positron amp electron I radioactive synthetic glucose eg 2DG measuring glucose usage I creating in cyclotron is expensive I measures changes in oxygen content of blood I oxygenated blood responds differently to magnetic field than deoxygenated blood I not as good resolution as MRI 0 Brain damage 0 accident damage is not quotprecisequot o purposeful stereotaxic surgery keeps head still I atlas I bregma I lesions 0 ablation take out tissue 0 electrolytic burn tissue 0 knife cuts cut tissue o sham lesions as control group 0 chemical lesions usually stimulates to death 0 kainic acid 0 6HD I DA I NE I geneknockoutapproach 0 Brain inactivation o transcranial magnetic stimulation high dose 0 Brain stimulation 0 electrical current lower dose 0 kainic acid lower dose 0 transcranial magnetic stimulation lower dose 0 agonists or antagonists o Microscopictechniques o stains I golgi visualization of individual neurons I nissl selectively stains cell bodies eg methyl blue or cresyl violet 0 transmission electron microscopy I provides info about the inner structures of neuron


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.