Perspectives in Drama
Perspectives in Drama DRAM 115
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Abelardo Bernier II
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abelardo Bernier II on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to DRAM 115 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by Jeffrey Cornell in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see /class/228813/dram-115-university-of-north-carolina-chapel-hill in Drama at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
Realism and Isben 9272011 13000 PM Isben Father of Modern Drama Realism Employment of the fourth wall technique o Audience made to feel that they are watching private world o Darkened audience lit up stage Neoclassical Ideas Tried to make plays more believable o Soliloquies were eliminated Technological Advances Gas lights replaced candle lights o Electric lights replaced gas 0 Brighter safer more control o Actors moved up into the setting 0 apron downstage front lip of stage got smaller o Costumes and furniture became more historically accurate The WellMade Play o Playwrights include 0 Austin Eugene Scribe 17911861 0 Victorien Sardou 18311908 c Careful exposition o Tight cause and effect relationship of events o Scenes build to a climax o Withheld information reversals of fortune o Everyday language o Resolution of events o Focus less on well developed characters Emile Zola 1840 1902 o Naturalism a persons fate was a result of heredity and environment o French philosopher Charles Darwin 18091882 c Origin of the Species 1859 o All creatures have a common ancestry o Through evolution and survival of the fittest beings become what they are HenrikIsben Father of modern drama Adapted wellmade plays Early plays in verse historical dramas Famous for realistic plays about the problems of Norwegian middle class Later plays use more poetic and symbolic treatment of reality CHARACTERS 1 HeddaGabler Hedda is the daughter of the famous General Gabler as a child she was used to luxury and highclass living As the play begins she is returning from her honeymoon with JUrgen Tesman a scholar with good prospects but not as much money as Hedda is accustomed to Her married name is HeddaTesman Hedda is an intelligent unpredictable and somewhat dishonest young woman who is not afraid to manipulate her husband and friends 2 J39Lirgen Tesman Tesman is an amiable intelligent young scholar He tries very hard to please his young wife Hedda and often does not realize that she is manipulating him In fact he often seems foolish for his age and when he annoys Hedda the audience has reason to sympathize with her Tesman is hoping for a professorship in history and at the beginning of the play it seems that his one great rival EjlertLovborg a notorious alcoholic no longer stands in Tesman39s way Tesman was raised by his Aunt Julie 3 JulianeTesman JulianeTesman or Aunt Julie is the aunt ofJiirgen Tesman After Tesman39s parents died Aunt Julle raised him She is wellmeaning and she is constantly hinting that Tesman and Hedda should have a baby Aunt Julle tries to get along with Hedda but the difference in their class backgrounds is painfully apparent Aunt Julle lives with the ailing Aunt Rina another aunt of Tesman39s 4 Judge Brack Brack is a judge of relatively inferior rank He is a friend of both Tesman and Hedda and he visits their house regularly He has connections around the city and is often the first to give Tesman information about alterations in the possibility of his
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