Week 2 Notes: Lecture 3
Week 2 Notes: Lecture 3 ARH 209
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 209 at University of Oregon taught by Walley A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see Hist of Japanese Art >1 >IC in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
ARH209 History of Japanese Art Lecture 3 October 6 2015 Ideas of the Afterlife Tombs and Funerary Objects PitShaft Tombs These can be extremely large tombs where important people were buried built by forming a mound and digging down into the mound for burial hence quotpitshaft Two main components make up a keyhole shape a circular portion where the body is buried and a rectangular portion which leads up to the burial site Visitors could get near the burial site but not directly to the sarcophagus Main decoration was the placement of quothaniwaquot Haniwa quotClay Cylinder These are statuesque artifacts found surrounding pitshaft tombs to define a clear path from the rectangular portion to the circular portion where the body is buried they block off all other routes to the tomb so that there is only one access point for visitors They served as pedestals where offerings could be placed meaning they have a talismanic purpose The earliest haniwa were simple cylinders but as time progressed they became figurines such as warriors animals attendants weapons houses etc The haniwa figurines are thought to be means of protection against evil spirits as well as assistance for the deceased spirit s travel in the afterlife Daisen Tomb quotTomb of Emperor Nintoku Largest known keyhole shaped pitshaft tomb surrounded by 3 motes largest mote is 850m There is also a shrine onsite RoosterShaped Haniwa Roosters are tied to sunworship believed to quotcall out the sun HouseShaped Haniwa Kofun Exam Slides pg 2 Beieved to be a dwelling for the spirit in the afterlife Was made using cloths to form the clay QuiverShaped Haniwa Kofun Exam Slides pg 3 Beieved to be used for the spirit s protection in the afterlife Haniwa of ShieldBearing Figure Made to carry the weapons that would protect the spirit Haniwa of a Male Warrior Kofun Exam Slides pg 4 Also made to carry weapons but also to act as a guardian for the spirit Facia features are more realistic compared to JamonYayoi clay figures Other Notes The Kansai region was the major political center at the time of pitshaft tombs and is the location of the largest pitshaft tombs in Japan including the Daisen tomb CorridorType Tombs Came after pitshaft tombs made by building a structure out of large stones over the sarcophagus and then covering the structure in a dirt mound generally smaller than pitshaft tombs ntroduced the use of a corridor into the burial site where visitors could have direct access to the sarcophagus Main decoration were painted murals on the corridor and chamber walls HouseShaped Sarcophagus with ArcandLine Motifs There are circular motifs representative of mirrors and knot motifs common to the time period Relief Motifs on Walls from Sengoko Tumulus 1 Carved walls with mirror motifs and painted red to ward off evil Mural Paintings from the Ozuka Tumulus Kofun Exam Slides pg 5 Tomb was accidentally discovered in 1934 Most elaborate mural paintings of all known corridor tombs 3 parts of the tomb corridor antechamber and main chamber 4 people were buried there although the bones were not recovered in the tomb Mural in exam slides depicts 5 horses with tiny riders believed to be the deceased spirits which introduced the idea of travel in the afterlife Bows quivers and shields are painted before the exit from the main chamber introducing the idea of keeping the deceased in the afterlife rather than providing them with protection Constellations painted on the ceiling and towards the back of the main chamber serve as a way to orient the spirit Mural Painting from Takamatsuzuka Tumulus Kofun Exam Slides pg 6 Tomb was also discovered by accident and one wall was destroyed in the process Overall much smaller than previous examples the corridor is short and the main chamber is just big enough for the sarcophagus Also has mural paintings but the style and content is much more modern than previous examples and the walls are plastered white Different directional motifs from previous examples 4 animals representing the 4 directions sun and moon and constellations Attendants pictured in the exam slides wore heavy colorblocked garments with long skirts and frills loosely tied they wore makeup and had plump faces their hair was tied back Closing Notes These types of tombs are similar in their mound shapes and in that they were built for important people but the methods with which they were built and their ornamentation are different Photos of these pieces have been posted in the Exam Slides on Canvas
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