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International Relations and World Politics

by: Raegan Effertz

International Relations and World Politics POLI 150

Marketplace > University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill > Political Science > POLI 150 > International Relations and World Politics
Raegan Effertz
GPA 3.83

Thomas Oatley

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Thomas Oatley
Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raegan Effertz on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 150 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by Thomas Oatley in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/228873/poli-150-university-of-north-carolina-chapel-hill in Political Science at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.

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Date Created: 10/25/15
TEST NOTES FOR T1 9292011 72600 PM Mandelbaum David s Friend Goliath 0 Military presence solves security for others Responsibility assumed Navy patrols shipping rolesfree and fair trade Supplies world s currency Consumer of last resort always a market Keeps oil flowing into industrial economies o US as hegemon provides the central components of order 0 O O O O O Ferguson A world without power o The importance of hegemony o World without hegemon likely to be world without order 0 Waning empires 0 Religious fanaticism 0 Economic plunder and pillage stagnation o Decline of US as hegemon is not replaced by multipolarity but it would be global insecurity and disorder o Things that limit the effectiveness of the us as a hegemon 0 Growing dependence on foreign capital to finance consumption Deficit relates to troop levels Attention deficit focus is spread too thin O O Barnett The Pentagon s New Map o World split in two 0 Functioning core 0 Gap o Security in the core is a consequence of having strong local ties with us military strong ties with global economy TED VIDEO 0 World has problems transitioning to peace after war 0 Problems translating will into action Mostly US Burley Regulating the World Multilateralism International Law and the Projection of the New Deal Regulatory state The US shaped the world gov t in their image New Dealism on a global scale 0 Agencies institutionalized similarly to US agencies 0 Argued that the president didn t know the difference in shaping a country domestically and a world internationally The US was already in the World s problems Frieden Lake Schultz Interactions Why Can t an Actor Always Get What It Wants Actors have to anticipate the likely choices of others and to take those choices into account when making their own decisions Interactions the ways in which the choices of two or more actors combine to produce political outcomes Cooperation an interaction in which two or more actors adopt policies that make at least one actor better off relative to the status quo without making the others worse off Bargaining an interaction in which actors must choose outcomes that make one better off at the expense of another Bargaining is redistributive it involves allocating a fixed sum or value between different actors Coordination a type of cooperative interaction in which actors benefit from all making the same choices and subsequently have no incentive to not comply Collaboration a type of cooperative interaction in which actors gain from working together but nonetheless have incentives to not comply with an agreement Public goods individually and socially desirable goods that are nonexcludable and nonrival in consumption such as national defense Collective action problems obstacles to cooperation that occur when actors have incentives to collaborate but each acts in anticipation that others will pay the costs of cooperation Free ride to fail to contribute to a public good while benefiting from the contributions of others Iteration repeated interactions with the same partners Linkage the linking of cooperation on one issue to interactions oj a second issue Power the ability of Actor A to get Actor B to do something that B would otherwise not do the ability to get the other side to make concessions and to avoid having to make concessions oneself Coercion the threat or imposition of costs on other actors in order to change their behavior Means of international coercion include military force economic sanctions and embargos Outside options the alternatives to bargaining with a specific actor Agendasetting power a first mover advantage that helps an actor to secure a more favorable bargain Institutions sets of rules known and shared by the community that structure political interactions in specific ways Anarchy the absence of central authority with the ability to ake and enforce laws that bind all actors Klare Wealth Resources and Power The Changing Parameters of Global Security o The late 19405 until 1990 the overarching goal of US strategy was to create and maintain a global sytsem of alliances capable of containing and if necessary defeating the Soviet Union o Econocentric approach to national security o Demand is outweighing production of natural resources 0 Oil and water 0 There will be conflict over this 0 Realization of shortages will cause issues and stresses for the international system Growing divide of rich and poor in developing countries Resource wars conflicts that revolve to a significant degree over the prursuit or possession of critical materials 0 There will be conflict over oil there already is The frequency and character of warfare will depend on the relative weight and the interplay of three key factors The political and strategic environment in which decisions over resource issues are made The future relationship between demand and supply The geography of oil production and distribution For oil importing countries the safe delivery of oil is the basis of their economic security For oil exporters however the possession of oil dominates economic thinking Five leading oil producers 0 Saudi Arabia 0 Iraq 0 The UAE 0 Kuwait 0 Iran Surrogate Strategy a policy of utilizing friendly local powers to serve as the guardians of Western interests with substantial US military assistance and strategic guidance from Washington 0 O Collier The Market for Civil War Once a country has reached a per capita income rivaling that of the world s richest nations its risk of civil war is negligible Every year that their dismal economic conditions persist increases the odds that their societies will fall into armed conflict Ethnic and religious diversity actually reduces the risk of civil conflict 0 Exception where the largest ethnic group constitutes a majority but lives alongside a substantial minority Countries falling between the extremes of autocracy and full democracywhere citizens enjoy some limited political rightsare at a greater risk of war Huntington The Clash of Civilizations The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural o Nation states will remain the most powerful actors in world affairs but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations o During the cold war the world was divided into the first second and third worlds Those divisions are no longer relevant Differences among civilizations are not only real they are basic The world is becoming a smaller place The interactions between peoples of different civilizations are increasing These increasing interactions intensify civilization consciousness and awareness of differences between civilizations and commonalities within civilizations Economic regionalism is increasing The processes of economic modernization and social change throughout the world are separating people from longstanding local identities The growth of civilization consciousness is enhanced by the dual role of the west Cultural characteristics and differences are less mutable and hence less easily compromised and resolved than political and economic ones As people define their identity in ethnic and religious terms they are likely to see and us versus them relation existing between themselves and people of different ethnicity or religion o Micro level and macro level violence 0 O O O O O Kaufman o Ethnic conflicts can only be solved with an intermediary 3rd party to save the day Come in divide disarm brainwash monitor leave Diamond o Tutsi and Hutu conflict description Bystanders to Genocide Norris Clinton s administration avoided responsibility of Rwanda by not considering all that was happening as Genocide Clinton proceeded to apologize for this though it was not sincere US peacekeeping failures and reasons I wish the President every success in these vital endeavors but I want to be clear that good intentions will not suffice I like many others firmly believe that this country has a fundamental duty to combat genocide and war crimes If Presi dent Obama is unwilling to fulfill that charge then he should and will pay a growing political price for such intransigence Matthews 2008 R2P Responsibility to Protect The Report highlights the priority of prevention of crimes 141 against humanity and the need for an quotearly warning systemquot n22 Once prevention fails and crimes against humanity are taking place states have a responsibility to react n23 After the crimes have been brought to a stop the international community has a responsibility to rebuild by assisting in reconstruction and recon ciliation helping to build a durable peace and promoting good governance and sustainable development The second paragraph affirmed that the international community through the UN quotHas the responsibility to use appropriate diplomatic humanitarian and other peaceful means to help protect populations from genocide war crimes ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanityquot If peaceful means are inadequate and national authorities are manifestly failing to protect their populations from such crimes the international community declared that it is prepared to take collective military action through the Security Council in a timely and decisive manner Finally the General Assembly stressed the need for it to quotcontinue consideration of the responsibility to protect and its implications bearing in mind the principles of the UN Charter and international lawquot o Many scholars view RZP as the most comprehensive framework for approaching humanitarian intervention ever put forth o Some commentators are skeptical of the RZP Report and consider it dangerously disrespectful of current international law o Others claim that it merely legitimizes the status quo by relying on the Security Council as the primary authorizing body The Security Demographic o Basically most statistics show civil wars have much more to them than just a small dispute It s mainly due to ethnic issues or conflicts 9292011 72600 PM 9292011 72600 PM


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