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Introduction to Comparative Politics

by: Gage Jerde

Introduction to Comparative Politics POLI 130

Gage Jerde
GPA 3.71
Intro to Comparative Politics
Xi Chen

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Intro to Comparative Politics
Xi Chen
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gage Jerde on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLI 130 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by Xi Chen in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Intro to Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.

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Date Created: 10/25/15
927 Regime type Module 3 Democracy and Democratization Module 4 Nondemocracy Classify regime types Important political question Democracy Strong Normative Power Talk about something really good positive something you cannot criticize People generally believe democracy better than non Historically no People in the past criticize democracy as not the best Now no one questions the legitimacy of democracy Democracy a broad concept School department democracy llA way to deal with public affairs Centralized decision making could be more convenient llFaculty meeting goes endless everyone is eloquent enough in poli dept to argue his or her own point I Nondemocracy STABLE consider Iraq Iraq turned violent after American intervention Segmented based on democracy But democracy is generally agreed least problematic system in the long term Short term hard to manage risks or crises cannot respond quickly People pointed to China as an example a nondemocracy that can render a solution so quickly Democracy International Competition crises But long term overall Better But a question debatable Not a question that we never think about alternative Definition of democracy long history Aristotle Politics distinguishes several regime types Still in use We are still following Aristotle llA democracy exists whenever those who are free and are not welloff being in the majority are in sovereign control of government an oligarchy when control lies with the rich and better born these being fewquot Demo Cracy America Ordinary Aristotle s time City State Now Nation State we need to have representative democracy Collectively we have big power We use this power through our representatives Ideal vs Procedural Definition quotA political system in which the members regard one another as political equals are collectively sovereign and possess all the capacities resources and institutions they need in order to govern themselvesquot Need resources to govern themselves Procedural Definitions Schumpeter llInstitutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions in which individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for the people s votequot Elites make decisions Citizens don t pretend that you are as powerful as Obama Sometimes you know yet don t know for the rest I y In US People vote elites win H 39 H t that s 39 s 39 39 39 39 There s no right or wrong but this definition is not really useful We should judge definitions by their applicability Schmitteramp Karl llModern Political Democracy is a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their actions in the public realm by citizens acting indirectly through the competition and cooperation of their elected representativesquot Different from Schumpeter s definition People hold rulers accountable Still an elitist definition Elitist make decisions but ordinary people can hold them accountable Polyarchy Robert Dahl Public Contesta tion Polyarchy Term made by Dahl avoided the term democracyquot Democracy in reality Competitive Oligarchy Democratic Politicians compete but only a small number of people participate in the game Closed Inclusive Hegemony Hegemony No contestation USSR many participate but no people can test the ruler or the ruling party Inclusiveness of Participation Key dimension of Democracy by Aristotle Only small number included Not democratic Poliarchy s Institutional Guarantees Citizen s Opportunities Formulate Preferences Signify Preferences Have Preferences weighted equally in conduct of government WPP P 9 9 Freedom to form and join organizations Freedom of expression Right to vote Eligibility for public office Right of political leaders to compete for support Alternative sources of information Free and fair elections Institutions for making government policies depend on votes and other expressions of preference III Citizens get an opportunity to formulate what they want what institutions gonna be helpful Lawgtpr Alternative sources of information lln censored countries your info will be limited and biased Freedom to form and join organizations llFormulate preferences in organizations Right to vote Right of political leaders to compete for support Eligibility for public office Schmitter and Karl s Additions 1 2 Popular elected officials must be able to exercise their constitutional powers without being subjected to overriding albeit informal opposition from unelected officials The polity must be selfgoverning it must be able to act independently of constraints imposed by some other overarching political system France Germany still democracy


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