Week 1 Notes in History of Art
Week 1 Notes in History of Art 2002
Popular in Western Art 2
Popular in Art
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Boyer on Friday January 16, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2002 at Ohio State University taught by Carol Boram-Hays in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see Western Art 2 in Art at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 01/16/15
14th Century Italy 0 Italy still in uenced by the Byzantines the dominant power at the time and gothic style 0 Also known as the ProtoRenaissance period 0 Previous to this time art was at 0 During this time art became more naturalistic o Naturalistic three dimensional shadows are more accurate and present more accurate proportions Politically at the time Italy was controlled by a series of citystates with a very strong presence of the Catholic Church and Pope Encounters a resurgence in classical interest ie Aristotle which places emphasis on humanism o Humanism one may choose to draw a live model rather than drawing a person s picture found in a book Pulpit of the Bapistry of Pisa Nicola Pisano 1260 Panels have classical feel to them 0 Show scenes of Christ Largest figuremost important 0 Marble was a common plentiful medium in Italy The Annunciation Simone Martini 1333 Altarpiece piece placed on altar generally representing biblical story 0 Has angel telling Mary she will bear a child 0 In uenced by French trip using International School Style 0 International School Style re ective deep gold glass glittery etc Gives some depth some personality seen on gures sense of luxury and elegance 0 Symbols 0 Blooming white lilies in a vase White Purity Budding Lilies Christ child coming into existence Grape Vines on Vase Blood of Christ for Communion Allegory of Good Government Peaceful City and Peaceful Country Ambrogio Lorenzetti 133840 Peaceful city or country paintings depicted to demonstrate proper ways to run peaceful government Ciennacity area painted Shows people of variety of social classes in city 0 Does good job depicting people in buildings and adds nice sense of depth Peaceful country part has rolling hills to help illustrate depth 0 Allegorical Figure Angel with sign reading quotKeep Things Peacefulquot Idea of prosperity that comes through peace Closest gures larger than those further away depth Arena Chapel Padua Giotto 1305 especially lamentation 0 Also known as Scorvini Chapel 0 Fake marble panels 0 Images cover from oor through ceiling o Lamentation one of the panels shows gures holding Christ after he has been removed from the cross very realistic Early Renaissance in Northern Europe 13901515 Ruled by Kings and Queens that were sometimes overthrown 0 Increasing urbanization resulted in an increasing ability of the artist A rise in the middle class resulted in more people patronizing artmore art produced 0 Medici Family family of bankers in the north in the 15th Century Very wealthy their money spread throughout Europe Bruges Netherlands was an important art city at this time Generally had art in smaller scales such as books unlike the massive art pieces from Italy 0 Oil painting discovered in Northern Europe at this time Advantages 0 Paint stays soft longer have more time to paint 0 Can create ne lines sharp details 0 Oil helps intensify colors and give the painting a shine Well of Moses Claus Sluter 13951406 FountainWell Very realistic with accurate textures Shows the ve prophets that foretell the coming of Christ one being Moses with Christ hanging above them Moses was always depicted with horns in the 15th Century due to a mistranslation in the Bible at the time stating Moses had two horns on his head 0 Not very complex positions of bodies obvious lack of understanding and representation of anatomy Merode Altarpiece Robert Campin 14251428 0 Triptych a three panel work main theme always found in the center panel 0 Center panel shows angel of Gabrielle telling Mary she will bear the Christ child 0 Left side panel shows the donors of the art looking in on the scene 0 Donors the people who paid for the work to be done then donate the work to the church Right side panel shows Joseph working in his woodshop Still lacking complete solid structure of bones in faces awkward bodies Good texture creations Symbols 0 White lilies in bloom Whitepurity bloomingcoming of Christ 0 Grape vines on vase Wine for Christ s blood and communion o Mousetraps Christ was sent into the world as bait for the devil 0 Joseph making a winepress Christ s blood and communion Giovanni Arnol ni and His Bride jan Van Eyck 1434 Genre Painting scenes of everyday life Giovanni was a member of the Medici Family was a banker Picture shows vows being taken in their home Have their shoes taken off symbolizing entering sacred place of marriage Dog in picture symbolizes loyalty Candles were a common symbol of marriage
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