Week 9 notes
Week 9 notes SOCL 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allyson Notetaker on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCL 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Matthew Pruitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
October 19 2015 Gender and Sexuality Sex the biological characteristics with which we are born Gender learned attitudes and behaviors that characterize women and men Primary sexual trait differences in genitalia and sexual organs used for reproduction Secondary sexual trait muscle mass body hair tone of voice What makes people have a not so clearcut o Androgynous look IntersexedHermaphrodites 0 At birth have ambiguous not clear genitalia or a combination of male and female genitalia Transsexual 0 People whose sex and gender their subjective sense of being male or female don t match 0 Usually feel as though they are trapped in the body of the other sex Gender Identity Disorder GID o Refers to people that are transgender as a disorder 0 110000 people born male 0 130000 people born female Sex Reassignment Surgery SRS o A way in which people alter their sex 0 Examples Adams apple body structure eyebrow bone etc 0 Female to male is the transition that is harder to recognize Cultural Issues 0 Sexual practices are linked to cultural traditions o Approaches and positions where people meet 0 Notions of modesty vary crossculturally 0 Restrictions placed upon openness The incest taboo 0 Mental andor physical effects can occur when parent s genes are closely related 0 Prevents sexual rivalry among family members 0 In KY you can marry up to your 2ncl cousin or further 0 Being related through blood are called consanguinity 0 Being related through marriage is called affinity Laws 0 Sexual mortality dictated by state government bodies State antisodomy laws 0 Laws that make it illegal to engage in oral and anal sex 0 In the majority of states these laws applied to both heterosexuals and homosexuals up until 1961 0 Lawrence and Garner vs Texas 2003 0 At the time 1315 states still had statues largely in the south 0 Law prohibiting consensual adult sodomy were unconstitutional o In a minority of the states sodomy had laws that only related to homosexuals 0 People still are charged with sodomy for statutory rape sexual assault and rape The Revolution 0 The late 1960s 0 The revolution had come of age I General attitude the pill women rights I Lessening of double standard today Men are not stigmatized for having multiple partner women are 0 Extramarital sex I 75 men and 90 women remain faithful during the marriages I Lauman et al 1994 found that 16 men have at least once paid for sex I They compare men who came of age in the 1950s with those who came of age in the late 80searly 90s I 7 men in the 1950s 15 men in the late 80searly 90s Prostitution 0 The selling of sexual services 0 It s the solicitation that is illegal Sexual orientation 0 Roots of sexual orientation 0 Mounting biological in utero information 0 Cultural effects 0 Cultural effects whether people act on desires and how openly they do so 0 Sexual orientation is not a choice 0 quotgay sheep 0 Dr Roselli Oregon Health and Science University 0 8 of rams mount other rams o Reverend Albert Mohler Jr 0 President of the southfederern Baptist theological seminary 0 He noted that sexual orientation is not a choice but still argued that it was sinful behavior He wanted to find a cause so it could be fixed Brain scans amp sexual orientation 0 Gay men amp straight women had symmetrical brains gay women and straight men had asymmetrical brains 0 Differences in amygdala connectivity Sexual orientation 0 Size of the gay population 0 Kinsey 1948 I People often use Kinsey s study to argue 10 of the population is gay I Not scientifically valid statistic I Kinsey did not have a representative sample it was a convenient sample 0 Laumann et al 1994 I Estimate was that 13 of population is gay was representative I The size of the gay population is higher in larger cities than smaller towns or ruralareas 0 Gay unions 0 Vermont was the first state to give legal recognition to gay unions in 2000 I Civil unions court order 0 Massachusetts 2004 1954 50th anniversary of Brown vs Board of education 0 Loving vs Virginia 1967 Supreme court ruled laws prohibiting interracial marriages were unconstitutional o 1996 congress passed the defense of marriage act DOMA 1 Federal government will not give legal recognition to gay unions 2 States do not have to give legal recognition to gay unions of other states 0 United States vs Windsor 2013 I Unconstitutional for the federal government to not give recognition to gay unions this act changed that o Obergefell vs Hodges 2015 I All states have to give recognition to gay unions 0 Employment protection 0 Sexual orientation is not protected under federal law 0 Race religion age amp gender are protected under federal law 0 21 states amp DC do provide employment protection based on sexual orientation
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