Design Graphics IAR 122
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Date Created: 10/25/15
DONALD DESKEY i City Musi Hall 1 932 ed 7 Donald Deskey Design for Sportshack Table Lamp Table 1932 1940 illustration board 1927 Vital Statistics 1894 1989 0 He is born in Blue Earth Minnesota 0 In 1914 he attends the California School of Fine Arts However in 1915 he studies architecture at the University of California Berkley but he leaves in1919 for VWVI even though he never goes overseas 0 He moves to New York in 1923 but left soon for Paris with a friend where he studied painting and worked as a graphic designer 0 In 1926 he returns to New York and starts his designer career working as a furniture interior graphic and industrial designer He receives his first commission from the Franklin Simon department store for modern display windows which incorporated new industrial materials This innovative use of new materials was to continue throughout his career He also works for furniture designer Paul Frankl and designs window displays at Saks Fifth Avanue 0 From 19271931 he opens his own firm with Phillip Vollmer specializing in furniture and lightning 0 In the 1946 he starts a graphic design firm called Donald Deskey Associates In this period of the 1940 s and the 1950 s he turns toward product design and packaging design abandoning furniture design altogether during this time 0 Donald Deskey Associates was first listed in Manhattan additional branches were later established in London Brussels Milan Copenhagen Stockholm His company still exists successfully today Quote MODERN has settled itself into a perioda transitory one but nevertheless definite enough to be recognized and accepted DONALD DESKEY i City Musi Hall 1 932 ed 7 Donald Deskey Design for Sportshack Table Lamp Table 1932 1940 illustration board 1927 TheoryPhilosophy Donald Deskey is one of most famous names in American Modern design He is considered as one of the founders and strong promoters of American Modernism for the public He did notjust want to copy the European ways even though he enjoyed his experience with the Bauhaus in Dessau Germany but want to create a distinctive American style His goal was to elevate the modern style into an extensive contemporary life with all the glory and lushness design has to offer He rejected the pure technical rationality so many modern architects persued and was constantly looking for new ideas techniques and materials Nevertheless he was not willing to let standards and comfort get into the way of elegance grace notability and most of all innovation Significant Works V ndow Displays for Franklin SimonampCo and SaksampCompany New York 192627 Helena Rubenstein Apartment New York 1930 Interiors of Radio City Music Hall Rockefeller Center New York 1932 Interiors of the International Casino New York 1937 Development of Weldtex United States Plywood Corporation c1940 88 Argentina Washington DC 1948 Half Moon Bay Hotel Montego Bay Jamaica c1954 New York City Street Lights and Furniture 195861 Designs for packaging and interiors for Johnson amp Johnson New Brunswick New Jersey 1959 0 Marco Polo Club WaldorfAstoria Hotel New York 1959 DONALD DESKEY Donald Deskey Design for Sportshack Table Lamp Table 1932 Benc io City Musi Hall 1932 1940 illustration board 1927 participated in a new movement with just a handful of designers to make contemporary furniture accessible to manufacturers that had been depending on Europe up to that time He carried this idea of mass production unconventional material use and simplicity into his career as an interior designer He developed a special kind of plywood called Weldtex and pioneered the efficient construction of massproduced homes which had become one of his interests apart from interior design Unconventional in his thinking and as well as his actions he then turned towards industrial graphic and product design rejecting the predominant opinion that no true designer would go into that field Deskey followed the beat of his own drummer and the fact that he created a very well running international firm in a very short amount of time proves that he was nevertheless highly respected in his field It was Deskey s innovative vision that created brand identities for consumer products such as Crest Tide Clorox Johnson and Johnson and Burnswick that are still in use today ReferencesSuggested Readings Fry C R 1977 Art Deco Interiors in Color United States Dover Pubns Hanks D amp Toher J 1987 Interiors and Decorative Designs of Donald Deskey United States Penguin Group Inc 0 Hanks D A 1987 Donald Deskey Decorative Designs and Interiors United States Penguin Bayer P 1990 Art Deco Interiors Decoration amp Design Classics of the 19203 amp 19303 United States Thames and Hudson Ltd 0 Dufrene Maurice 1990 Authentic Art Deco Interiors United States Antique Collectors Club Ltd 0 Druesedow J L 1997 Authentic Art Deco Interiors and Furniture in Full Color United States Dover Pubns 0 Johnson J S 2000 American Modern 19251940 Design fora New Age United States Abrams Harry N Inc 0 Gray S 2004 Designers on Designers United States McGrawHill Professional 0 VWson K 2004 Livable Modernism Interior Decorating and Design during the Great Depression United States Yale University Press DONALD DESKEY dd 1 I 39 gr Donald Deskey Design for Sportshack Table Lamp Table 1932 Bench for R io City Music Hall 1932 1940 illustration board 1927 Bibliography Fry C R 1977 Art Deco Interiors in Color United States Dover Pubns Donad Deskey Retrieved from October 18 2004 from httpwwwdexignercom Donad Deskey Retrieved from October 18 2004 from httQwwwidsaorg Donad Deskey Retrieved from October 18 2004 from httpr20thcenturycom Eva Forro IAR 122 101804