Popular in Principles of therapeutic Recreation I
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Niccole Giberson on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LYHS 3990 at University of Northern Iowa taught by Michelle Rhoades in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Principles of therapeutic Recreation I in Art at University of Northern Iowa.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
AppleBites Book Outline LYHS 399001 FALL 2015 Page 5 Attitudes are the Real Disability 0 Children with disabilities were born and then taken away and the family would say the child died and try for a different child that didn t have a disability 0 This idea ended when people changed their attitudes about people with disabilities Page 6 Disability is Natural 0 Disability is a natural characteristic of being human 0 If a person lives long enough at some point everyone will have a disability through old age accident or illness 0 15 Americans has a disability 0 A person with a disability is more like a person without a disability than they are different Page 7 Disability just a Medical Diagnosis 0 Everyone has a medical diagnosis whether it is permanent or temporary 0 Your diagnosis does not define your potential or value as a human being 0 Your diagnosis should be kept private and only shared with specific people 0 It s important to focus on the persons needs rather than hisher diagnosis Page 8 Disability a Body Part that Works Differently 0 EVERYONE s body works differently range of motion vision either 2020 or need glasses 0 All of us use assistive technology accommodations and supports 0 We should ensure that people with disabilities see themselves as equal parts of their bodies just make work differently Page 9 Disability a Consequence of the Environment 0 For people with or without disabilities our environment contributes directly to our success 0 A person struggling for sobriety will have to stay away from bars choose the best learning environment 0 A person with a wheelchair will need more open area to be included in a building 0 Environment changes everything for people Page 10 Embrace amp Use People First Language 0 Having a disability is just a characteristic of humans like gender etc 0 It is important to put the person first not their disability because they are first a person 0 An example is children with disabilities vs disabled children Page 11 Not Use term Special Needs 0 Term special needs leads to pity low expectations and segregation 0 People with disabilities are equal not special Page 12 Diagnosis Passport to Services 0 All people need privacy and dignity protected 0 Diagnosis only important to use within service system services legal entitlements 0 Impolite and inappropriate to use in ordinary environments classroom on the job in the grocery store etc 0 Diagnosis not deciding factor in howwhere person will be educated work live or play Snow Kathie 2013 Apple bites Commonsense disability Strategies for everyone San Antonio TX BraveHeart Press Page 1 of 6 AppleBites Book Outline LYHS 399001 FALL 2015 Do you know what it s like to feel wrong 24hours a day Do you know what it s like to be disapproved of not only for what you do and say and think but for who you are Joyce RebetaBurditt Page 13 We try to learn the person s diagnosis but associate it with the word wrong We should eliminate the word wrong when talking about people with disabilities Share needs not the diagnosis and reframe problems Page 14 Two people with the same diagnosis might not have the same needs Sharing the diagnosis causes people to have stereotyped feelings Rephrase the problems to be positive and make them feel better about themselves Stop Apologizing Page 15 Don t explain the behavior to others tells the kid it s okay to act like that Not the time to educate others protect their privacy and don t say anything about it Developmental Age vs Chronological Age Page 16 We generalize people according to their testing scores this then affects the way we treat them Developmental age is important for eligibility services but needs to stop after that Give them the opportunity to be their age and expect them to be successful Never compare to others compare only to self Page 17 We focus on what they cannot do this keeps us from seeing what they can do Don t compare to the norm Look for the progress within the person Every behavior characteristic or trait is not a consequence of the disability Page 18 We can t assume every behavior is the result of the disability People with disabilities are more like people without disabilities than different gt The behavior may be a response to how they re being treated by others Rethink deficitsproblems they might actually be gifts assets strengths Page 19 We need to rethink the things we label as problems If a person does something all the time it s meaningful to them Snow Kathie 2013 Apple bites Commonsense disability Strategies for everyone San Antonio TX BraveHeart Press Page 2 of 6 AppleBites Book Outline LYHS 399001 FALL 2015 therefore they re probably pretty good at it Let s build on these as ways for them to succeed Recognize and celebrate ability Page 20 gt Many have skills that aren t assessed in tests these aren t viewed valuable by professionals Though they may go unseen we must focus on what the person can do and not what they can t Page 21 Talents Abilities amp Interests Passport to Inclusion Focus on what a person is able to do and likes to do We seek positive experiences with others and this is most commonly achieved through the interactions with others who have common interests and skills Being included with others who have common life pursuits creates a sense of belonging and fulfillment Pages 22 Normal is an Attitude You are What You Think You Are Being different than others is normal If people weren t different the world would be a dull place and you wouldn t be able to use fingerprints to catch criminals Every word we say even just to ourselves make an impact They change the way we think and feel Because of the power of words we must be intentional to say what we mean Whether we want to admit it or not our self image is always changing Everyone has disabilities and abilities and this is normal Page 23 Know Me By My Strengths Abilities Hopes and Dreams NOT My Diagnoses A person with disabilities wants to be known by their name strengths abilities and dreams Has led to segregation marginalization devaluation and low expectations Instead of knowing a person by their disabilities know them by their positive characteristics Page 24 ASK ME Don t Assume Many people believe they know a person if they know their diagnosis Many people become passive and dependent while others become aggressive and angry Ask the individuals questions until you truly understand the person Sometimes you may need to rephrase the questions as to not have any small understandings Page 25 Listen to Me With Your Ears Your Eyes and Your Heart Behavior is communication majority is nonverbal Ask What is heshe trying to tell us Need for effective communication Page 26 Work WITH Me Not On MeDo WITH Me Not For Me Whose life is it anyway Work with Do with Don t be a Helicopter Helper Page 27 Help Me Learn How to Help Myself In My Own Way Doing too much for people with disabilities can lead to learned helplessness Become more exible and creative The best assistance is helping a person learn to help themselves in their own way Snow Kathie 2013 Apple bites Commonsense disability Strategies for everyone San Antonio TX BraveHeart Press Page 3 of 6 AppleBites Book Outline LYHS 399001 FALL 2015 Page 28 Walk in My Shoes Could you imagine yourself in someone else39s shoes or wheels Do you think your mind would change things for the better Imagine having your strengths hopes and interests ignored Consider you are a person with a disability would you want to be segregated or surrounded by people who are paid to help you or other people with disabilities Page 29 I have dreams Do you know what they are 0 Even if someone with a disability has an unrealistic dream you should still be supportive because even people without disabilities can have unrealistic dreams Show ways to help support their dreams example If they want a job help them find some job applications and encourage them to apply Explain to them the responsibilities of the job and prepare them for an interview Page 30 Your words attitudes and actions impact my life more than my disability Our words re ect our attitudes and our attitudes drive our actions Don t focus on the disability itself but rather the person and all of their abilities DO NOT speak words or display an attitude of pity paternalism or pessimism it can lead to segregation between disabled and nondisabled people loss of opportunities low expectations and more Always keep in mind the golden rule Page 31 If it s not okay for people without disabilities it s not okay for people with disabilities People without disabilities are known for their strengths and interests whereas people with disabilities are known for their deficit People without disabilities are dream big dreams while people with are told they need to be realistic We need to eliminate the double standard that we put on those with disabilities Page 32 Abolish the hierarchy of disability People tend to rank disabilities meaning one is worse than another These are subjective to different people one person s mild may be another s moderate A disability is a disability Page 33 Developmental or sequential models Kids learn at their own pace everyone develops differently people should try alternate ideas before they don39t let someone do something Page 34 Is not ready sometimes you might not be ready for something but you do it anyway just because a person has a disability doesn39t mean they are not ready for life some people just need a little assistance to get there life going Page 35 Expect and Encourage personal responsibility Do not assume someone with a disability is not capable of having responsibilities or being able People with disabilities need chronological ageappropriate opportunities and experiences in life to learn responsibility and how to do things on their own Snow Kathie 2013 Apple bites Commonsense disability Strategies for everyone San Antonio TX BraveHeart Press Page 4 of 6 QQ AppleBites Book Outline LYHS 399001 FALL 2015 By encouraging responsibility people with disabilities will know that others believe in them and that they can also believe in themselves that they are able Page 36 Inclusion is the natural state every person is born included Just because someone has a disability they are still a person and should not be seen differently otherwise People with disabilities have been excluded and segregated from inclusive environments which are needed to socialize If people are included in things when they are young they are more likely to stay included throughout their lives Inclusion is natural in life and is needed by EVERYONE Pg 37 Bodies and Brains Hearts and Minds 0 Most therapies or workers tend to work very hard greatly helping people with disabilities fixing or helping or improving people they are mechanics working on people bodies and brains But in the meantime therapies or workers may think helping people with disability is simple Therapies or workers may says harmful thing to them without knowing and that hurting hearts and mind for people with disabilities People with disabilities heard unspoken words toward them hearing you are not good enough or you are not okay that hurts them a lot but workers won t recognize it let s spend more time focusing on people39s hearts and minds to help them more natural ways by not saying things might hurt them Pg 38 Explore Natural Ways of Helping 20 are adults and 10 are children with disabilities It s natural for someone to have disability We need to do more inclusive activities instead of segregating the people with disabilities having children with disabilities goes to the same schools as children without disabilities and having the children without disabilities helping their classmates with disabilities his can help reduce social segregation and social isolation of the people of disabilities Pg 39 Eliminate Low Expectations amp Higher Standards In society people tend to have low expectations from people with disabilities but higher standards for them creating a tough situation People forget that sometimes people with disabilities can not function at the same level as those without and they expect them to be able to do simple tasks they may have trouble with or may take them extra t1me An example of this provided is a 12 year old who has disabilities acts up and gets written up as acting out and is expected to know how to behavior properly where as a child just starting preschool isn t expected to know his numbers or alphabet because he is just starting to learn these things Pg 40 Remember the Law of Unintended Consequences Sometimes be always focusing on the disability unintended consequences happen Example A mother focused on getting her son massive doses of developmental therapies and this resulted in her son missing out on a normal childhood with his sister 0 Examples Snow Kathie 2013 Apple bites Commonsense disability Strategies for everyone San Antonio TX BraveHeart Press Page 5 of 6 0 00 O AppleBites Book Outline LYHS 399001 FALL 2015 Placement the child may feel segregated from other students and may feel like they are not good enough to be put with other students TherapiesInterventions could give the message that they are not ok the way they are Too much help the child could become helpless because they never did anything on their own People need to make sure that even though they may have good intentions their intentions could be interpreted differently and could have consequences for the person they are helping Pg 41 People with Disabilities Want Real Lives Been in uenced for so long that quality of life is defined by the acquisition of functional skills When you are lying on your deathbed you won t be grateful that you could walk talk and feed yourself Relationships and experiences contribute big to you living a wonderful life That is the real meaning of quality of life Pg 42 Believe in Big Dreams High Hopes Great Expectations Parents teachers and others may crush a child s dreams by telling them they need to be realistic People with disabilities have lived a lifetime of no one having hopes dreams or expectations for them Don t tell someone that there dream or goal isn t realistic let them have that dream or goal Let them learn for themselves that a dream is not realistic or achievable Believe in people with disabilities have big dreams high hopes and great expectations for them so they can believe in themselves Pg 43 When You See Meet or Think About A Person with Disability Presume Competence historically we ve thought people with disabilities can t do things successfully they are then forced to prove they can do it before they re allowed to do ordinary things a lot of people take for granted also believed that parents of disabled children need the assistance of professionals people with disabilities can be successful too Pg 44 What Will It Take Workers always think like what will it take for so and so to assistive technology needs That is negligent or neglecting people with disabilities to be continues Snow Kathie 2013 Apple bites Commonsense disability Strategies for everyone San Antonio TX BraveHeart Press Page 6 of 6
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