International Studies week 9
International Studies week 9 INTSTDS 3350
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sean Bhatnagar on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INTSTDS 3350 at Ohio State University taught by Philipp Rehm in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
International Studies 9 Watched a video Session Germany Coalition Theory Electoral Systems Bundstag Lower Chamber Election And Referneda Signi cance and de otnns 0 Elections and referending are the two main voting opportunitie sin modern democracies 0 Elections Held to ll seats representatives in a parliament or some other institutions 0 Referndums Votes on a speci c issue to be apporoved or rejected 0 Elections are held 0 Elections form a link between people and their representatives 0 Elections shape legitimation by achieving representation and accountability requirement of reelection Eectora Systmes The electoral system is the set of rules governing the conversion of votes into seats Importance Eectroa systems have a huge in uence on countrys party system government coalition representation etc Eectora Systems can be categorized aong several dimensions Diemntions of electoral systems Formula District magnitude Intraparty choice 2 more Eectora systems formulas Plurality and majority formulas o Plurality o Majority Proportional representationi 0 List systems 0 Mixed Systems Plurality and Mjaority Formulas Singlemember plurality First past the post 0 The candidate with the most voltes is elected UK 0 More Electoral Thresholds Prevents very small parties from winning seats Duverger39s Law Majoritatian electoral systems favor two partysystems PR leads to multiparty systesm What explains Duverger39s Law 0 Mechanical Effects 0 High threshold in plurality electoral system winner takes all Psychological effects 0 Demand side Incentive to vote strategically 0 Supply Side Incentive for parties to merge Majority 50x more tan half absolute majority
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