Class Notes 1/15
Class Notes 1/15 HIST 0187 - World War II in Europe
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Mary Cooke on Friday January 16, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to HIST 0187 - World War II in Europe at University of Pittsburgh taught by Hammond in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 151 views. For similar materials see World War II in Europe in History at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 01/16/15
WWII in EUROPE NOTES 115 New Imperialism late 19th century Racist ideology manifested in this period 0 Social Darwinism justi cation for racial superiority Was also used on a domestic level to explain economic success or failure within a country Anthropology used internationally to try to prove racial superiority Physical anthropology used in Germany 0 EX study of school children found that 10 of German children had blonde hair and blue eyes Importance is that this type of thinking was present much earlier than Hitler o Seen in Africa India Asia 0 Present in most European countries NOT just Germany racial superiority would come back into play Racism was actually worse in France than in Germany PreWWI Two different trends in Europe 0 1 Trend towards peace and interdependence limiting of armaments Geneva Conventions governed conduct in war 0 1864 was rst 4 total 0 Established the rules for giving aid to the wounded on the battle eld 0 Establishment of the Red Cross 0 Development of international law which poses the question of who will enforce this 0 Need for the League of Nations later 0 1906 second convention 0 Deals with con icts on the seas same laws apply for wounded Hague Conferences 1899 0 First convention called by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia 0 Aimed to Limit arms buildup limit what types of arms could be used in war Motivated by the fact that Russia could not keep up with the rest of Europe as it was the furthest behind on industrialization Wanted to establish a more concrete type of international governance 0 Accomplished Prohibited the use of projectiles from the air worried about balloons not planes Prohibited the use of poison gas Prohibited the use of hollowpoint bullets expand atten in the human body Established a permanent court of arbitration in 1901 0 Step towards international law 0 Second convention 1907 o Called by Teddy Roosevelt o More progress towards international law 0 Establishment of the rights and duties of neutral powers in wartime o 2 Trend towards alliances and hostilities Alliance systems began to be created in 1879 Bismarck allies with Austria after ghting for years 0 Italy then joins this alliance in 1882 TRIPLE ALLIANCE Germany AustriaHungary Italy 0 On the other side Britain and France are great rivals WWII in EUROPE NOTES 0 Britain has bloodline ties with Russia and Germany 0 Wilhelm II s actions keep a GermanBritish alliance from happening Wants to establish a German empire aggressive way of doing this Builds up the navy which threatens Britain Arms buildup Wilhelm II wants an empire for Germany builds up the navy o Wants a place for Germany quotin the sunquot Sun never sets on the British empire 0 Tirpitz puts the rst Navy Bills through the Reichstag This threatens Britain Appoint Sir John Fisher to build a giant ship that Germany will never be able to match 1904 o DREADNOUGHT 0 Also in this year Britain and France start to build friendly relations 0 IronRye Pact 1878 alliance between industrialists and landowners Very unique concept Landowners agree to vote for industrial contracts industrialists agree to vote to keep tariffs high on grain Allows for the navy buildup to occur 0 1905 Morocco 0 Germany tries to force rebellion in Morocco which is a French colony Intention is to cause problems for France and weaken their alliances with France Back res completely conference is called with reprimands German actions 0 Austria is the only country who supports Germany here First modern genocide 19041907 Herrero 0 Germany wanted more farmland
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