Introduction to Archaeology
Introduction to Archaeology ARCH 2500
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bradly Koelpin on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 2500 at University of North Texas taught by Lisa Nagaoka in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/229129/arch-2500-university-of-north-texas in Archaeology at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
Survey How to survey 1 Find the comer of the survey area 2 Crew lines up at set distances apart 3 Walk a straight line until the end of area 4 Look for evidence of sites 5 If something is found stop the survey line 6 If it is a single artifact map and describe location describe artifact maybe catalog and collect artifact 7 If it is a site map site location find site boundaries map site boundaries describe site and environmental info take photos map artifacts at site maybe catalog and collect artifacts How to find sites Artifacts on surface Disturbances plowing animal burrows treefalls erosion Modifications in surface relief Soil crops Crop marks Subsurface examination remote sensing magnetometry soil resistivity ground penetrating radar coring test excavations shovel tests test units ARCH 2500 Post Processual Archaeology Started as a reaction to processual archaeology Criticized processualism as positivist and materialist At rst was antiscience processual critique Ian Hodder Now consists of a wide range of approaches Focus Interested in religion belief systems social complexity gender Study art architecture burial goods nonutilitarian artifacts Consists of a wide range of approaches Structuralism Marxism Postmodemism Gender studies All view culture as being comprised of individuals Pros Identify biases that we introduce into our interpretations More inclusive No one means of addressing Cons Particularistic Reliance on analogy
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