Geography Capstone GEOG 4800
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This 53 page Class Notes was uploaded by Keshaun Huel on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 4800 at University of North Texas taught by Lisa Nagaoka in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/229166/geog-4800-university-of-north-texas in Geography at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
Murrelet population decline Prediction of the Marbled The Threatened Marbled Murrelet Florida I jghming tom Smal sea bird Scientific name Brachyramphus marmoratus The focus and setting of the study specifically the birds on the coast of northern California up through British Columbia Stop the Decline NAAAAME OF LOVE Through this research it can be made possible to stop the declining population of the marbled murrelet to keep it from ever reaching the classification of endangerment Losing the Marbled Murrelet l 39 ll 8 x 8 1 i Threatened since 1990 in Canada and Threatened since 1992 US The current population ofthe bird is in Cali and BC region is around 88 thousand and showing unstable trends as far population size Currently waiting for the 10 year trail period to end for the official determination of the rate at which the population is in decline 2010 Delist it End goal for the Marbled Murrelet is to be delisted from the standards of the Endangered species act and to once again be in Murrelet Utopia To be delisted the species must show stability in their population as will as increasing number and contributing factors that led them to be threatened must show to be under control and no longer a major threat Linking the Population Decline The delisting of the Marbled Murrelet can be aided by identifying the available nesting grounds for the bird for future protection and by determining if a declining availability in nesting ground is a significant predictor of a declining population of the marbled murrelet Eats Home amp Making Babies The Marbled Murrelet is a small see faring bird living in the Northwest Pacific coast They eat small sh and various water invertebrates They spend about 95 percent of their life on and in the water only going inland to the coastal old growth forests to reproduce The birds will stay with their same mate for a full year and together they will only produce one egg Only rarely if the egg does not survive will they produce a second egg d x y Present The major area where the marbled murrelets are feeling a population decline is in their juvenile population It is estimated that in the early 1900 s 30 out of 100 birds were of the juvenile age where as currently 3 or 4 out of every hundred birds are juvenile Amounting to a 7 to 9 declining population With the major decline shown to be in the juvenile population that leads to a causation by some factor of reproduction Methodology method 90 nnkod The methodology of this research will yield to out puts Maps of available nesting habitat in the old growth forests Results of whether or not a decline in old growth forest is a significant predictor for a declining marbled murrelet population Not quite naked but almost as fun There are five variables that determine if the old growth forest is suitable for the marbled murrelet to nest Needs Limited Travel Distance Inland The marbled murrelet typically doesn t travel more that 30 miles inland in search of a nesting site so a forest within 30mies ofthe coast would be selected in the map Needs Correct Land Elevation The nest that have been found and recorded are between 170 to 1100 miles above sea level These regions will be selected with in the last region Needs Specific Tree Type There are particular types of trees that the marbled murrelet will only nest in because they have to have wide branches that support a sufficient amount of moss growth for the bird s nest since they do not build their own nest Among which are the Douglas fir mountain hemlock sitka spruce And the yellow cedar and western hemlock Regions supporting these trees will then be selected within the correct elevations Sufficiently Aged Trees Of the correct types of trees the must also be of the correct age Nests that have been documented have been in trees that are 300 to 800 years old Trees within this age range will be selected out of the correct tree types Needs Particular Tree Height Finally there are particular heights that the birds place their nests at so the trees will need to be at least as tall as 54 feet to 134 feet Trees meeting this requirement will be selected within the correct age GIS Forest Models The GIS map output will look similar to this The red region would indicate areas within the forest green that were suitable for the marbled murrelet to nest and reproduce These five data points will be collected for every decade of the last century 1900 2010 And the available nesting space will also be output in square miles Simple Regression Model With the data points in square miles at each decade they will then be put into a simple linear regression model independent variable with the corresponding decade population ofthe marbled murrelet dependent variable The regression will be run to find if the population of available old growth forest for nesting is a significant predictor for the population total of the marbled murrelet Creating a Focused Plan of Action By Finding if forest population can be used as a significant predictor of the marbled murrelet population a focus can then be put towards actively protecting and managing the regions of forest that the birds nest in knowing that the efforts are also actively protecting and managing the murrelet population The current 2010 map would also specifically provide the regions of major concern that the marbled murrelet needs to reproduce so that they might be better protected and managed Long Live the Marbled Murrelet By Taking action to the preservation of the marbled murrelet while it is still only classified as threatened The birds stand a much higher chance of becoming delisted all together and never having to face endangerment PowerPointless y Jarrett Smith PowerPoint is everywhere Starting a HighTech Business This presentation is published at eysuarg Jim Swanson Mike Baird comact info at rstonlinecom or eysuorg PowerPoint is everywhere f w 73976 xonanrm L 39 Ids 1 PowerPoint is everywhere Together we can bring order to galaxy di yei Come With 7 it 18 yo imi39wwi 39 We make information brainfriendly a Ourjob in part is to engineer learning and communication Conventional PowerPoint isn t brainfriendly 1M7 Unfortunately the majority of ppt presentations out there aren t helping make information accessible The reason simply put is that ppts aren t brainfriendly In fact often times they are actually creating a barrier for audience Follow three rules to avoid bad pp Today I m going to share some things with you need to do to avoid creating really painful presentations Some of these recommendations might sound familiar and in that case I d like to help you understand some ofthe whys behind them Hopefully though you ll nd some new things that will be of bene t to you So on with the show Use text carefully You may have heard that slides shouldn t have more than 5 lines oftext or something like that Well I m not going to give you a rule but I will say that text is a real pain point in most presentations Reverbiagizing Paradigms Focus Areas Optimized outcomes Timedefinite synergies Knowledge management Zerodrag functionalities You ve probably been to presentations that had slides like this This is what I call a slideument A slidedocument Actually Ididn t come up with the name but it s very appropriate isn t it Slides are not documents Gender lssues in Japan How has the position of women improved Focus Areas a El Evolving relationships I Normallzlng inleractinns Building a Worldclass reputation through strategic llux capacitor align ment People create slideuments when they treat their presentation like a written document that needs to stand on it s own The But good slides shouldn t be able to stand on their own In other words you should not be able to print them off as a handout and have them make sense to people who haven t seen your prezo Documentation is important but Powerpoint is not for documentation That s what Word is for So let s talk for a minute about why it s so important to avoid the slideument Text creates work Reverbiagizing Paradigms Gender issues in Japan How ha m the position of women improved Focus Areas Optimized outcomes Timede nite synergies Knowledge management quotZero drag functionalities People are visual creatures When you put a slide up their attention automatically turns to the slide and will not return to you until they ve gured the slide out Slides with lots of text take time to figure out bc they create a lot ofwork for you audience While they struggle to gure out the slide they re also trying to listen to you so they don t fall behind As a result learning and retention suffer Scientists have a name for this it s called the splitattention effect and it s something that most presenters do to their audiences the whole time Redundancy Effect 39 r at dwhen r sentersr ad their 39 Crg isiW enargs v apt amers read their sl39des39 slides B Brain receiv Cle lsFiwhu t39l sr ielvrgers read the r39 l 39 f s V 9amp EI39rlput from two sources an S W 918 letstobprocess it al Inpu rom two age i i i i aa mgcess it Cr a audience aUdlgn EEe39ates additional work for the audience The other problem is what s called the redundancy effect This is created when presenters read their slides The brain gets verbal input from two different sources and can t process it ef ciently This unintentionally creates additional cognitive work for the audience and as a result negatively impacts retention So what should we do instead Let s take a lesson from Bill Gates Here s Bill in 2005 Mains True p arming Calendars Schedu ng Educu Di ital Ll ester Communn n J u g emng This is Bill Gates in 2008 If you look at most of his more recent presentations you ll see that text is used sparingly It s very easy to digest the slide and then return your attention to the speaker And this is the key slides must be easy to digest so that they don t create a barrier for your audience Remember your slides are not your presentation you are In fact if they re done right your slides shouldn t make a whole lot of sense without you So instead of creating slides like this Women in the Workforce According to recent F statistics women currently H make up 40 of the world sk workforce You can create slides like this If you need documentation then you should create a separate handout Interestingly enough last week the CEO of Toyota requested that employees refrain from printing off ppt slides and using them as handouts In his opinion it was wasteful Instead he requested employees create one page handouts to accompany their presentations Use strong images Information processing is limited We re all familiar with 7or rule And what s the main idea ofthat rule why 7or 2 That s right mind can only hold so much at once The problem is we often don t apply this rule to ppt We tend to cram a lot ofinfo on a slide and in our presentation and then assume or hope that it s getting through In a sense we treat communication like a direct pipeline into someone else s brain We know of course this isn t true Instead ofa pipeline it s more like the eye ofa needle Even if you do everything correctly only a small portion of all the information will get through and stick Text does a good job of clogging up the eye ofthe needle and this is one ofthe main reasons we need to use pictures Decoration creates work Pictures need to be used wisely however Research shows that pictures used for decoration actually hurt learning because they give you audience something extra to contend with 80 never use picturesjust because you think you need to ll up space Instead use pictures that directly relate to you points 80 ifyour presentation was something along the lines of standing out from the competition you d be better of with an image like this than a generic feelgood image like this 20 Images do what words can t Pictures need to be used wisely however Research shows that pictures used for decoration actually hurt learning because they give you audience something extra to contend with 80 never use picturesjust because you think you need to ll up space Instead use pictures that directly relate to you points 80 ifyour presentation was something along the lines of standing out from the competition you d be better of with an image like this 21 Humans are visual creatures and we need to acknowledge that in our presentations A good image can communicate ideas and emotions that would othenNise take many words to explain 22 Sometimes we can use them to communicate an abstract concept like perseverance orthe love ofa parent 23 And sometimes we can use them to communicate very academic ideas like how Apple s iphone uses its gps function If you wanted to do that in text how many words do you think you d need The real power in powerpoint isn t in the bullet points it s the pictures lt s tempting to get pretentious and say that pictures are dumbing things down but that s not true A picture like this one cuts to the heart ofthe idea and makes it readily accessible Now what s so dumb about that 24 Guide their attention 25 Avoid excess It seems like the presenter is doing all the work but the fact is your audience s brains are working hard to take your understand what you re saying prioritize the information and t it within the larger framework oftheir own thoughts and experiences 80 it s very much an active process that s occurring Unfortunately many presenters make it hard for their audiences to know what s important and what s not Let s look back at that really terrible slide from Bill 26 Maps Travel p xnning Calendars Scheduling uc fl 5 quot K WM 139 a Li estyle 9 M 0135 wot 63mm g Edam o C Di ital m OHM BuyingSelling Let me ask you What s the most important piece of info on this slide Is it the big digital lifestyledigital workster text on either side Is it the fact that calendars and scheduling are shared by both What about these big orange people right in the middle of the tornado oficons Are they the important part It s hard to tell isn t it While Bill is talking you can bet his audience is trying to gure out exactly what that slide means 27 Focus Areas El Discovering new business El Seeking ef ciency El Flawless execution 39r Timedefinite delivery 39r Realtime tracking and reporting DEvolving relationships quotr Normalizing interactions Building a worldclass reputation through strategic flux capacitor alignment Now here s a more typical slide There s a lot of info here and mostly it looks equally important There s the text in bold but it doesn t actually tell you anything It just makes you wonder what the heck the focus areas are So the audience is forced to connect the dots and while they re doing that you can be sure they aren t listening to you 28 Do they know what s important Templates can really create trouble for your audience bc every slide looks the same Plus most templates encourage you to create really vague titles like the one we saw on the last slide What that means is that your audience has to do the work of separating major ideas from minor details something you should be doing for them Templates of course are nice because they create a uni ed look and feel and that s a very good thing You can use them but you need to build in visual clues that will help your audience organize the information 29 Slide sorter shows priority One way you can begin to do this is by spending some time looking at your presentation in the slide sorter view 30 39 sx yi mmlm FglmarIods squirm mum u J dJcJJA7LLAJJ J new VUEAEI WJJNWS BENI mun Wow Sla 5 19 quot WaxMr innmun lilnn n iwmm lo new Here s a typical presentation in slide sorter view Notice how all the slides look the same Now some of these slides have major points and some are just minor points but you can t tell which is which This is a problem In the presentation l m delivering today how do you know what the main points are Exactly the black and white slide with the brain on it It s a visual clue that let s you know I m starting a new idea Speaking of main ideas when you look at individual slides how do you know what s important Exactly the headline at the top 31 Create visual clues lglzl Us at a nm qux Dd 5amp9 mm w A I mg l n n m m 71 Jii m u m n In n u u u n n v m 391 sum mum 21 mm 9 ummn Emmaquot 11mm zlrnnnq uwM INCmum no mm So here s this presentation in slide sorter The slides are not identical and ifyou look closely you can see where the major ideas begin and end So am I saying templates are evil Absolutely not Just be sure to build in some ways to keep you audience clued in to where they are and what s important It could be as simple as inserting some bod pages here and there that indicate where you big ideas begin Get more information So I d like to leave you with some ideas on how you can quickly apply this to your ppt 33 Read Beyond Bullet Points 34 Visit presentationzencom mm In Tm back 0 ma napkin nhMmVVM h m m 39 quot S um i w w 0 lm 3 3 quotycwuwrn gnaw 11mm llwuslaq gmnm vawu quotgm 35
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