Geography of the United States and Canada
Geography of the United States and Canada GEOG 3100
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682009 The Bases of Regions Foundations of Human Activity Foundations of Human Activity 0 Today we talk specifically about the people who have shaped our continent 0 As much as anywhere else around the world North America is a coming together of people from diverse backgrounds Foundations of Human Activity o Q How recently did your family come to North America Do you know where your family lived before coming to this continent European Settlement ors39thiait influe ee He rei i Mi ll ll wIWImiwmxmmolmmwm European Settlement o Vance s Mercantile Model summarizes the complex urban and economic developments that characterized recent settlement last 500 years of North America 682009 European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 1 Exploration gathering of basic information on the resources and opportunities available in the Americas European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 1 Exploration gathering of basic information on the resources and opportunities available in the Americas Economic 39 Exploration Economic Information New World Example Spanish ExploratiOn European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 2 Harvesting of Natural Resources increased traffic and limited resource based settlement simply harvesting and transporting resources back to Europe European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 2 Harvesting of Natural Resources increased traffic and limited resource based settlement simply harvesting and transporting resources back to Europe Small resource Outgoing traders based quot settlements New Returning goods World 682009 EH 39 m Canada Ie Fort William Canada quot ple Fort William Canada European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 3 Emergence of FarmBased Staple Production Beginnings of more permanent settlement still focused on production for export growth of points of attachment European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 7 3 Emergence of FarmBased Staple Production Beginnings of more permanent settlement still focused on production for export growth of points of attachment New World W Industrial Old World quotquot goods g Staple Emergmg SCattered a goods Industrial farm1ng towns System 682009 European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 4 Establishment of Interior Depot Centers development of transport routes and interior centers distribute products to interior collect production for export Ri CE39Farzm Vefm ht ESt 1718 European Settlement New World Industrial m 1 goods Port Clty I E i Transport network 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 3 goods City 4 Establishment of Interior Depot Centers development of transport routes and interior centers distribute products to interior collect production for export Old World Staple Industrial European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages a 5 Economic Maturity Central Place In ll growth of an American market big enough to allow for a domestic industrial base maturing of the American urban system 682009 European Settlement 0 Summary of the Mercantile Model s five stages 7 5 Economic Maturity Central Place Infill growth of an American market big enough to allow for a domestic industrial base maturing of the American urban system New World Industrial Old World Portamp 1 goods quot 8 Industry 1 a VA quot Urban 3 Va Industrial Industrial system gOOdS City Similar Concept Stage Development Model of Taaffe Morrill and Gould 682009 European Settlement 0 Q do you think that the Mercantile Model is a complete representation of the development of North America What does rt capture well Any elements of llfe that lt doesn39t do Well h explall lll lg European Settlement o The mercan Ile mode I model Stage models are good at showlhg how we 5 rod h a Serles ot a stage 30 g 8 m m m g a 3 Mali Q m g 5 a r m c ahge or at what rhrg thappeh once the Seguence ls comolete Settlement amp Migration Today 0 Migra he permanent relocation of residential place and activity space 0 Q when does a change in location become a migra ion How many of us have mlgrated From where to Where How recently How many lmes Settlement amp Migration Today 0 Interna nal migra ns are the most difficult to make many barriers before it can occur ould be a barrler to mlgratlon wlthlh the Uhlted States what would be a barrler to mlgratlon lhterhatlohally Settlement amp Migration Today 0 Modern day obstacles to international migration might be classified under two major headin s 1 Immigration policies of host countries 682009 Settlement amp Migration Today 0 Immigration policies vary widely between countries Some like the US and Canada have quotas limiting the number of immigrants allowed in once in are eligible to stay 2 Cultural problems associated with permanentIY relocation Others like many European countries have no quotas but do not allow permanent stays Settlement amp Migration Today Settlement amp Migration Today 0 Many European countries have a class 0 A Key Point even countries with of immigrant called a guest workerquot similar systems can differ in This kind of immigration is a possibility important ways bemg debated in the US right quotOW Countries with similar economies and People allowed into the country to fill roles societies might still have different that few in the host country would immigration systems and priorities want Q what are positives and negatives of such a program Settlement amp Migration Today Settlement amp Migration Today 0 Example Canada vs the US 0 Example Canada vs the US Both Canada and the US have quota Of Canada s total 6000 fall in the systems category of economic immigrants In 2000 Canada allowed in 250000 oPeopIe allowed into Canada because they Immigrants as permanent residents haVe Skills needed in Canada 08 of Canada s total population The USplaces a different emphasis on In the same year the US had 1064000 Its 39mmlgratlon Program immigrants in the same category 04 of 064 of its immigrants are allowed in for total population fami y reunification only 17 are in the economic class Settlement amp Migration Today 0 Example 682009 Canada vs the U Bottom l39ne your cnances entry depend as muc destination as on your Situa on your country of Culture 0 Another way geographers look at the Sful im act a ani of migration is by the spatial analysis of culture a d cultural eatu as 0 Q What does culture mean to you What does it include What might it not include Culture Culture 0 The following is a quick look at a few 0 La uage an agreedupon system of elements 0 man life connected to communication of thoughts feelings culture in North America and ideas may involve the written Language poken word but also 39ncludes Rellglo other signals and sig EthniClW o Dialect a regio l or social variation of a more broadlyunderstood la nguage Culture Culture we attempt Another to map the dialect map lects of of Englisw English North North nca Amenca 682009 Culture Culture 0 Geography is an important element in 0 Religion a belief system commonly sha ing the communications oft e roviding answers to fun amental people of North Americ questions in life and the individual39s e within soc39e y 0 Religion connects to geography Beiiefs connect to actions Reiigions tnernseiyes both irngact and mm the places they inhabit Culture Culture 0 Ethni I membership in a particular racial or national group May be connected to knowledge and group39s custorns DelieiS and language Something you are born into not sornetning you cnoose religion in North We part of your identity as a person Culture Culture 0 The Ethnic Homelandquot Often overlaps state and proyinciai borders Residents often seek or enioy s e rneasure ot political autonomy or self ru e popuiations usuaiiy exhibit a strong sense Of attachment to the re ion Most norneiands beiong to indigenous ethnic gro ps 682009 Culture 0 A Few Examples of Ethnic Homelands in North America FrenchCanadian centered on the St Lawrence and Saguenay River valleys in Quebec Acadiana Louisiana French or Cajun people descendants of Acadians deported no4 n Q do the ethni cmhomeland regions shown here have anything in common mumnan m from Nova Scotia Inuit Nunavut IL Navajo New Mexico and Arizona quot Culture Ethnic Islands in North America 0 Ethnic islands in North America Small dots in the countryside o Westby WI is in the ethnically diverse US Much smaller than a homeland serve rural heartland as home to only several hundred or o Westby was a several thousand people Norwegian pioneer More numerous than homelands and the town s population today is Usually found in rural areas primarily Norwegian Ethnic Islands in North America Ethnic Islands in North America o Westby celebrates traditional events such as the fall lutefisk dinner and the May 17th Mia n W 0 However in many ways this group has assimilated with the host culture 0 Q how so 0 Westby celebrates traditional events such as the fall lutefisk dinner and the May 17th Norwegian Independence Day 10 682009 Ethnic Islands in North America 0 Q What ethnic islands do we have here in Texas 11 6112009 The Regions ofNorth America u The North American Core North American Core I Seeing and understa gerlghenf s ructure exlsting in the world 3 is a basic skill for geographers tne North American manufacturing core region Where much weaitn exists and i 5 ed 7 Megaioooiis mignt be besiviewed as tne core of e core 7 Soto ay We are Studying tne broader region otwnicn Megaioooiis is one part quotmm minim North American Core I There are a numhe of elem th N Historical Context r ents that make I The human and urban e orth American core what it is 39 i e We WiH ocus oniust a ouoie ofaspects nere i nistoricaicontextror egionai 2 internaionai form of the core region is a product of the late 19 and r early 20 ce t 39 growtn dimensinn nf tits in the region muitipie impacts 5 e Deveiopments in technoiogy e Deveiopments in tne economy 7 Deveiopm ents in Society Historical Context I Development shaped the region in several ei cnanging uroan form oities look and act dirrerentiy oeoause orteonnoiogies introduced oyertne past century 7 Q wnion teonnoiogies trorn tne period do you thinkhave rnost onanged ourrnodern Cities l Historical Context I Development shaped the region in several 7 3 cnanging sooiet ouryaiues and ideas are dirrerent today tnan eyen 20 or 30 years a 7 One key example is tne onanging roie of rnen in sooietye profound impact on tne Workplace and tne norne e Wnat onan es do you perceive7What is OK today tnat rnignt not naye been a few decades ago AI quotTr2W Historical Context I Development shaped the region in several 7 Q wny was tne assernoi iine so irnportant in International Dim ension I Another key factor shaping the core International Dim ension I The economies of the Canadian core and 6112009 e 2 cnanging eoonorn tne core region nas 7 Even the Sectors that have continued the 18005 have Seen oh i trorn ange tney Work different the development of North American industry integrated witn tne us core in both pnysicai and nurna notion GreatLakes act as a pnysioaiiy unitying i y power source opportunity for recreation 6112009 3 canada v V J Amy1 Lie 155 if International Dim ension I One example of this international relationship Michi an 7 he state most involved in traderth Canada 7 Total volume of Michiganrcanada trade 2004 was 48 billion 7 Canada accounts for 60 of Michigan s forei n trade A large gure when yuu U1an urme wunuwme marketfur Michigan s automotive productlun alone lm i International Dim ension I T reg al and international relatIonshIp extends to many areas news no or ers and reqmres a cooperative international approach to ma Solutions countnes butmtermso he economy cts just like manyothermalorurban areas International Dim ension I In some cases even local metro areas are international and yet in many ways work as one 7 The DetroitVWvdsor metro region falls m W0 I a Detroithinqsor 6112009 International Dimension International Dimension I Michigan and Ontario form the center of the North American automobile manufacturing industry Automotive production nal assembly as well The industry has spread to other parts of the as parts manufacturing is tighty integrated on manufacturing belt to a few select cities in other both sides ofthe border regions of the US such as Arlington TX and to The DetroitNWndsor border crossing is the Menu busiest in North America I In some cases even local metro areas are international and yet in many ways work as one Hub f til it International Dimension i an 39 Kai i I We will view a video case study now that explores how this industry has evolved with a new international dimension Case study title US Midwest Spatial Innovationsquot i I Looking at the coming of Japanese vehicle j fj manufacturers to a region that formerly was dominated by the US big threequot GM Ford 1 Chrysler awn ml Il1lll rm ti r n v i r The region has gained factories but something else as well l r unli m l Note the key terms and regional changes you see in the video International Dimension I Issues related to the international character of the region don t stop with the economy however International Dimension I The French culture is one of the largest minority groups in the core region ong history over 400 years in North America The QFOWih and Prosperity 0f communities Within Welldeveloped cultural core the province of the region is also linked to issues related to culture I d i Quebec an soc39ety i The French language dominates within this The region Is host to a Wide varIety of cultures core over 75 ofthe province s 7 million from regions worldwide population speak French as a rst language How can these cultures maintain their Identlgt and still a a role in the growth ofthe region However Frenchspeakers see their culture i as continually under threat Intemational Dimension I We will view a second video case study now that explores the culture of Quebec Overview of the situation in Montreal and Quebec l l Explains the framework in law that has been put in place to protect the French culture Watch for speci cs How reasonable do you think these steps are that have been taken 6112009 5h The South i i We re dealing with two regions from your reading that in this class we will call the US Southquot or simply the Southquot uexvco39 My 7 v TM Wm mmnun The Regions of North America The Changing South The Southern Coastlands E The South i i The South is one of the strongest regions of n the country The region has a welldeveloped identity Peo le in the re ion identifythemselves with the region People outside the region have strong perceptions as to what the region and its people are like El Q Why do you thinkthis is The South Quote from your reading e personaiityofa piace can be gieaned b arhohg ts peopie With ohe s sehses ooeh Q What sehse do you have ofthe personaiity of the South What eterhehts of the regioi i and M peopie makes it distii ict trorh otherpiaces ii i America The South Another 0 How do you think the perceptions ofthe South might be different between a resident and an outsider The South We will focus on two reasons for the uniqueness of the South as a region Physicai geography History The Physical Geography ofthe South The region s unique combination of physical characteristics accounts for the 39 s climate Latitude southern oorttoh ofthe country ei itii e regioi i is south ofiatitude 35 horth Togogragh fertiie coastai News and gentiyr roiiing terrai Proximit to Water next to the Guifofiviexico aho theAtiantic Ooeah The Physical Geography of the South These factors make the region s climate V9quot Long growing season Growing Season Map The outh39inc u e I l d s someicli mate types that are almost unigue to the region within the country Source usnA 1E The Physical Geography ofthe South l The Physical Geography ofthe South These physical factors also account for These physical factors also account for prominent natural hazards of the region pr Wntertreeze devastating rorcitms producers in Florida and sugarcane orodd s Louisiana ominent natural hazards of the region urrcaries as yourtextbook rea g say More s oradic more dramatic and locally more destructive tnan elsewhere in North Tne rniid Wintertreezes ortne region aiso America ii w many insects and parasites to sdrwe The e i andthrive not a prooiern in re t tne c as iltansas and indiana Ll o Me ico is an ideai generation zone rortne creation ortnese massive storrns Q have any ords experienced a ndrncane in person Hurricane Land Falls 19502005 i Nu anlNanvd hm Hurricane Land Falls 19502005 Hurricane Land Falls 19502005 Hurricane Katrina Hitting the Gulf Coast nanny nulwzsv muss55 Hurricane Katrina The Physical Geography of the South The Physical Geography of the South 39 As well as accounting for hazards the physical geography of the region also provides jobs Focus 0H 0H and gas here although agnounure rs another good case 39 Oil and gas accounts for three signi cant ac s in the South Proouotron 0H and gas Wells Processmr re mnr and further etroohemroal a Transportatron oroerrnes quot 1W39 39L sa girr s gm s s39 reg iopal mm ID 4 all and Namnl Gm Produnion in the United Sunni w v 39v m u u ry 7 I r l n u 39M39 n xn lzyugtrrlvi lanl n39v w m M Petrochemical Complex Pasadena TX US Pipeline Network The Houston area is a key center in the N t th I t t39 f Gulf coast refinery system 0 e e comp ex concen ra Ion o pipeline routes in the Gulf region The Physical Geography of the South One company s pipeline network Connecting the Gulf coast with the industrial northeast What s new now this infrastructure is also being used to process oil from other regions w ExxonMobil reversing a major northsouth line to transport oil from Canada to the Gulf coast for re ning Previous Pipeline Use After Pipeline Reversal Using existing infrastructure in new ways ef cient use of resources The History of the South The development of the regIon has also been shaped by its heritage 1700s wngofBrttts we mencans Arncans an Ca1unsreiocated French Acadt r A egtonai economyfocused on agncutture was entrencned ear1y1ntn1s oenod Tobacco was rst casn crop ro11owed by cotton 1790s onward I Nam mth was a and vimwhen ms mum 313 nllnn uNIlut39tupumh mm mm mm on M N n HuMmi my Mum int n n sandman 11 m1 1mm n 1 n r um I The History of the South Q What39s the disadvantage of having an economy that is primarily oriented towards agriculture Cychcai by nature booms and busts that foHthhe ups and downs ofthe enytronment and agrtcuiturai markets Devotmg rnost of your resources to agncutture eans you don t pay as rnucn attentton 1n otnerareas 1ow1n manufactunng sewtces The History of the South An agricultural orientat n also meant the South was slowt e A onrnantyrurat popuiatton eyen as tne cttes of tne North grew N ew York Boston 1n1870 New oneans nad 191000 peopie but on1y fourotherSOuthem Cities nad rnore tnan 25000 El wnat do you thwk a tack 0f targe Cities wou1d naye rneant for We try tne South The History of the South 3953 The History of the South Another key issue for the development of Differences relating to slavery as well as the South was slavery states rights led to southern secession Siav was primanwconnectedwith the and the 39 39l South because ofth arge iabor requireme t The warwas devastating forthe South bot ofthe agricuiturai economy ofth egiori d ring the war W St ba ies were fought in the Yourtextbook reading p 166 summarizes the region and impact ofsiave The pusitivE contributions or AfricanAmericans to the regiun The many destructive cunsequences associated with the institution or siavery The History of the South Postwar impacts on the South 2 destro ed infrastructur roadS buiidings w econom iack or workers impoverished popuiation ruined rarms and cities 4 extended R construction era Union Army in direct controi or the South trom 186571877 5 transcontinentai raiiroad moved to a Northern route mule being developed rst The History of the South The History of the South 0 if you were President following the Civil The blossoming of the South came about War what would you have done to get he wit a change in the region s e South going again Manufacturing base the region s farm output brought new kinds orioos to the region i rormer s and theirdeseendents iert the re ion rirst a few then many 2 s t E Nunh reincated El the regiun oeeause peopie were WiHirig to Wurkfnr iess pay The History of the South The History of the South Growth in specific industries Perhaps one of the single greatest Cotton textiles early 19005 examples of the emergence of industry in Steel early 1900s the South Hyundai Forestrr u mills 19305 and on South Korean automaker invested over 1 billion Electronics and machinery assembly 1950s and 39n CDnStrUd39ng 3 to assembly plan 39 Alabama Opened in 2004 employs over 2500 people in longterm wellpaying jobs Cities in North America Cities are the dominant geographical form of modern North American society Cities in North America are unigu unlike cities in ever other world reiion Why The result of a unique convergence of technological development and historical circumstance This module explores the city as it exists today in North America E The North American City System North America is dominated by its cities Characterized 4 y I r by a core and a periphery 39 t The Bases of Regions Cities and the Regions of North America l Cities in North America Geographers look at cities from two perspectives 1 Intercity systems how cities and towns work together to support life across a region or country 2 lntracity systems how the communities and neighborhoods inside an individual city function to make the city what it is We ll take a look at the North American city from both perspectives l The North American City System The core Highly urban including the majority of the key cities that dominate life in North America New York Chicago Boston Detroit Philadelphia Washington DC Toronto Montreal Highly wealthy often very visibly Many business opportunities Q The North American City System Q how many of us have lived or traveled in the North American core northeastern US states southern OntarioQuebec in Canada ls life different there than elsewhere in the country How so How not IE The North American City System The periphery Some large cities but widely spaced For example Denver and Phoenix are the only two major US metro areas in the entire Mountain time zone The periphery has pockets of wealth and opportunity but also many rural and remote communities with little potential for growth beyond what they are today The North American City System Important to consider how our urban systems are developing How did our North American city system get to be the war it is toda A few partial answers yesterday but let s discuss a few more today Where cities are and which ones have grown more than others has been shaped by three important factors The North American City System Density of population and urban activity makes a difference in life in the North American core Good things job opportunities services other social amenities sports teams concerts many recreational opportunities Notsogood things pollution congestion urban sprawl extending for hundreds of miles The North American City System Q how many of us have lived in what you would consider a remote place Where What was it like to live there What kinds of people businesses educational opportunities services etc l The North American City System Three key factors in urban system development 1 Clusters of cities Q whymight this The North American City System Three key factors in urban system development 2 Linear features Q Where do we see 39 something like this The North American City System Three key factors in urban system development Realworld urban systems are really a combination of all three forces working together Regional coverage center luster center 7 Tran spurt route center The North American City System Three key factors in urban system development 3 Widespread towns Towns and cities develop to cover a g Q 0 ion 0 I O O I O D E Internal Structure in North American Cities Now the other perspective inside the city How cities are laid out geographically is of interest to many people and organizations Cit governments Businesses Residents ofthe city Visitors to the city Q why might each ofthese groups care about city layout Internal Structure in North American Cities 0 How might a bad geographic layout have an impact on life in a cit What might a bad geographic layout look like Small groups for 5 minutes Internal Structure in North American Cities One profession responsible for making sure we have a good urban layoutquot is the planner Planners have responsibilities that go far ber ond what many eo le erceive Internal Structure in North American Cities When we think of urban planning we often think oftechnical drawings and engineering lans However lanninr is a social as well as a technical function Technlcal expertlse is needed but must be accompanled by pepple skllls Nutlustguud at matn and englneerlng Planners must understand the concerns people have about their communities Internal Structure in North American i 39es Plans have an impact on the social life of communi 39es Ol le lrngact landruse controls Ol l the buildings permltted in a communlty Example alluvvthe building farnlly homes pn halfracre la The 2n SlEal plan effectlvely decldes thesutlal makeup ufthe cummunlty of only Single ts Internal Structure in North American Ci 39es Plans have an impact on the social life of communi ies The Sll lgle lltll ld of dWellll lg allowed ll l tHlS lltll ld of development Wlll attract a Sll lgle soclal class Multlple dwellll lg types amp lot SlZeS create a dlffel el lt lltll ld of communlty Internal Stmctme in North Ameiican Cities shapes the social life ofthe c unity rl Important to see how this works beyond the classroom in actual communities l What plans allow and what they restrict Intemal Stmctme in North Ameiican Cities l Following are a few pictures I tookl39 some urb rl co ecentlyiof mmunities developed in Western Canad Se commul lltles Whatthey iook ilkel how velopers a e kll lds ofcommul lltles and lSSUeS are developll lg m and aroundthe Metroplex too Tyolgalcanadlan suburb 49g qerargge pools Typi39o al canadla n suburb De n e bar Dii taftion Typical Canadianlsuollrb Not 53 swag Friendlyquot Albsnaj l a slim ll ll s mu ullllmll lh Terwnlegar Town D v lo pm39em EdmomonAlbena reminegar Tgwne A Different suburbansocial Life x4 139 1 erwillegar Town Front39P ar ohes39 F39ac ilit ate Inter ac t ion 539 min rb Internal Stmct39ure in North American Cities o Arnenoan City has seen enormous onange overthe past 10 years Much ofthis has to do ne growtn of tne suburb and tne changing reiationship between suburbs and downtown Changing transpurttechnuiugies Changing Ecunumies Wnars downtown Wnars n the suburbs Cmes re oo m x and oeooie have manyideas about cmes and how they iook and Work Internal Structure in North American Cities Internal Structure in North American Cities E eiyohe has theiroWh ioea othow their cityis laid out and how it ought to be iaio out based Ori will view a video case study now that takes a look at an internal city service that we all take for granted W Where they quotquot9 here we put r stes and how much We Were they work recycle relates directly to our city pl Theiriricorne level Their social class ans The case study looks at two Canadian cities and how they manage their wastes it s often ll itel eStll igtO see how different people TOrOiitO Ontario think different things about the sam 39 y Ha ifaxi Nwa Scotia Internal Structure in North American Cities Internal Structure in North American Cities Questions to consider as you watch the vi eo What i etWo cities dOirig are their strategies and situations ditteie t7 hat more could they do e in the Video compare to What our cities are doing herein X557 What stops ustioih doing more in Texas 6112009 Megalopolis n We begin the regional portion ofthe course wi an overview ofthe key region or understanding the population ofNonh America B Megalopolis is atenn created by Jean Gottmann in 1961 to describe the unique urban region that dominates life in the United States Megalopolis Megalopolis The Regions of North America Megalopolis Megalopolis El Megalopolis encompasses the metro areas of Boston New York Philadelphia Baltimore and Washington DC plus the urbanrural Megalop olis El Back in 1961 Gottrnann argued that the Megalopolis region was unlike other ever seen in the world 7 and he was probably right El Today one way of thinking about Megalopolis is as a model for what might be emerging in a few places around the US Megalopolis 6112009 Megalopolis Q How many ofus have lived in or traveled to this region What are your impressions of the region I What would it be like to live there Work there Unique kinds ofbusinesses39 Anything else unique 7 nowhere else in the US Megalopolis El Megalop olis actually refers to two things 1 the speci c region within the nonheastern US we are discussing today 2 the development ofsirnilar urbanregions in other places aeross the country and around world Megalopolis D Q thinking ab out your reading for today 1 can you think of any other regions anywhere that are becoming like the northeastern U87 l 2 whatdo ou think 0t an anerging Taiaplai megalopolis in our region DEW Austin San Antonio Houston7 El Basic facts about the Megalop olis region 17 percent ofthe population in the US I 46 ofthe top 200 research universities in the US Tap Research Universities Megalapalis Ball inmm Washington Dc Megalopolis D Q Why are researeh universities so important to have so many ofthese insutuu n u Meaning furtheMegalupulisregmn What does it rnean for one region ofthe country 39 390 s7 is Meaning fur other regmns in the eounay 6112009 Manhattan Megalopolis El There is a great variety of urban landscapes Within the Megalopolis region 6112009 Central Park New Yark 6112009 39Exgmspsway Megalopolis El Your reading discusses the location characteristics that contributed to the rise of Megalopolis I Site characteristics I Situation characteristics El Q what s the difference between the two Megalopolis El Q I What do these pictures tell us about life in Megalopolis I What are the positives and what are the negatives of having such a great variety of activities within such a small area Megalopolis El Q What is it about the site of Megalopolis that helped promote its urban growth I Same question about the situation of Megalopolis 6112009 Megalopolis El Megalopolis Your reading discusses Megalopolis as a continental hipge I Goods people and ideas owing into Megalopolis from overseas many of which were sent on to the interior I Goods people and ideas owing out of Megalopolis from Megalopolis from the US interior to the rest of the world Megalopolis El Q I Why is this hinge function important I Could y region in the country do this ifit had the right historical circumstances allowing it to deve op El New York is the dominant city of Megalopolis El New York is what geographers call a world Megalopolis and the country City I A city unlike any other in the United States I I Bigger population I Different more diverse mix of people I Unique problems unique positives Megalopolis World cities are elite cities Very large cities although not necessarily the largest Possess key elements that give them in uence over life elsewhere on the planet El New York is what geographers call a world city Megalopolis In the 1800s and before world cities administered political and 111111th empires London Paris Rome Athens Today world cities continue to administer empires but they are nancial not political New York is a key city in the battle over economic globalization El The following slides take a quick look at some of what makes New York a world city 6112009 Me galopolis Me galopolis El Inside the World El NY decisionmaking citadel City Case Study of I Manhattan 55 of employment in the quaternary NY informationbased sector I The world s I Largest agglomeration of business services in the capital 6 5 million world employed in the NY I Command and control center for US and reglon 30 A m Manhattan itself 1nternatlonal bu s1ness Manhattan and the financial district E E Me galopolis Me galopolis El NY decisionmaking citadel El NY decisionmaking citadel I Vast concentration of decisionmaking activity I National and international hub of especially in lower Manhattan telecommunications major infrastructure in quotquot 393 region 4 I Stock exchanges and other nancial intermediary functions top tier in the world Me galopolis Me galopolis El But about the other half I Deindustrialization Poor wages McJobs Sweat shops bringing the 3rd world home Underground economy Homeless All that glitters is not gold 6112009 Megalopolis Megalopolis El One consideration in the development of Megalopolis urban sprawl I Your reading shows how cities in the I Megalopolis as in the Metroplex are spreading over the countryside I See particularly the Maryland case study pages I 8588 of the 7 11 edition I Q What are the issues associated With sprawl Can sprawl be stopped or slowed down How El Another consideration in the development of Megalopolis government Governments federal state local play a key role in planning and reg ating the activities 0 Megalopolis Huge role in the region as it contains the national capit Megalopolis Megalopolis El Another consideration in the development of Megalopolis government I ernments at various levels Work together to solve problems for the region and is ci 39es I Funding Who gets it how much is an issue El Video case study Boston We Will now view a case study that illustrates the role of government in the region Watch for D 1 The issues mentioned whatneeds solving u 2 what various levels ofgovemments are doing u 3 The role ofgeography in the case study impact of geography on problems what geographers are doing to help create solutions