American Government Laws and Institutions
American Government Laws and Institutions PSCI 1040
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This 16 page Class Notes was uploaded by Destinee Reichel on Sunday October 25, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by John Todd in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see /class/229172/psci-1040-university-of-north-texas in Political Science at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 10/25/15
Texas Political Culture PSCI 1040 US ampTexas Government Political Culture 0 Political culture is a people39s shared framework of values beliefs and habits of behavior related to government and politics 0 Political culture defines 0 the relationship between government and the people 0 rights and resl onsibilitJ of the 1 e01 le 0 obligations of government 0 limits on governmental authority 9 Texas Political Culture Key Elements of Texas POllthal Culture 0 Classical liberalism 0 Social conservatism 0 Populism Texas Political Culture Classical Liberalism 0 Individual liberty 0 Limited government 0 Free markets 0 Support for Civil liberties 0 Religious tolerance Texas Political Culture Social Conservatism 0 Use of government to reinforce traditional social relations 0 Value established traditions especially established religious beliefs and practices 0 Respect traditional authority figures such as business military and religious leaders Texas Political Culture Populism 0 Concerned primarily with the well being of ordinary people 0 Popular will is the chief virtue of a political position 0 Tends to support involvement of the government in regulating society and the economy 0 May also take socially conservative forms Texas Political Culture ImpllCaUOhS OT IGXaS quotO39Ca UUIIUFG 0 Low Taxes 0 Low Services 0 Texas Political Culture Q Sources of Low Tax Low Service Ideology 0 Classical liberalism 0 Limited government 0 Self reliance 0 Preference for free market solutions 0 Populism 0 Protect people from burden of taxes Texas Political Culture Response to School Finance Issue as Example of Low Tax Low Service 0 Texas Supreme Court ruled that the existing school finance system was unconstitutional because the school tax had become an unconstitutional state property tax 0 Response focused on how to devise a new tax system without increasing the general burden of taxes 0 New business taxes 0 New sin taxes increased Cigarette taxes 0 Emphasized reduction in property taxes 0 Little emphasis on improving education or the delivery of educational services Texas Political Culture Response to Budget Crises and the Low Tax Low Service Ideology 0 Texas has faced periodic budget shortfalls since the 1980s 0 Budget crisis response 0 Cut expenditures 0 Cut services 0 Avoid tax increases 0 Higher Education Example 0 State reduced appropriations to universities 0 Dere ulated tuition ermittin universities to ass risin costs on to students 0 Shifted burden from state to individuals Texas Political Culture Political Party System in Texas Has Emphasized Low TaxLow Service Ideology 0 Dominant Democratic Party Post Reconstruction to 1980s 0 Adhered to a conservative ideology as national party becoming more liberal 0 Promoted low taX low service 0 Republican Dominance 1990s to the present 0 Low taX low service 0 Social Conservatism 0 A transformation of the party system has not altered the basic approach to governing 0 Political culture makes some choices not available in public policy Texas Political Culture Key Characteristics of Texas Governance Flowing from Political Culture 0 A comparatively low level of state services maintained by a general hostility toward progressive taxation particularly any form of income tax 0 A generally anti union work environment 0 Limited environmental regulation 0 Culturally conservative social policy in areas such as education religion and civil rights Texas Political Culture Economic Implications of Texas Political Culture 0 Overall Texas is relatively well off compared to other states 0 Texas ranks 3rd in gross state product behind only California and NewYork 0 Texas ranks high on measures of income inequality Texas Political Culture Greatest Income Inequality Between the lop and the battom tarly 200Us NewYork Texas Tennessee IgtQgtIt k Arizona Florida California Louisiana Kentucky 99 99 New Jersey 10 N orth L39aroiina Texas Political Culture Texas Political Culture And the Texas Economy 0 Income varies sharply by region inTexas 0 The Texas border and the El Paso areas have the lowest per capita incomes in the state 0 Highest per capita incomes are found in the rapidly growing metropolitan areas of Texas 0 Houston 0 Dallas FortWorth 0 Austin 0 San Antonio Texas Political Culture Texas Political Culture and Texas Government 0 Emphasis on electing political leaders reflects populist tendencies 0 Dispersal of political authority reflects fear of strong government 0 Part time legislature reflects fear of politicians Texas Political Culture
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