New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

by: Selmer Parker

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy ZOO 3214

Marketplace > University of Oklahoma > Animal Science > ZOO 3214 > Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
Selmer Parker
GPA 3.68

Joe Highfill

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Joe Highfill
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Animal Science

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Selmer Parker on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ZOO 3214 at University of Oklahoma taught by Joe Highfill in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/229240/zoo-3214-university-of-oklahoma in Animal Science at University of Oklahoma.


Reviews for Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/26/15
Chapter 1 Analogous Cladogram Dendrogram Derived condition Extant Extinct Heteroocercal Homocercal Macroevolution Metamerism Microevolution Monophyletic Ontogeny Paraphyletic Phylogeny Polyphyletic Preadaptation Primitive condition Taxon Chapter 2 Ascidian tadpole Cephalochordata Cleavage Coelom Deuterostomes Ectoderm Endoderm Endostyle Hemichordata Larva Mesoderm Metamorphosis Monoecious Notochord Pharyngeal slit Protochordate Urochordata Chapter 3 Actinopterygii Amniote Amphibians Chondrichthyes Conodont element Cotylosauria Cyclostomes Dipnoi Elasmobranchii Gymnophiona Apoda Hema spine Holocephali Intervertebral disk Lepidosauria Lissamphibia Mammalia Metatherians Neural spine Osteichthyes Ostracoderms Salientia Anura Synapsida Teleostomi Tetrapod Therapsida Urodelia Caudata Vertebrae Chapter 5 Allantois Amnion Blastocoel cavity Blastula stage Chorioallantoic membrane Chorion Dermatome Ectoderm Endoderm Epimere Extraembryonic membrane Gastrula stage Gastrulation Heterochrony Holoblastic Hox genes Hypomere Induction Isolecithal Macrolecithal Meroblastic Mesenchyme Mesoderm Mesolecithal Mesomere Metamorphosis Microlecithal Morula stage Myotome Neural crest cells Neurula stage Neurulation Ontogeny Oviposition Paedomorphosis Neoteny Parturition Peramorphosis Placenta Sclerotome Senescence Somatic mesoderm Somatopleure Somite Splanchnic mesoderm Splanchnopleure Telolecithal Zygote Infraclass Eutheria Edentata Insectivora Macroscelidae Scandentia Pholidota Lagomorpha Rodentia Primates Carnivora Hydracoidea Cetacea Sirena Tubulidentata Ungulates Artiodactyla Perissodactylia Features of two or more organisms that perform a similarfunction common function Not homologous The branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals structure A natural evolutionary lineage including an ancestor plus all and only its descendants A branching dendrogram representing the organization and relationships of clades A branching diagram that represents the relationships orthe history of a group of organisms Denoting an organism or species that evolved late within its phylogenetic lineage advanced opposite of primitive Descendant state aftertransformation Uppertail lobe elongated sharks tend to sink no swim bladder Both tail lobes equal size salmon contain swim bladderfor buoyancy Features in two or more organisms derived from common ancestors common ancestry Features in two or more organisms that look alike similar in appearance Afossil animal widely distributed geographically but restricted to one rock layer ortime horizon defining species indicator of a stratum Evol processes thru geologic eras large scale evol of new genera and species owing to mutation resulting in changes in chromosome patttern phenotypes Segmentation Body divided up into dupicated sections Evolutionary processesthat can be noticed within a relatively brief period as during human lifetime A clade all organisms in a lineage plus the ancestorthey have in common therefore a natural group The course of an individual39s development from egg to death An incomplete clade resulting from removal of one or more component lineages The course of evolutionary change within a related group of organisms An artificial group characterized by featuresthat are not homologous Features possess the necessary form function to meet the demands of a particular environment before the organism experiences that particular environment Denoting an organism or species that appeared early within its phylogenetic lineage opposite of derivedAncestral state of a character Named group of organisms Urochordata ascidian sea squit larva doesn39t feed during itsjourney to find a permanent residence which it stays until adulthood Amphioxus Lancelet actually a chordate and also a protochordate A rapid series of cell divisions that follows fertilization and produces a multicellular blastula The fluidfilled body cavity formed within the mesoderm An animal whose anus forms from or near the embryonic blastopore the mouth forms at the opposite end ofthe embryo Outer layer of tissue nner layer of tissue thyroid glandulary groove in floor of pharynx marine worms protochordate has pharyngeal slits and maybe a dorsal hollow nerve cord enterpneusta amppterobrancha An immature nonreproductive stage that is morphologically different from the adult Middle layer of tissue divided into epimere hypomere and mesomere An abrupt transformation from one anatomically distinct stage juvenile to another adult Refers to female and male gonads within the same individual hermaphrodite A long axial rod composed of a fibrous connective tissue wall around cells andor a fluidfilled space An elongated opening in the lateral wall ofthe pharynx incl hemichordate cephalochordate urochordate marine feeders have some or all five characteristics no true taxonomic meaning larvalpeagic adultbenthic tunicates ascidian tadpole is larva of ascidian sea squirts also Larvacea and Thaliacea rayfinned fish majority of all fish gt Palaeonischiformesgt Acipenseriformes sturgeons paddlefish A vertebrate whose embryo is wrapped in an amnion include lissamphibio frogs salamander caecillians cartilige fish skeletons composed predominantly of carilage impregnated with calcium bone was secondary loss Elasmobranchisharks skate rays Holocephali chimera index fossil of toothlike microfossil basal group of amniotes includes all amniotes and and their sister groups diadectomorphs round mouth include hagfish and lamprey lungfish three genera living in water sharks skates rays no gas bladders placental mammals jawed fish with paired fins caecillians legless amphibians extension of hemal arch hemal arch encloses blood vessels chimeras thin compression pads squeezed between successive vertebrae bodies modern snakes lizards sphenodon and ancestors contia are snakes living lizards amphisbaena are legless modern amphibians including salamander frogs toads and legless type of cynodont therapsid hair mammary glands marsupials pouched mammals extension of neural arch neural arch encloses spinal cord small overlapping scales swim bladder fin rays gt 39 sturgeons paddlefish first vertebrates to possess lateral line syster inner ear with two semicircular canals and bony armor dermal extinct turtles shell with carapace amp plasteron inapsida fossilsjaws enased in heavy bony armor and head shiel composed of fused plates of bones four legged includes Parareptilia and Eureptilia diapsida and Mesosaurs extinct toads and frogs means without tail Amniotes with a single temporal fenestra bounded above by the upper temporal bar 39 ailharkedl large group including acanthodiansextinct bony fish tetrapod derivetaives Teleost arise from them four legs underwent extensive radiation has chiridium muscular limb with well defined joints and digits mammal like reptiles extinct ancestral mammals salamanders tailed series of separate bones or cartilage blocks firmlyjoined as a backbone that defines the major body axis reptiles mammals An extraembryonic extension of the hindgut of amniote embryos that functions in excretion and sometimes in respiration A saclike membrane that holdsthe developing embryo in a compartment of water Fluid filled region of a blastocyst blastula is the hollow ball of cells around internal blastocoel cavity The early embryonic stage that follows cleavage and consists of a hollow fluidfilled ball of cells blastocyst outer allantois and the chorion fuse to form single composite membrane trophobast peripheral membrane produced from amniotic fold A rapid series of cell divisions that follows fertilization and produces a multicellular blastula The fluidfilled body cavity formed within the mesoderm An embryonic skin segment from somite from epimere which is from mesoderm Outer layer of tissue nner layer of tissue Paired strips or mesodermal populations forming along the neural tube segmentally arranged as somites dorsal Intrinsic membranes that arise from embryonic germ layers and grow to surround developing embryo sequester waste products transport nutrients exchange respiratory gases Early embryonic stage during which the basic gut is formed process of gut formation embryo forms distinct endodermal tube that constitues early gut gut encloses gastrocoel or archenteron Within an evolutionary lineage the change in time at which a characteristic appears in the embryo relative to its appearance in a phylogenetic ancestor usually concerned with the time of onset of sexual maturity relative o somatic development Early mitotic planes pass entirely through the cleaving embryo Homeotic genes genes control lots of other genes and other downstream genes ventral lateral sheet of mesdoerm Stimulatory effect between developing tissues of the embryo Pertaining to an egg in which the yolk is evenly distributed throughout the cytoplasm Pertaining to eggs with large quantities of stored yolk elasmobranchs teleost fish reptiles birds monotremes Early mitotic planes that do not complete their passage through the embryo before subsequent division planes form Loosely associated cells of mesodermal origin Middle layer of tissue divided into epimere hypomere and mesomere Pertaining to eggs with moderate amounts of stored yolk lamprey bowfin gars amphibians middle lateral sheet of mesoderm An abrupt transformation from one anatomically distinct stage juvenile to another adult Pertaining to eggs that contain small quantities of stored yolk amphioxus eutherian mammals single cell to solid mass of cells Undifferentiated embryonic blocks of presumptive muscles from somite from epimere from mesoderm Migrate ot along defined routes to contribute to various organs many neurons chromaffin cells schwann cells odontoblasts part of meninges heart etc Neurulation occurs Nerve formation process of forming an ectodermal tube neural tube The course of an individual39s development from egg to death The act of laying eggs The retention of general juvenile features of ancestors in the late developmental stages of descendants Larval stages of ancestors become the reproductive quotadultquot stages of descendants The act of giving birth via viviparity Live birth Adult characters of ancestors exaggerated or extended in shape appear in adults of descendants A composite organ formed of maternal and fetal tissuesthrough which the embryo is nourished Part of somite that will be come vertebrae from somite from epimere from mesoderm Loss of physical vigor and reproductive ability aging apparent in humans but rare in wild animals Outer wall of hypomere Somatic mesoderm and the adjacent ectoderm Anatomically separate condensed clumps of mesoderm split into dermatome myotome sclerotome nner wall of hypomere Paired sheet of splanchnic mesoderm and the adjacent sheet of endoderm Pertaining to eggs in which yolk stores are concentrated at one pole Youngest stage of embryo fertilized egg anteaters sloths no teeth shrews moles elephant shrews tree shrews bats only flying mammal colugos flying lemurs pangolins scaled rabbits pika rats mice beaver ground squirrel chipmunks incisors keep growing must gnaw constantly monkeys gorillas humans lions polar bears kitties hyraxes whales dolphins sea cows aardvarks even number toes pigs camels cattle deer odd numbertoes horses tapirs rhinos


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.