Sociology of Deviance
Sociology of Deviance SOC 3543
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jaime Botsford Sr. on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3543 at University of Oklahoma taught by Robert Franzese in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see /class/229255/soc-3543-university-of-oklahoma in Sociology at University of Oklahoma.
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STUDY GUIDE AND PRACTICE TEST FOR EXAMINATION 2 SOCIOLOGY OF DEVIANCEl CHAPTERS 58 THE STUDY GUIDE ITEMS MAY CONTAIN MORE INFORMATION THAN IS REQUIRED FOR THE EXAMINATIONl AND NOT ALL OF THE PRACTICE QUESTIONS MAY BE USED ON THE ACTUAL TEST PART 1 PRACTICE EXAMINATION CHAPTER RELATIONSHIPS AND ANSWERS ARE IN PARENTH ESESI TRUElFALSE QUESTIONS 1110 ARE FROM LECTURE 1120 FROM THE TEXT General Strain theory GST is an integrated theory ST Child abuse is an example of the removal of positivelyvalued stimuli in GST SF The family is the most powerful social institution in Institutional Anomie Theory SF Robert Hanssen spied for the Cuban government SF Robert Hanssen is believed to have betrayed three Soviet agents 5T n Travis Hirschi s Social Control Theory belief means commitment to social norms 6F The General Theory of Crime Applies to all crimes 6T In Control Balance Theory defiance would include acts such as vandalism 6 T wwwp s eww H p Howard Becker s model of labeling includes the llsecret deviant 7T Richard Quinney argued that American society is a mixed economy comprised of capitalism and socialism 8F H H GST was developed to consider the effects of magnitude correlation recency and clustering on deviant and delinquent behavior SF H N In a test of llInstitutional Anomie Theory MeSsner and Rosenfeld reported that income inequality did not effect the rates of homicide ST H W Violence is the main issue in the retreatist subculture in llDifferential Opportunity Theory SF H 4 Weak belief in the law low supervision and communication in the family were reported to be predictors of delinquency in the test of Hirschi s theory undertaken by Junger and Haen Marshall 6T 15 The Branch Davidians are an extension of the Church of the SeventhDay Adventists 6 T 16 Power Control Theory is rarely tested because it receives little empirical support 6F 17 Tagging refers to the process of the deviant accepting the label of deviant or criminal that has been applied to him or her 7 F Sentencing circles Thomas Quinn et al involves the friends and victims of both the offender and the victim 7F The social relations of production would include technology and monetary systems 8F H 00 NI pun In their test of older women s fear of violence Meyer and Post used semistructured interviews 8Tl CONTINUED NEXT PAGE MULTIPLE CHOICE AND MATCHING QUESTIONSCHAPTER REALTIONSHIPS AND ANSWERS ARE IN PARANTHESES FOR THE MULTIPLECHOICE ITEMS 2131 ARE FROM LECTURE 3240 ARE FROM THE TEXT 21 The most critical emotion in GST is 5b N U39I N 9 Frustration 73 Anger c d e crying Depression Retaliation One of the three ways dominance occurs in Institutional Anomie Theory is Se a A class conscious political revolution b Patriarchy c Matriarchy d Violence e Accommodation of the economic institution Characteristics of low selfcontrol includeGTC 6c a Attachment b Involvement c Risk taking d Labeling e Goal directedness When the control individuals have over their own lives is equal to the amount of control exerted over them this is from Control Balance Theory 6a a Control balance b repression c control imbalance d exploitation e decadence According to John Hagan boys and girls raised in traditionalpatriarchal families 6d a Will both become delinquents b Will not become delinquents c Share the same probability of becoming delinquents d Will show different rates of delinquency e Will reject that type of family arrangement when they marry Labeling theory has its origins in 7a a Symbolic interaction theory b The Renaissance c Freudian psychoanalytic theory d Conflict theory e Feminist theory CONTINUED NEXT PAGE N I Clarence Schrag argued that Labeling Theory 7e Labels are unimportant in the lives of individuals 73 Individual thoughts are the prime cause of deviance Most individuals are nonconformists 03 In the labeling process there is the lldramatization of evil e No act is intrinsically deviant N 00 Secondary deviance begins with 7b Social conflict 73 Primary deviance fl Tertiary deviance d Deviance amplification e learning 29 Social Learning Theory by Ronald Akers focuses on 7e a Differential association b Imitation c The economic mode of production amp Primary groups e a and b Karl Marx argued that the proletariat suffer from 8c W 0 Mental illness 3 b c False consciousness d The flu The presentation of negative stimuli Differential reinforcement e W The video on Robert Hanssen implies his problemsdeviance probably had their origins in 5d a alcoholism b dropping out of high school c motherson conflicts d his relationship with his father e being bullied at school 0 N Suppose you re down and outjust plain having a bad period of no luckand you convince yourself that llthings could be worse According to GST this coping strategy is Sa a Cognitive coping b Ritualism c Behavioral coping d Transcendental mediation e Emotional coping CONTINUED NEXT PAGE 33 In their test of the GTC Gibbs et al found that effected deviance 6 b a Learning b Parental management c Inequality d Sibling relationships e c and d 34 The three scales developed by Carter Hay in his test of shaming and restorative justice theories 35 included scales to measure shaming delinquency and 7d a Anger management b Low selfcontrol c Learning deviance through reinforcement d Reintegration e Social mobility Willem Bonger said the bourgeois committed crimes such as 8d a Vagrancy b Robbery c Prostitution d Fraudulent bankruptcy e b and c QUESTIONS 3640 ARE MATCHING QUESTIONS MATCH THE STATEMENT WITH THE CORRECT TERM bWUJUJUJ opmxigs This is the cutthroat mentality inherent in capitalism This results in rehabilitating deviants by allowing then to remain in societyb Competitive individualism Reintegrative shaming Neutralizing definitions ogo39g Moral entrepreneurs Cult of domesticity 2 This is the process of justifying acts of deviance c a This results in young girls being raised to become motherswives e These are individuals with the power to create and enforce laws and normsd PART 11 LEARNING OBJECTIVESSTRESSED IS INFORMATION NOT NECESSARILYCOVERED BY THE PRACTICE UESTIONS AND THE STUDYGUIDE MAYCOVER MORE INFORMATION THAN WILL APPEAR ON THE EXAM CHAPTER RELATIONSHIPS ARE IN PARENTHESES 1 18 ARE FROM LECTURE 19 22 ARE FROM THE TEXT STUDENTS ARE TO KNOW 1 The three types of strainGST 5 2 The four elements that fuel and intensify anger and the three coping strategiesGST 5 3 9 5 9 The following concerning the video and lecture on Robert Hanssen Where he spied ie cities countries 72 The federal organization he worked for How he undertook his spying amp What spying eventually became for Hanssen 2 Examples of his spying f Other examples of his involvement in deviant behavior 93 How he was captured and by who The solution to the problem of institutional anomie 5 The meaning of the decommodification of labor 5 The rootsorigins of llDifferential Opportunity Theory and the three illegitimate opportunity structures 5 Travis Hirschi s four social bonds 5 According to GTC when selfcontrol must be internalized and who is responsible for this and the characteristics of low selfcontrol 5 The central premise of Control Balance Theory CBT and the types of control 6 The types of motivations for deviance in CBT 6 Why delinquency occurs and what is meant by the instrumentobject relationshipPCT 6 The four cells in Becker s model of deviant behavior 7 The nine elements of Schrag s application of labeling theory to criminal justice 7 Lemert s sequence of interaction leading to secondary deviance and the meanings of primary and secondary deviance 7 The issues with labeling theory 7 The nine propositions posed by Edwin Sutherland in llDifferential Association Theory 7 The major concepts in Ronald Aker s llSocial Learning Theory and his four hypotheses 7 The Marxian tenets and Richard Quinney s six propositions 8 The following termsconcepts chapter relations are in parentheses there is overlap from the lecture itemsl and expect matching items on the exam Justice 5 Institutionalanomie theory 5 Decommodification of labor 5 235 Criminal conflict and retreatist subcultures 5 2 Control ratio and control deficit 6 f Repression and autonomy 6 Cult of domesticity 6 Labeling 7 i Tagging and the dramatization of evil 7 93 j Primary and secondary deviance 7 Shaming and restorative justice 7 l Victim impact panels family group conferences sentencing circles citizen repa rative boards 7 Differentiation of the level of analysis 7 n Positive and neutralizing definitions 7 0 Mode of r 39 39 false 39 class 39 8 p Criminalization social norms and cultural norms 8 q Egoism 8 r Liberal Marxist radical socialist multiculturalmultiracial feminisms 8 s Doing gender 8 20 The following concerning the empirical tests of deviance theories chapter relations are in parentheses a The sample used by Broidy in her test of GST and what had powerful effects on deviant outcomes 5 b What variables Messner and Rosenfeld found to effect rates of homicide 5 c Findings concerning attachment to parent and attachment to schoolHirschi s test of his own theory 6 d The sample used in the study by Junger and Marshall and their findings 6 e The sample used in the test of GTC by Gibbs et al and their findings 6 f The findings from the test of PCT undertaken by Grasmick et al 6 g The three scales developed by Hay in his test of shaming theory and the strongest of the relationships of the two variablesshaming and reintegration when combined 7 h The findings by Akers and Lee in the test of Social Learning Theory as applied to adolescent smoking of marijuanawhat was more powerful SBT or SLT variables 7 i How Meyer and post undertook their research and what the majority of the sample reported 8 21 The following concerning theories of deviance not already covered by the study guide chapter relations are in parentheses a Albert Cohen s explanation for delinquency committed by working class boys 5 b The four structural factors that effect behavior in quotSocial Structure and Learning Theory by Ronald Akers 7 c Bonger s discussion of race and crime 8 d Quinney s six propositions from The Social Reality of Crime 8 e The most important factor in criminalizationAustin Turk 8 22 The following case studies chapter relations are in parentheses a Robert Hanssen 5 b Branch Davidians 6 c The War in Iraq 8