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Elements of Psych (HONORS)

by: Norberto Weber

Elements of Psych (HONORS) PSY 1113

Marketplace > University of Oklahoma > Psychlogy > PSY 1113 > Elements of Psych HONORS
Norberto Weber
GPA 3.51

Mary Elam

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Mary Elam
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Norberto Weber on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Mary Elam in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/229261/psy-1113-university-of-oklahoma in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.


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Date Created: 10/26/15
Chapter 15 Methods of therapy Psychotherapy a systematic interaction between a therapist and a client that uses psychological techniques to affect the client s thoughts feelings or behaviors Types of psychotherapy Psychodynamic therapy Freud Psychological disorders come from early childhood disorders and internal conflicts Psychoanalysis talking and spill out feelings and thoughts as quotFree Association and quotCatharsisquot Dream Analysis Dreams quotRoyal road to the unconscious Humanistic Existential Maslow Removing roadblocks to gt Self actualization Client Centered get in touch with actual feelings Non directed therapist does not lead discussion Gestalt Integrate conflicting parts of their personality Highly directed therapist controls where conversation goes Behavioral Therapy Fear reduction method Flooding flood person with fear provoking stimulus Systematic desensitization gradual exposure Modeling model someone else s behavior with feared object Aversive conditioning pair unwanted behavior with negative stimulant Operant conditioning Token economy Successive approximations reward close approximations of desired behavior gt shaping Cognitive Therapy change beliefs or attitudes or thinking of the client ABC approach Ellis A Activating event B Belief PROBLEM Work on changing C Consequence Group Therapy Economical Interaction with others with same issues Group support Positive outlook Encounter groups Alcoholics Anonymous promote personal growth Increase self awareness Couple therapy improve communication skills Family therapy brings in the whole family Biological Therapy Drug therapy Anti anxiety minor tranquilizers Anti psychotic major tranquilizers Anti depressants Lithium Electro convulsive therapy ECT major depression that doesn t respond to antidepressant Psychosurgery Prefrontal lobotomy Picklike instrument severs the frontal lobe of the brain Chapter 16 Social Psychology Ways in which the environment influences behaviors and mental processes Types of topics in social psychology Attitudes Cognitive evaluation Feelings Behavioral tendencies Learned AB problem weak relationship between an attitude and a behavior to increase the relationship between A and B Specificity more specific gt better relationship Strength of attitude gt Rested interest Accessibility Attitude changes with persuasion Message Familiarity BC Clark jingle Admit weaknesses Fear appeal Smoking ads Communicator Expert can change attitudes Kevin Durant vs Professor Elam in selling basketball shoes Context Music in mall Foot in the door technique small request followed by larger request Social perception Primacy effects are huge first impressions are big Attribution theory Dispositional attributes person s behavior is due to internal factors Situational attributes persons behavior is due to external factors Fundamental Attribution Error when we blame people s behaviors to internal factors ActorObserver Effect Attribute other people s behavior on dispositional but our own situations Self Serving Bias People say their successes are due to internal dispositional factors but failures are due to external situational factors Body Language Social influence The Milgram Study Socialization obey authority lack of social companion foot in the door technique Buffers in the experiment in room vs different room Conformity The Asch study 75 conformed to the wrong answer Factors that influence conformity Be part of group low selfesteem social shyness lack of familiarity with the task Group behavior Focuses on how people act in a group rather than as an individual Social Facilitation want to do just a little better than person beside you effects on performance that results from the presence of others Social loafing impaired performance because of group work Diffusion of responsibility Mob behavior Deindividualization Altruism help just to help No incentive Kitty Genorese Murder Environmental Psychology People and physical environment influence each other Noise Temperature Crowding and personal space


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