2BW Comparative Lit: Week 4 Notes
2BW Comparative Lit: Week 4 Notes 2BW
Popular in 2BW-Survey of Literature: Middle Ages to 17th Century
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Leong on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2BW at University of California - Los Angeles taught by D.W. Macfayden in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see 2BW-Survey of Literature: Middle Ages to 17th Century in Hispanic Studies at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 10/26/15
Sunday October 25 2015 Comparative Literature Lecture 67 LET S GET PHYSICAL Rabelais Du Bellay and the celebration of the Body RENAISSANCE More of an emphasis on physical Beauty ceebrating bodies beautiful physique More travel for trade miitary reasons Brings more CASH Truth to be discovered outward Thus the scientific exploration of the physical world More empirical methods of discovery discover via TRIAL and ERROR FALURE is important It s required on the way to truth it s a positive thing Thus looked down on Middle Ages as more of a stagnant time middle as in stuck MIDDLE AGES Truth is more inwardlooking Spiritua internal truth is within you and above the physical world If the world is emphasized in Spiritual Matters the truth has already been discovered don t need to go around searching for it ART Before Art existed because of the Church in the Middle Ages n Ren Times Art was associated w people with Political Power Business and competition helped financially support art Rich folks hire artists to show off their statues Very earthlyworldly reasons Beauty of physical objects doesn t need to have spiritual significance made to glorify the patrons not necessarily God Secular Luxuries A focus on people s everyday desires An obsession with antiquity nfuence from Abroad as well such as Chinese ster pottery It s not like faith is COMPLETELY gone but now Faith is in a new luxurious and secular context SACRED SECULAR Outside of religion For business Focus on individual desires and pursuits Group significance Devotiona Communitybased Sunday October 25 2015 One buzzword SCHOLARS lndividual study Investigating new values RABELAIS Is a celebration of Physicality Very CARNIVALESOUE Like a Carnival Carne Vale farewell to meats Celebrationfestival that happens right before Lent right before the deprivation of the body you celebrate and indulge in it CarnivalMardi Gras A rare time to release pressure from restrictions Sort of like Halloween a single day for chaos and indulgence Rabelais Celebrating physicality the world gets turned upside down The body is in a state where it joins nature through eatingdrinkingsex excretingetc lots of use of Bodily functions all the way Body is POUROUS things come in and out easily Like the Abbey of Th leme Abbey of Desire which is a porous space it s completely opposite of a traditional abbey since it s open and people have the freedom to come in and out Won t be closed in People eatdrinkwork when they want to Difference is celebrated Traditionally faith activities determined the timetable not here List of things the Abbey despises extreme selfdenial religious frauds hypocrites people who shame the body who are bigoted also Sexy monks apparently i regret that google search Anyways no people who define themselves by hating other people Excess is a GOOD THING The body is a great way to experience the world These 16th century hippies istg N stark contrast to Middle Ages where the Body is demonized while the spirit is emphasized or even Classical times where the body s form is admired but its functions are not really alluded to Le Ancient Greek sculptures of really masculine ripped dudes with tiny balls In contrast w Du Bellay Big descriptions of Ruin Physcal Rome the demise of Physicality After the body is gone what remains Like Machiavelli saying I give myself over to the Ancients in search of lasting values in things long past Sunday October 25 2015 The question of Can a body inspire others Such as ancient buildings architecture inspired by bodily forms His poems are an individual celebration of musing on these ruins lt s still a celebration of physicality but in a different way Even if bodies die don t last forever they can still inspire people TLDR The body is something that is important and beautiful in all its functions living eating reproducing even dying all is explored and even glorified Letcure 7 The In between places Moving on to Petrarch and Orlando Furioso Petrarch Lyrical Based on private observations and feelings lt s a subjective experience open to debate The feeling of being between things Sacred Secular Church 39Trade Spirit H Body Faith Sense nvisibility Scheme Virtue Things that overarch the divide Love Politics Family LovePassion will you let yourself be led by passion or virtue It can be both Speaking of bridging divides LEONARDO DA VINCI The Classic Renaissance artist Vitruvian Man Nudity is beautiful Placed value on geometric shapes Drawing the human figure 3 Sunday October 25 2015 Based off Vitruvius ancient Roman architect who based his architecture on human proportions Connection between Sciencethe body indicative of God s beautiful and purposeful design not at odds with each other Body is not just a lumpy bumpy bag of sin like in the Middle Ages Use SCIENCE to learn more about Faith This is a SERIOUS Mariage of ArtScience not just an artist dabbling in science stuff He dissected people and animals to find out how bodies worked even though it was illegal now is that metal or what Drawing is important to understand form and function Leonardo could observe but he could also record like a boss bc photos weren t invented yet The idea was Man has an Immortal Soul in a Mortal body Also man occupies midpoint between Heaven and Hell The navel is the midpoint of the body Used Vitruvian man to symbolically solve the problem of finding the equal area of a square and a circle Renaissance Questions What makes us Human Explored through writing about our love and feelings Petrarch or dissecting the body Leonardo What can we do What is possible for us to do Reminder that Italy is in the middle of a tradeCultural rebirth lots of new things are happening that people never knew was possible before So curiosity is reigning How do we fit in this world Between Heaven and Earth And Machiavelli s eternal question What SHOULD we do In a time where Italy is a bunch of competing little citystates Mach is interested in balances of POWER Good arms make good Iaws so he says If u want things to be good u gotta be willing to be NASTY Orlando Furioso The ultimate douche rejected dudebro The knight who lets his emotions get the better of him Everything is about the inbetween spaces Petrarch and his social anxiety His poems are all over the place he feels nervous and the verses betray that His poetry is half virtuous description half bodily desire Sunday October 25 2015 What he wants to do how he wants to act doesn t always work out the way he wants to He s full of insecurity In a way he s his own sort of adventurous investigative individual through his own personal experience What he thinks he can do gt turns out to be a failure but it s ok he s still discovering and learning about himself Like Leonardo making empirical discoveries I 4 I l i o Buzzwords EXPLORATION and EXPERIMENTATION of the spaces between strict sections Petrarch Stuck between What I would want what should I do vs How I actually act Machiavelli What ought to be done Be a loving charitable ruler despite the fact that it d probably ruin you vs What will be effective being cruel and calculating t s possible to straddle the two one should at least know how to be the latter to survive Sometimes be charitable while other times be cruel TLDR Interest in BOTH spirituality and science is in a whole view of the world goes between two different kinds of world views to review to the graphic up top since there are things that do straddle the divide Sacred Secular Church Trade Spirit Body Faith Senses lnvisibility Scheming Vmue Things that overarch the divide Love Po iiics Family