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by: Mossie Ankunding


Mossie Ankunding
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mossie Ankunding on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC0150 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/229359/soc0150-university-of-pittsburgh in Sociology at University of Pittsburgh.




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Date Created: 10/26/15
Sociological Theory notes 216 Dr Brush Recorded by Rachel Hantgan Top 10 reasons people do poorly on exams 10 suffer in silence and blame themselves for being stupid 9 spend more time nding and reading secondary sources than primary sources quote and cite with page ssecondary sources paraphraseattribute source as well don t ask questions or comment in class don t ll out practice concept sheet don t review readings in light of class discussions don t attend class or sleep through class don t read all assigned materials don t readfollow questions on exam only spend 30 min answering questions on a 75 minute exam forget rabbit s foot HNP Hey Q S Weberstylehistoricalmakes lists he defines terms for his purposes to be clear on what he means this is a theory of social action and methodology of social sciences methodology linking epistemology to method Durkheim Central problem social cohesions in the face of specialization Epistemology objectivist positivist social realist Privileged actor industrialist moderns Histog and social change transition from tradition to industrial evolution not revolution EXQlanatog mechanisms functional organism Idiom holism positivism functionalism causal GLal rational recognition of collective interests organic solidarity p 174 The force that ideas have Hegeldialectical idealism instead of materialism Weber says he gives too much power to the force of ideas he is critical of idealism and materialism Weber is trying to find a space between the two that incorporates ideas of both idealtypes rationalization sociology interpretive understanding of social action p 178 subjective meaningthe kind of thing you can interpret socialwhat makes it go the way it goes and what are the consequences of it action action is social because it s about taking into account others behaviors if choice is mechanical functional or intentional interpretive understanding ts under intentional because one tries to interpret people s intentions 4 types of social action p185 bottom 1 Instrumentally rationa endsmeans rationality 2 Valuerational clearly self conscious do because it is the right thing to do eX don t cheat on exam because it is wrong 3 Affectual determined by feelings of actors 4 Traditional most borderline because often habitua rather than meaningful Weber tries to bridge gap between subjectiVism and objectiVism and materialism and idealization through the motivation of social action Key concepts Ideal types Rationalization Social action The big three macro theorists on the character of modern society Marx Durkheim Weber Modern society is industrial Modern society is Modern society is quotorganizedquot and quotcapitalistquot in the sense industrial and on basis of exchange of class conflict rooted in quotorganizedquot Sociology competition and rationality material antagonisms Si assesses social facts in quotCapitalistquot 2 based on alienated labor Criticism order to clarify investment of private capital demystifies social relations interdependence and Abstract economic theory obscured by political promote organic proposes the characteristic economy in order to solidarity features of such a society promote revolutionary through idealtypes and worker consciousness analysis of social action For next class Find two things he s treating as ideal types Soc 0150 Notes Feb 28 2006 Recorded by Sam Bootel Weber Why obey trust authority gure respectlisten to look up to scary power To obey to force Getting your way winning the ip side of power is that they can deny you your way consequences or punishment stipend performance coach has legitimate reasons for loosing control and you don t yelling control Legitimate domination Weber isn t making judgments based on tradition but saying there s a sectional trend rational legal grounds towards rationalization charismatic Pg 216 Legal authority It s not about who you are but about following the impersonal impartial and institutional laws Pg 219 if leadership falls to bene t his followers it is likely that his charismatic authority will disappear Priests traditional Rational depends on how formal the church is Pg 220 in traditional periods charisma is the great revolutionary force Ritzer Practical rationality looking for yourself materially Theoretical rationality cognitive process using ideal types Substantive rationality Formal rationality based on rules and regulations and laws efficiency ioptimum means to ends straight line calculability ability to count it predictability across settings and times control through substitution of human labor for technology irrationality once you achieve all this it doesn t matter if it s people anymore undermine humanity Soc 0150 Notes by Bobby Tedesco Date 32306 Format of the exam 0 Two sections One ID and One Essay 0 Choices in both cases 0 75 Minutes long 0 Concepts are not in columns like the last exam A B C D 0 You must pick from an undifferentiated list of concepts from 3 different theorists 0 Part of your ID must tell who the theorist is 0 Some essays will allow you to compare theorists 0 Open book and note book Comparing Gilman to other theorists 1 Marxian con ict Marx a Commonalities l Engaged in an argument for a just society 2 Emphasis on work for human development b Differences l Idealist 2 Gender rather than class 3 Evolutionary rather than revolutionary 2 Functionalist Durkheim a Commonalities l Evolutionary model 2 Functional concepts social system and structure and function b Differences 1 No explanation of origins relations or unions but their corruption 2 Concerned less with order than with fairness and human development 3 Interpretive Weber a Commonalities Mind and meaning are major independent forces 2 Theory concepts a kin to idea types b Differences 1 Reality socially instructed but it also founded on inequitable arrangements or production 4 General a Commonalities Confront speci c problems in social life 2 Describe analyze and prescribe change 3 Compares humans to others species Things happen because of other things that happen 5 b Differences l Bridges Micro and Macro 2 It could get personal N She says if she critiques the world she can change other people minds and then deal with the problem materialistically N She wants to persuade the people to see the world the way she does Sociology 0150 Notes from 020906 Recorded by Samantha Mitchell Societies change over time evolutionary process progress CRITICAL trying to make sense of difference between societies they came across very racist kind of contrasts with his whole approach of empirical evidence as imperative Modes of Scienti c Explanation 4types l N Causal temporal asymmetry consistencydeterminism necessary v suf cient determinants taking rabbit s foot to an exam not studying and doing well here the rabbit s foot is a SUFFICIENT determinant taking rabbit s foot to an exam studying hard and doing well but then once forgetting the rabbit s foot and not doing well here the rabbit s foot is a NECCESARY determinant it is both NECCESARY and SUFFICIENT to study for sociology exam but it may be NECCESARY to bring rabbit s foot for some people but alone it is NOT SUFFICIENT iv doing well on exam is NECCESARY but not SUFFICIENT to doing well in the class and participating in class is NECCESARY but not SUFFICIENT to doing well in the class Both are NECESSARY and together SUFFICIENT cause comes before effect proximity has to be believable chain of events ii39 Structural describe and explain social order and change and interconnections Logics of institutions and the interconnections kinship labor sexuality affect Functional logic and institutions are dictated by system of institution needs for the functions they ful ll Public school example the public schools exist for the FUNCTION of socializing and educating youth Limits potential for change Explains means by reference to ends tautology Personi edanthropomorphic societies don t have needs i Something abstract represented as a person ii Attributing personhood to nonhuman things iii Thinking of society in metaphorical terms 2 types solidarity organic and mechanical iV Durkheim critiques functionalism BUT he still uses it he argues that causal arguments are necessary V Marx functional argument p 57 Vi paradigmatic perfectly expresses logic typical of approach 4 Intentional DiVision of Labor Big Idea collective consciousness solidarity mechanical V organic social cohesion specialization 2 types of societies traditional preindustrial criminal law mechanical solidarity similarities punitiveresponsive industrial modem ciVil law 9 responsiverestitutive law organic solidarity specialization cooperation with other people because of interdependence each organ can only do IT s job and they are interdependent on one another What does he really mean by solidarity p 133 proposition crime goes against that thing that we agree on talks about law because you can t measure solidarity comparing and contrasting past and present Soc 0 l 50 Notes for Jan 24 Recorded by Ebony Gardner Commodity Fetishism CF Fetish something you really like a lot nonerotic arousal takes some explaining as to why you may like it Dictionary de nitionmaterial object believed to have magical power or an object of unreasonable excessive attention Fetish commodity is when they realize exchange value over value itself thus CF obscures social relations of production There is a misplacement of power on to an object that doesn t merit it The point Marx raises is you have to be critical social theorist to defetish Dialectical Materialism ideology Materialism 7 analysis of social relations and categories with a material basis On pg 57 starting with The religious is a materialist claim Ideology notion of where ideas come from Materialist opposite is idealist is a concept Epistemology a theory of how we know what we know Dialectical 7 Identifying contradictions Pg 8283 Political tools into Proletariat Pg 80 contradiction in way class is developed Proposition Thesis Antithesis Synthesis Ex The Thesis is Development of bourgeois The antithesis is development of proletariat The Synthesis is revolution of proletariat Ex2 The Thesis is Development of means of production The antithesis is development of social relations of proletariat alienation The Synthesis is revolution of proletariat Industrial Revolution in Manifesto is to uncover transition of worker mode of production capitalist Theory of historical change in class relations epochal revolution 0 Isn t just an era in historical time but epoch of feudalism replaced by epoch of bourgeoisie then epoch of socialist 0 Central Problem Class relations also Exploitation alienated labor emancipation 0 Classic proposition of materialist argument is rooted in class struggle Material makes it hard to see real relations between reality Marx theories of social change political radical economytheories of ideology collective action globalization Reference made on page 77 Tools for analyzing o What makes it sociological Critical Theory of history real process and events Big picture epoch entire way of characterizing society Material basis of dynamic laws of motion Notion of where ideas come from Situation completely based on interest SOC 0150 Notes for 22806 Class Session Recorded by Jamal Brown Dr Brush distributed a participation checklist that students are to turn in at the end of class Dr Brush reminded students that our next reading due on 3206 will be from the reader Weber discussion Dr Brush asks students why they obey their coaches Trust their knowledge Authorityirespect listen to look up to EXperience Scary Dr Brush made reference to Weber s de nition of domination pg 215 and power pg 206 and comparedcontrasted the terms Domination is about obedience while power is about getting one s way Obey force Getting one s way win We noted that not all exercises of power are about obedience but some of them can be What is scary about power Can deny you your way Consequences Punishment Control ie loss of control is bad for a player but acceptable for coach Weber and Domination Types of legitimate domination 1 Traditional Authority 2 RationalLegal Authority 3 Charismatic Authority What makes power legitimate Why do people obey laws ie why do they recognize legitimacy Fear of consequences Tradition The laws are fair Lawobeying falls under legal authority Weber believes that we are shifting from traditional and charismatic authority to legalrational authority Dr Bush made reference to the ve points of legal authority pgs 216217 Charismatic authority pg 219 II Routinization of charisma pgs 220221 Weber is theorizing and creating ideal types of authority as his method How is social order possible Why do people obey authority The source of social cohesion is that people will legitimize authority Reference to pg 220 V George Ritzer on Weberian rationality Practical rationality in mundane daytoday activities re ects worldly interests Theoretical rationality is a cognitive process involving theoretical mastery of reality by means of precise and abstract concepts Substantive rationality involves a choice of means to ends guided by some larger system of human values Formal rationality involves rational calculation of means to ends based on rules regulations and laws Basic components ef ciency choice of optimum means to and end calculability quanti cation counting predictability across all settings and at all times control through the substitution of nonhuman for human technology replace people sources of uncertainty and unpredictability with predictably controllable machines and the ultimate irrationality of formal rationality deny the basic humanity the human reason of people


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