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by: Jamel Emard


Marketplace > University of Pittsburgh > History > HPS2679 > PHILOSOPHYOFMATHEMATICS
Jamel Emard
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Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamel Emard on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HPS2679 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see /class/229365/hps2679-university-of-pittsburgh in History at University of Pittsburgh.




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Date Created: 10/26/15
PHILOSOPHY DEPARTMENT GRADUATE SEMINARS SPRING TERM 2009 2094 202032242 Plato Physics and Cosmology in Plato Scade Paul Combined with Classics 2313 Wednesday 200 7 430 The course will examine Plato39s physical cosmological and to use an anachronistic term metaphysical thought We will ask how does Plato conceive of the cosmos what role does mathematics play in Plato39s cosmology to what extent can a single worldview be extracted from his various dialogues how does Plato39s physical thought relate to his ethics and politics how important is the Theory of Forms what should we do with the Unwritten Doctrines The core text will be the Timaeus and this will be supplemented with selections from the Republic Phaedms Laws and Philebus as well as some material from other dialogues We will also examine some passages from Aristotle and the commentators on Aristotle concerned with the Unwritten Doctrines Students will be asked to give short presentations on assigned topics Prerequisites Graduate status This course is offered at least once a year 210536319 Thomas Hobbes Machamer Peter Combined with HPS 2543 Tuesday 500 7 730 L An intensive look at the range of Hobbes work Some influential secondary sources will be examined eg Leviathan and the Air Pump Squaring the Circle etc Prerequisites none Check with the department on how often this course is offered 217030512 Kant Rescher Nicholas Wednesday 930 7 1200 This course aims at a general understanding of the Critique of Pure Reason as a whole It will examine the work39s central metaphysical and epistemological doctrines with attention to their historical context Emphasis will be placed on the basic objectives of the Critique in relation to its doctrines and its strategies of argument While some attention will be given to varying interpretations of the Critique the principal focus will be on Kant39s text Prerequisites Graduate standing This course is offered at least once a year 221035913 Wittgenstein Ricket ts Thomas Tuesday amp Thursday 1230 7 145 A close reading of portions of Part1 of PT We begin with Wittgenstein39s view of language with particular emphasis on his treatment of ostensive explanations of words We will then think about Wittgenstein39s treatment of understanding and rulefollowing After that we will consider the idea of a private language and Wittgenstein39s critique of the conception of sensations as private objects At the end of the semester we will re ect generally on Wittgenstein39s method This class is offered as a Background Seminar Prerequisites Graduate student in philosophy or HPS or the permission of instructor This course is offered at least once a year 238536714 Rationality Schafer Karl Wednesday 700 7 930 In this course we will consider a set of related issues at the intersection of ethics and epistemology In general our goal will be to explore the areas of continuity and discontinuity between these two basic areas of normative inquiry focusing on the contemporary philosophical debate Issues to be discussed may include theoretical and practical reasoning the relationship between reasons and rational requirements the difference between epistemic and practical rationality the basing relation and the quotright reasonsquot debate the application of metaethical ideas such as expressivism and relativism to the epistemological case the epistemic significance of disagreement moral and normative epistemology the value of knowledge and rationality debates about the relationship between knowledge action and assertion and the strengths and limitations of different formal methods for modeling both theoretical and practical reasoning Plus secret special guest topics to be announced during class If all goes as planned I hope to use this course as an excuse to have some current and future friends of mine visit Pittsburgh So there may be some special guest stars as well Prerequisites Graduate status or permission from instructor This course is offered infrequently 240035912 MetaphysicsEpistemology Core McDowell John Tuesday 200 7 430 This course will be an introduction to some central concepts and problems in contemporary epistemology and metaphysics This is a core seminar and thus listed as a quotBackground Seminarquot Prerequisites Enrollment is limited to first year students in PhD program in Philosophy except by permission of instructor This course is offered at least once a year 250012496 Advanced Logic Core Belnap Nuel Monday 930 7 1200 This course is a rigorous philosophical conceptual introduction to logic for graduate students We will begin with a VERY fast review of the natural deduction system used in quotNotes on the art of logic It is better to have worked through this ahead of time We shall learn the arts of elementary set theory formal arithmetic and the theory of definitions as tools Then we shall emphasize the rigorous conceptual analysis of the grammar semantics and prooftheory of truthfunctional logic and to a lesser extent quantificational logic with special attention to consistency and completeness The last weeks of the term will be devoted to various topics in quot 1 39 o ic P J 39 39 An lo ic course covering truthfunctional logic and quantifier logic Understanding some method of quotnatural deductionquot is essential as is some ability to move between symbols and English If in doubt see instructor Some students will benefit from quotNotes on the art of logic which is at pittedu7belnap Also Connie in the Philosophy Office is likely to have copies for sale Prerequisites Graduate status This course is offered at least once a year 258036330 Philosophy of Mathematics Manders Kenneth Combined with HPS 2679 Thursday 200 7 430 The current tradition in Epistemology of Mathematics rests on a fruitful restriction to questions of primarily logical and foundational justification After reviewing the highlights of this tradition we motivate broader epistemological inquiry into the power of mathematical thought and indicate avenues of approach to such questions These involve rethinking mathematical reasoning in nonfoundational practice conceptions and taking into account the quality of representational contributions to mathematical reasoning The course can serve as an 39 39 to the A 39 of 39 39 may be satisfied 1 either by short papers or by a term paper with prior approval of the instructor This course will be offered as both a quotResearch Seminar and a quotBackground Seminarquot Prerequisites Graduate status This course is offered infrequently 259936328 Special Topics in History of Science Schaffner Kenneth Combined with HPS 2599 Tuesday 200 7 430 G28 CL The history of behavioral genetics and related philosophical issues will be reviewed from its beginnings in 1960 to the present day Reading materials will include original papers and secondary sources as well as a number of oral interviews with leaders of the field The focus will be on human studies including the IQ controversy normal personality genetics personality disorders and schizophrenia and Alzheimer39s Disease They types of studies to be reviewed include heritability analyses and conceptual problems with heritability as well as molecular methods and problems with replicability and explanatory breadth and depth The roles of the environment and intermediate phenotypes endophenotypes including brain imaging studies will be discussed Prerequisites none Check with the department on how often this course is offered 266036315 Philosophy of Space and Time EarmanNorton Combined with HPS 2675 Wednesday 930 7 1200 G28 CL This seminar will concentrate on problems of time Topics will be drawn from both the philosophy literature eg tensed vs tenseless theories of time presentism vs eternalism McTaggart s argument for the unreality of time and the philosophy of science literature eg the problem of the direction of time the relations amongst the socalled 39arrows of time39 Attempts will be made to bring the two literatures into fruitful interaction Prerequisites none Check with the department on how often this course is offered 268136317 Realism Stanford Kyle Combined with HPS 2669 Thursday 930 7 1200 G28 CL Scientific realists think that on balance we have good reason to believe that our best scientific theories are at least probably andor approximately true descriptions of how things stand in a mindindependent natural world In this course we will begin by examining the classic statements and defenses of this view from thinkers like Boyd Smart and Putnam including the socalled quotMiraclequot argument viz that the success of science would be a miracle if the theories used to achieve it were not at least approximately true We will then consider some classic responses to this realist rationale from thinkers like Van Frassen Laudan and Fine who articulate challenges to realism from such sources as the underdetermination of theories by evidence and the pessimistic induction over the history of science and who defend various alternatives to the realist position We will then examine the most recent round of controversies surrounding scientific realism considering versions of realism that have been revised in sophisticated ways by thinkers like Worrall Kitcher and Psillos to address the concerns of the objectors as well as the most recent challenges that have been raised to these views by Stanford naturally I hope to conclude by exploring challenges from Stein and Blackburn to the idea that a nonrealist attitude towards science can even be given a coherent formulation and by revisiting the Miracle argument to ask what if anything nonrealists are ultimately in a position to say about it Prerequisites none Check with the department on how often this course is offered


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