Popular in Course
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Casimir Toy on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH1528 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see /class/229377/anth1528-university-of-pittsburgh in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Pittsburgh.
Reviews for SOUTHAMERICANARCHAEOLOGY
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/26/15
Archeology Anchovies and Monuments Class objectives to be familiar with the concept of the llNeolithic Revolution To critically evaluate the agriculturalpottery social complexity model in the context of the Peruvian preceramic coast What is the Neolithic Revolution it was the first agricultural revolution the transition from the hunting and gathering communities and bands to agriculture and settlement Domestication domestic plants have lost their natural seeding ability Domesticated plants cannot reproduce without help from humans Social repercussions of the Neolithic revolution emergrance of sedentary life population increase technoogica innovations like pottery The agriculture as a prime mover for civilization theory based on the observation that this was the case in many pristine civilization cases archeologists came with a theory in which agriculture is a prime mover of the ermergence of civilization Agriculturepottery social complexity according to Mosely s theory maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization exceptionally rick easily accessible marine resources provided calories to sustain sedentary residence population growth large communities and the rise of the complex social organization capable of erecting large architectural monuments Lower Archaic 75002500 BC nucleation people camp together was small mobile camps exploitation of marine resources and fog basin resources a couple of hundred individuals living in a village made of simple perishable materials diet was primarily wild resources egaitarian population Upper Archaic 2500 BC 1500 the cotton preceramic drastic change suddenly they started building monumental architecture previously they had never built anything bigger than a little hut El paraiso Enormous U shape monumental plaza with mound all around thirteen in total covering 16 hectares Resources founded shellfish cotton Aspero permanent residential site monumental platform domestic occupation Aggregate resources include anchovies Easily fished and whole consumed Caral the largest preceramic site to date inland from the coast