BUS & PROF SPEAKING
BUS & PROF SPEAKING SPCH 230
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Asa Stiedemann on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPCH 230 at University of South Carolina - Columbia taught by K. Mangum in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/229558/spch-230-university-of-south-carolina-columbia in Speech at University of South Carolina - Columbia.
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Date Created: 10/26/15
Speech Checklist Nonverbal Reminders maintain eye contactavoid focusing on screen floor table etc gavoid vocalized pauses like quotumquot or quotuhquot or quottiskquot sounds avoid excessive use of unnecessary words like quotandquot or quotyou knowquot do not fidget with clothes hair jewelry etc v do not place hands in pockets keep weight balanced do not cross feet etc Introduction 1 attention getter 2 identify the purpose of the speech 3 motivate the audience to listen 4 establish credibilitywhy should listeners believe you 5 preview main pointskeep it simple keywords or phrases Transition Bod be sure we always know which main point you39re talking aboutremind us use transitions and internal summaries between each main point refer to visuals as needed use examples often refer to sources throughout presentation if required Transition Conclusion 1 forewarn audience you39re about to closequotas closequot or quotto summarizequot 2 recap main points 3 how should audience respond what do we do now 4 final thought or memorable statementquotes verses poems etckeep it concise long passages are difficult to remember Transition QA Session Where required plant at least three questions in the audience be personablecall on people by name Ube politequotthank youquot or quotthat39s a good questionquot another final thought to wrap up everythingagain keep it concise Time know the length you have for your speech stay within 30 seconds of the length as you rehearse remember to time yourself Principles of Outlining The body of your speech is the largest portion of the presentation in which you place your arguments and ideas your substantiation and examples and your proofs and illustrations The main functions of the body are to increase what an audience knows about a topic or change an audience s attitudes beliefs values or behavior to present a limited number of arguments andor ideas to provide support for your arguments andor ideas and to indicate the sources of your information arguments and supporting material An outline is a written plan that uses symbols margins and content to reveal the order importance and substance of your speech All items of information in your outline should be directly related to your purpose and longrange goal The outline should Be an abstract of the message you will deliver it will be less than every word you speak but should include all important points and supporting materials Consist of single units of information Indicate the importance of an items with an outlining symbol I Main points most important points indicated with Roman numerals I Subpoints points supporting the main points indicated with capital letters minimum of two under each main point Provide margins that visually indicate the relative importance of the items I The larger the margin on the left the less important the item is to your purpose I Margins are coordinated with the symbols Show items in parallel form consisting of complete sentences clauses phrases or words but not a mixture of these in a Rou h Draft a preliminary organization of the outline Develop g g l 2 3 Choose a limited number of points important for your purpose then see what materials you have the support these main ideas Does not necessarily follow parallel form and is not as complete as a sentence outline Main idea is to provide an overview so that you can see how parts of the speech the main points and subpoints fit together The Complete Sentence Outline 1 2 Consists entirely of complete sentences provides a complete guide to the content of the speech Shows in sentence form your order of presentation what kinds of arguments supporting material and evidence you plan to use and where you plan to place them Can strengthen your speech by helping you present evidence or supporting materials that will make sense to audience members and will help you inform or persuade them Speech Outline Guide SPEECH TITLE Make title creative memorable provocative Don t let it give away the speech subject Use in your speech to communicate Specific Purpose Statement At the end of my presentation the audience will understandknowagree with etc 777777777777777777 77 Introduction The introduction should be written out word for word Label the introduction as a distinct section of the speech and make sure it fulfills all five major functions of an introduction 1 gets the audience s attention 2 introduces the topic 3 gives the audience a reason to listen 4 establishes your credibility and 5 previews your main ideas Transition signpost Use a transitional statement to help the audience move with you into your final point Body Indicate the organizational pattern used I This should be one complete declarative sentence expressing the main point of this section of the speech A Subpoint l Subsubpoint 2 Subsubpoint Remember when you have 1 you need a a Subsubsub point b Subsubsub point Remember when you have 1 Subsubsubsub point 2 Subsubsubsub point Remember when you have you need B Subpoint Remember when you have A you need a l Subsubpoint 2 Subsubpoint 1 77 a you need Transition signpost Use a transitional statement to help the audience move with you from one main point to the next II This should be one complete declarativesentence expressing the main point of this section of the speech A Subpoint l Subsubpoint 2 Subsubpoint B Subpoint l Subsubpoint 2 Subsubpoint Transition signpost Use a transitional statement to help the audience move With you into your final point III This should be one complete declarativesentence expressing the main point of this section of the speech A Subpoint l Subsubpoint 2 Subsubpoint B Subpoint l Subsubpoint 2 Subsubpoint Transition signpost Use a transitional statement to help the audience move With you into your final point Conclusion The conclusion should be written out word for word Label the conclusion as a distinct section of the speech and make sure it fulfills all four major functions of a conclusion 1 summarizes your main ideas 2 reemphasizes your central idea in a memorable Way 3 indicates What your audience should knowfeelthinkdo in response to your speech and 4 brings closure to the presentation Bibliography On a separate sheet Here you list complete citations for the research materials used in preparing your speech The bibliographic format that you are required to use is the Modern Language Association MLA Sample citations and guidelines for listing your sources can be found in the source citation handout and at wwwmlaorg Inline for the Outline Specific Speech Purpose At the end of my presentation the audience will understand the correct form required for the SPCH 140 Speech Outline Introduction Have you ever met a fascinating introduction Not everyone knows one or how to create one but it is not hard You can easily become an expert creator Your first task is to gain the attention and interest of the audience After you have established rapport with your audience you need to provide them with reasons why they should listen to you State your purpose and establish some personal credibility You may choose to do this by providing your personal experience personal qualifications and personal research on the topic Let them know that the information you are providing has been substantiated by other credible sources You should define important terms give any needed background information and finally you should give your audience a preview of what s called a thematic statement Your audience needs a road map for the speech to help them feel secure and you are the one who must provide that for them Make sure you state briefly the main points of interest that you will be covering An example would be Today I would like for you to understand the correct form required for the Speech Communication Speech Outline First lwill be discussing the special organizational purposes of an outline and then I ll end by discussing the outline requirements for structure and orm You should use a bridgelike statement called a transition which connects the introduction with the first main point of your body You ll also need one between each main point and between the last main point and the conclusion Let s see how one works if you are going from the introduction to the outline for the speech body Transition Let s first take a look at what all outlines need in order to organize the information for your speech effectively Body The Organizational Pattern Used is Topical l Outlines have special organizational purposes A Outlines provide clarity 1 Ideas are easily seen 2 Ideas become clear to the speaker 3 Ideas become clear to the listener B Outlines provide exibility 1 Length can vary with each outline 2 Development of specific areas can vary a Development can be determined by time b Development can be determined by audience analysis prespeech c Development can be determined by audience feedback during speech C Outlines show relationships between ideas Subpoints are separated from the main points by appropriate space usage a lndent properly b lndent equal points equally c Second lines of a point should be positioned directly under the place that sentence 2 All material to the left of specific material is of greater importance 3 Ideas of lesser value may be added or eliminated as time dictates 4 Parallel sentence structure shows similarity in points of equal value Transition Since outlines are so valuable providing clarity flexibility and idea relationships internal summary we certainly need to use them But how do we create a good one There is a blueprint for building outlines Let s look H The body of a Speech Outline has specific requirements with regards to structure and form A The formulation of main points and subpoints must follow six specific criteria 1 Use the appropriate organization pattern a You may use the topicalsequence pattern b You may use the temporal or timesequence pattern c You may use the spatialrelations pattern d You may use the problemsolution pattern e You may use the causeeffect pattern State each main point in one complete declarative sentence Use parallel sentence structure throughout Consolidate ideas by chunking for simplicity Support each main point adequately with subpoints and subsubpoints a Satisfy the informational needs of your audience b Use a variety of support 1 You may use definitions and explanations 2 You may use illustrations or eXamples 3 You may use the testimony of an eXpert or a quotation 4 You may use statistics 5 You may use repetition or restatement 6 You may use comparison and contrast 7 You may use visualaudio aids 6 Eliminate main points that do not support your speech purpose B Symbol sequence rules must be observed 1 Roman numerals l II III etc are the 1st division and should always represent your main meww points Capital letters A B C etc are the 2 01 division and should always represent your sub 2 points 3 Arabic numerals l 2 3 etc are the 3ml division and should always represent your sub subpoints 4 Lower case letters a b c etc are the 4th division 5 Bracketed Arabic numerals l 2 3 etc are the 5d1 division 6 Bracketed lower case letters a b c etc are the 6th division C Correct symbol usage must be followed 1 Only one idea is allowed on a single line a Consolidate several ideas into a heading statement 1 List idea 1 below that heading 2 List idea 2 below that heading 3 List idea 3 below that heading b Keep sentences simple to prevent problems 2 Only one symbol may be used per statement a You cannot use two numbers on a single line b You cannot use a number and a letter on a single line c You cannot use a number or a letter without a point 3 Only one subdivision of an idea may NOT be used a You cannot have 1 without H b You cannot have A without c You cannot have 1 without 2 etc Transition Now that you have completed your main points you want to move into your conclusion Make sure however that you are indeed ready to conclude You only want to fulfill the four functions of a conclusion and not be guilty of rambling without direction Conclusion Saying In conclusion is one of several ways to tip the audience off that you are ready to bring your speech to an end This is called a brakelight and fulfills the first function of your conclusion Once your audience gets the hint that you re coming to a close they will become much more in tuned with what you are saying Therefore you want to offer them a brief summary of the main points that they should remember fulfilling the second function of a conclusion You may fulfill the third function of the conclusion by reminding the audience how they can use the adviceinformation that you just covered but you don t want to stop there Assuming your speech has accomplished its purpose thus far you certainly want to finish well by providing a memorable ending fulfilling your fourth and final function Follow my advice don t think twice and stay inline for your outline This MLA parenthetical citation tells the reader that the information in part 1 section A number 1 comes from the article by Jane Smith which is listed alphabetically in the list of works cited The author s last name is followed by the page number on which this particular information app ears Notice that the oral attribution will be to the name of the journal which lends credibility to the speech rather than to the name of the scientist whom the readers may not mcoyize as an authority Nonet es th parenthetical citation must be linked to the first word of the entry as it annears in the list of works cited This citation tells the reader that the John Doe that is listed alphabetically in the list of works cited It is followed by the page number on which that particular information appears Notice that there is no comma between Doe39s name and the page numb er Exceptional Student Advanced Public Speaking 0 uth39n e Speci c Purpose At the end of my presentation the audience will understand pancreatitis and its effects on the human ody Introduction slide ofbodyplacementoforgam woutlabelx How many of you know the location or function of your pancreas How many of you know what the disease pancreatitis is and what effecm it has on your body Pancreatitis is a hereditary disease that runs in my family Both my grandmother and my father died from this deadly disease and I have also inherited the carrier traim for the disease I have interview ed internal J39 r J I r u r r r r J L J J r u r a in r about this disease in order to further understand how it affecm the human body Iwant to tell you a little bit help him or her understan how the pancreas functions how pancreatitis changes the function of the pancreas and how the disease affecm the human body Transition First it is important to examine what the pancreas is and how it functions in the body Body I In order to understand how pancreatitis affecm the human body you have to know how a normal pancreas functions A The pancreas is an organ that plays avital role in the digestive process 1 The pancreas is aglandlike organ that is 7 inches long and 2 inches wide Smith 30 slide ofplacemznt 2 The pancreas is located behind the stomach and is connected to the small intestines Doe 134 B A normal pancreas functions through a relatively complex process as akey component of our digestive process Zorte This parenthetical citation suggests that all Biincluding numbers the interview with Zorte in the list of works cited No page number appears in this parenthetical reference because the interview is not published and thus has no page numbers that the oral attribution will provide the listeners with the doctor39s credentials to lend credibility to the 339 information in artl section 74bicomes from speech 1 The pancreas produces digestive enzymes that help to break down fam proteins and carbohydrates in food in order to take the nutrienm out of your food to nourish your body The enzymes that the pancreas produces are then secreted from the pancreas N I a through the small intestines and then into the stomac When L the L be 39n to break down fam proteins and carbohydrates to provide your body with nutrition 4 The pancreas also produces the hormones insulin and glucagon which work together to control the body s sugar levels a The insulin lowers the blood sugar leve b The glucagon slowly increases the blood sugar level if it falls too low This parenthetical citation tells us that the information in part 2 section A including everything in numbers 1 and 2 comes from the article published by the United States Notice that we had to add Library to distinguish this source from the other source published by the me authoriin this case a government bodyithe United States The oral attribution mentions the institute by name lending credibility to the source But the parenthetical citation must be keyed to the first words of the entry as it appears in the list of Transition Now that you know how a normal pancreas functions I can explain how a diseased pancreas functions II Pancreatitis is a rare disease that has harsh effecm on the pancreas along with the human body A Pancreatitis is the inflammation and digestion of the pancreas United States Library gt slide ofdixearedpancreax 1 When a pancreas is infected with pancreatitis the digestive enzymes that the pancreas produces ecome active inside t e pancreas instead o eaving the pancreas The enzymes then begin to digest the pancreas Show slide 2 The digestive enzymes also spread to other organs in the body slowly digesting the organs until the body shum down This citation lets the reader know that the information in part 2 section B of United States we must also say Institute to distinguish which of the two articles by the United States we are using here since there are two in the list of works cited The assumption here is that everything in section B comes from this source If parts 1 2 and 3 in sectionB had come from different sources parenthetical citations would have followed ach numbered piece of information The spaker lends credibility to the information by mentioning the National Institute but the parenthetical citation must be keyed to the first words of the B Pancreatitis has three important side eiiecm United States Institute 1 The ancreas does not produce insulin or glucagon so the blood levels cannot be controlled asituation that eventually leads to diabetes 2 The pancreas can no longer properly digest food in order to get the nutrition the body needs to survive so the body can shut down because of lack of nutrition 3 The active digestive enzymes that the diseased pancreas produces digest the body s organs starting with the pancreas and the body slowly stars to shut down because the organs cannot do theirjobs Conclusion Ihope that now you know how a pancreas functions how a pancreas infected with pancreatitis functions and how it can harshly affect the human body Pancreatitis is hard to detect in the early stages and does not yet have a cure Now if someone you know acquires this deadly disease you can help him or her understand its ill eiiecm 1nn nun RRFAKHFW 17215quot Note For additional information about handling parenthetical citations and this source is the same as the author for the source immediately preceding itiin this case the United States formatting the list of works cited please seejoseph Gibaldi s MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 6th Edition sections 51 through 55 pp 142146 and the sample first page andworks cited page of a research paper on pp 320321 Exceptional Student Advanced Public Speaking Technical Presentation November 12 2004 Works Cited DoeInhn 1 of Illinois P 2000 m mluu in LIIL Twentieth Century Chicago U Smithane Pancreatitis and Its EHecE on the Human Body ScienceJUurnal International 232 1999 2338 gt United States National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Diseases Pancreatitis and Other Digestive Diseasesune 2003 5 Nov 2004 lthttpdigestiveniddkgovindexhnngt National Libaray of Medicine Pancreas ByAlbert Einstein Oct 2003 3 Nov 2004 gt Three hyphens followed lthttpnlmruhgovhnngt by a period tells the reader that the author of Zorte Dr Carol Personal interview 24 Oct 2003
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