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Week 10 Notes

by: Madison Sundberg

Week 10 Notes History 225

Madison Sundberg
GPA 3.34

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Here are the notes for Week 10 of class. Hope everybody has a happy Easter, and for those who don't celebrate, I hope you have a great weekend! Only 5 weeks left before finals!
U.S. History
Dr. Steven Reich
Class Notes
US History, JMU, HIST 225
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Sundberg on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 225 at James Madison University taught by Dr. Steven Reich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see U.S. History in History at James Madison University.


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Date Created: 03/25/16
Discussion: The Documents as a Whole:  Identify the problem standing in the way of equality as the husbands and fathers  The idea of the “household” needs to be radically reconstruction o Without reconstructing this idea women will continue to live lives of oppression  Being a mother and a housekeeper is a vital position in society, but it holds no economic status  Ability to vote Doc. 115 Is motherhood a prestigious thing? Women should be mothers The structure of society during this time led to bad motherhood The labor done by women in the household, child rearing, and child bearing does not improve the woman’s economic status in any way The majority of children are raised by “domestic servants” usually their mothers, but nonetheless, a private servant This system is hindering the development of the children because they will be raised to see their mothers as nothing more than a personal servant If we value motherhood and the positive growth of children, we need to provide resources for women to be able to raise their kids in a communal aspect, not alone within the house o Cooperative institutions o Positive emotional relationships o Relieves the burden o Shared, community responsibility  Advocated for kindergartens and communal nurseries Must nurture children socially Jane Littell  Simply earning money does not liberate a woman  Wanted to liberated from the burden from being dependent on men  Wanted women to be seen as equally competent and capable as men  Struggle of being a working woman and also trying to keep house  It is difficult for a woman to find a job that will not be later taken by a younger woman Doc. 118  Thinks contraceptives can enhance the lives of millions of women  Having the choice to have children gives women the ability to escape the burden of raising children 3/21 Capitalism Triumphant, Capitalism in Crisis (Reich, Lecture Notes) Recreation in National Politics Republican ascendancy o Normalcy in party o Retreat from activist presidency “Good Sound Business Administration” Republican presidents of this era: o Calvin Coolidge o Herbert Hoover o Warren Harding Business Triumphant The Bases of New Era Prosperity o Herbert Hoover and his Associational Ideal  Reactive state o Resulted in lobbying o Enhanced private power in business Mass advertising played a huge role in the consumer society o Promoted good health through consumption o Appliances that could make women’s life easier o Stressed women’s appearance Sources of an Impending Crisis Sick industry Consolidation of corporations Wealth and income distributed poorly Poverty o Very rich or very poor o Large income gap Hoover and the Depression  Programs o Federal Farms o Reconstruction Finance Corporation o Home Loan Bank Board o Reluctance to provide direct relief 1932 Persistent, gloomy depression o Hoovervilles o Bonus March FDR’s new campaign o High style 3/23 The Emergence of the New Deal (Reich, Lecture Notes) Economic Disaster of 1933  First 100 days o Tried everything to fix the Depression  New style  Banking legislation  Relief for poor people  NRA  AAA  TVA  REA  CCC o “Greater Security for the Average Man” The 2 ndNew Deal  Deficit spending  Social security  National Labor Relations o CIO and industrial unionism  Works Progress Administration (WPA) 3/25 Why the New Deal Matters (Reich, Lecture Notes)  The New Deal significantly expanded the power and authority of the federal government in order to protect and promote the welfare of the American citizens  For Banking: created FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Company) and Glass-Steagall Act  NRA  Agricultural Adjustment Administration  Public Works helped created jobs  Government insured home loans  Government subsidized school lunch  CCC—Civil Conservation Corps—created jobs for young men  Made a minimum wage for workers  Social Security Act also provided pensions for the retired and unemployment checks The New Deal and the Modern State  The people of America had a new unity with the federal government and looked to the government to help fix their economic problems  The New Deal created the “modern presidency” o Brought the power and prestige back after Herbert Hoover lost it  FDR really worked hard to keep the interest of the people in mind  FDR send messages full of ideas of new legislation to Congress— this is now known (and given by every president) as the State of the Union Address  “The First 100 Days”: FDR dominated his first 100 days in office and set a new precedent for new presidents and how they act within their first 100 days  The first president to used the radio to reach the common man o People had never heard their president’s voice before o Speaks directly to the people, in the intimacy of people’s living room o Asks people to tell him their concerns with government  People began writing letters to the White House  FDR became the sole “trustee” and “protector” of the U.S. New Deal as the Origins of Modern Liberalism  Public programs can improve people’s lives and benefit the public good o Public programs being government agencies o Public programs do not hinder freedom, public programs enhances freedom  The government had resources o Could mobilize these resources to improve the lives of the people o Ability to raise money through taxation and borrow money in order to spend  Deficit spending  Government has expertise o Has the ability to hire experts to run a new agency and tap their talents  Optimistic faith in government FDR’s Speech to the National Democratic Convention 1936  Linked freedom to economic security  In order to free themselves from political tyranny (in 1776), they had to create political freedom o These political freedoms are forever enshrined in our Bill of Rights o The government cannot infringe on these rights  Industrialization is the new tyrannical power o “Economic Royalists” are threatening the political freedom of the working man o “Economic Royalists” control competition, prevent workers from getting a decent pay, force people to work in dangerous conditions, and yet remain wealthy amongst mass squalor o This power needs to be restrained and the government is going to help  But the government now needs resources in order to help  FDR argues that political freedom is empty without economic freedom  Argues that the men who do not support this idea of economic freedom are looking to continue to restrict the freedom of their workers o Concerned that the government will take away their power  A necessitous man is not a free man  Right to make a “living decent according to the standard of the time, a living which gives man not only enough to live by, but something to live for.”  Men already have equal opportunity in the polling place, men must have equal opportunity in the marketplace  Anarchy and aristocracy are the two greatest threats to freedom —however, now not only political freedom is necessary, but economic freedom is key to living the life that you have the right to live as framed by the Constitution New Deal and the Economic Rights of Citizenship  Declaration of Independence o Personal liberty  Bill of Rights — o Restrains Federal Government from Infringing on Personal liberties  Reconstruction — o Empowers the Federal Government to Protect personal liberty from  Infringement by State Governments (14th and 15th Amendments) •New Deal — o Empowers the Federal Government to Protect personal liberty from the uncertainty of the business cycle The Second New Deal Reform and Relief  Key Legislative Achievements  Social Security Act o Unemployment insurance  National Labor Relations Act o Industrial Unionism  WPA o Beautifies public buildings o Builds roads o Builds bridges o Builds government administration buildings  Banking Legislation The Emerging Social Democratic Consensus  The pillars of the Social Security State o Collective bargaining o Progressive Taxation  Distributes money more fairly  Asks those who make more to pay more o Publicly funded Social Services o Economic planning  Egalitarian impulse


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