PSCI 1040 Texas legislature, executive
PSCI 1040 Texas legislature, executive PSCI 1040
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Brooksbank on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Wendy Watson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see American History in History at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 03/25/16
Notes: Texas legislature 3/22/16 Texas legislature: Bicameral House (Serve district not whole state) - 150 members - 2-year terms - must be 21 Senate (represent districts not states) - 31 members - 4 year terms - must be 26 Non-professional legislature Regular sessions (biennial - interim committees - special sessions - Tx legislature by design was created to have little power - Limit power state gov and preserve for citizens - TX legislature only needs 140 days every other year - 2 year term you get one 140 session then up for reelection - Governor calls special session (30 days) if they don't ﬁnish work in that time - In 30 day windows they cannot discuss anything but what governor wants Don’t pay the legislators very much - $7200 per year - 190 dollars per day while in session - They have to be in Austin for debating and voting Consequences: - Not in session year around - non professional - more votes than people - Ghost voting: the practice of one legislator voting for another - Lobbyists in Texas has a-lot of power Power of TX legislature (national does this too) - pass laws - constituent service - investigation - oversight - impeachment - redistricting (based on census, reapportionment) Actually draws district lines - Gerrymandering: process of drawing district lines to beneﬁt one group over another - Quorum: number of legislators present, don't want 2 people deciding legislature No rules committee, speaker of the house gets to decide on how much debate will be on each piece of legislation Notes: Texas Executive Governor and 3/24/16 plural executive Governor: - Governor is weak - Limit power of the legislature so it is non professional Selecting the governor - 4 year terms - Coincide with midterm elections - Why have gubernatorial elections in midterm election? To limit the effect of national politics on state elections - Because gubernatorial elections are not held in presidential election years… turnout for elections is LOW When voting for a Governor: Candidates - One candidate for each party, one democratic, one republican, one Liberian - Independents to run for governor, get petition signed 45,000 people - The people who signed petition cannot have voted in primary election - Narrowing the field for potential candidates to single candidate from each party…Primary Elections - Primary is cheaper than caucuses - Independent effect: Participation forces the other candidates to talk about issues they wouldn't always talk about Powers of the governor - Weak - introduce legislation/budget like the president - draft a budget - Does not have the pocket Veto, he is required BY LAW to sign every piece of legislation - Veto: Post-adjournment veto, Line item veto - Post-adjournment: Wait till legislature adjourns then vetoes therefore he wins - Line item veto: he can veto specific sections of legislation - Call special sessions of legislature and set agendas for them, if the legislature doesn't finish their job, the governor decides if they meet again and he decides what they talk about - Why give governor line item veto: balance the budget - Supreme court says that it is unconstitutional if the president would have Line item veto - Bully/pulpit: president has the power to persuade the people - Appoint executive branch officials Senatorial courtesy: if the senator who represents an appointees district, they all say no - Texas senate 2/3 vote… - Appoint judges (to fill vacancies): They are elected, the governor of Texas can only appoint judges to fill vacancies otherwise judges in Texas are elected Diffuse Executive Power: Spread along many officials PLURALEXECUTIVE - Secretary is appointed by the governor - All other members of the plural executive are elected by the people Secretary of State: - Maintains government records: articles of incorporation to start a business, they file paperwork with secretary of state, maintains all loan records, - Oversees voter registration and elections most importantly, polling is open, votes are counted, everything on election day is going well - Certify all election results Notes: Texas Executive Governor and 3/24/16 plural executive Lt. Governor - independently elected - “Acting governor” and governor’s successor - Significant legislative power because of the position - Every time governor leaves Lt. takes over - Permanent position on budget board chair (state budget) - Chair of redistricting committee Attorney General - Issues advisory opinions: Other executive branch wants to do something they ask the attorney general then they will write a memo saying if it is constitutional or not - Represents State Comptroller of public accounts - Texas’s accountant - Collects revenue (TAXES) - Projects future revenue and outlays - returns abandoned money http://www.window.state.tx.us/up/ - Invests the state’s money into things (stock market) Commissioner of the general land office - Maintains public lands - Controls mineral rights and development of land Commissioner ofAgriculture - Enforces all agricultural laws, including animal quarantines - Inspects farms and foodstuffs they produce - weights and measures (Gas, makes sure you are actually getting a gallon of gas) Also independently elect Railroad commission - Oil and gas production and transportation - Surface mining - alternative Fuel development, Wind and solar State board of education - sets curriculum - standardized testing