Reform or Revolution
Reform or Revolution History 150C1
Popular in Europe in the Modern World
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by juan gomez on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 150C1 at University of Arizona taught by Minayo Nasiali in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Europe in the Modern World in History at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 10/26/15
Reform or Revolution 0 Key terms from lecture Great reform bill of 1832 The chartists Karl Marx LouisNapoleon Bonaparte Nationalism The Frankfurt Assembly 0 Key terms from reading 0 Haussmannization 0 Key terms from lecture 0 Britain Reform or Revolution 0 O O O O 0 British liberals pursued several major goals that amounted to a program for reform rather than revolution Great Reform Bill of 1832 Campaign to repeal the Corn Laws and promote freer trade 0 New money appearing making most of their pro t from trade 0 2 forms of wealth 0 Based on land 0 Based on industry 0 Corn Laws repealed in 1835 Laborers worked long hours and lived in poor conditions If a laborer was injured they were simply red Liberals making large pro t The work house was a gruesome and moralizing institution where people worked in order to pay their debts to society 0 Reformed individuals Squeezed work out of the people Universal suffrage for all males 0 Great reform bill of 1832 Permitted 1 in 6 males to vote Excluded women and laboring classes Restricted the vote to property owners Extend participation to greater numbers in England Incremental reform Serious voices from the working class and women to be included Small percentage of middle class that bene ts 0 The chartists The People s Charter Want the elimination of the property requirement for voting or running for of ce This would allow other kinds of people to run for of ce Argued that members of Parliament should be paid a salary Argued for universal male suffrage from a property owner to just a working male 20000 workers marched to London in 1838 with a charter that has 6 million signatures Large police force met the workers to keep order British workers did not want to make a mass choice of confrontation Their goal was to show support for their goal Only a few people out of the crowd presented the charter to Parliament 1867 Reform Bill Doubled the franchise Granted suffrage to the responsible working classes 0 Early Socialism Review 19th century Industrialization socialism in uences early 0 Karl Marx 1848 published the Communist Manifesto quotworking men of all countries unitequot Deeply critical of social conditions in Europe Workers needed to regain control over the means of the industry Path to the ideal society was not reform but revolution Revolution would happen when the working classes would rise up and overthrow the middle and high classes BeHeved that inevitable Believed that the Old Regime system had given way to this new capitalist system The ones in charge were now the working classes and liberals Believed revolution was the only way for change while others believed reform was the way to go 1848 every country in Europe had experienced some sort of revolution Marx believed that his theory of revolution was coming through When revolution breaks out he sees that he was right He believes that his version of history might come true this alternative society was 0 Revolutions of 1848 Almost every country in Europe except Britain had experienced revolution These revolutions took place during a period of economic discontent Most of Europe had experienced a resection during 1847 Revolutions of 1848 were more widespread than the revolts in the 18305 Helped the rise of nationalists and socialists and thenideas June 1848 in Paris was the rst revolution 0 Troops from Paris national guard red and killed 40 people severe 3ml revolution in 60 years 0 Revolutionists abolish the monarchy Chamber of deputies establish a provisional government Included 2 socialists as representatives Gradual increases to voters who were considered responsible 1848 in France all males can vote First presidential election in France Lots of violence in France during this period of time that is eating at the presidential election Thousands of people killed by the national guard Nationalism A nation in the 19th century sense of the word refers to a large community of people who believe that they have a common homeland and share a similar culture Believing and imagining a shared community Belief that people who form this nation should have their own political institution and the interests of the nation should be promoted and protected at all costs The imagined geographical boundaries of nations do not often correspond to the geographical boundaries of states Nationalism as the belief in certain myths about the nation Nationalism as a shared or imagined sense of belonging True nation extended all the way to the paci c ocean 19th century nationalists antiquity of their nations Claim involved ction and imagination indicated the o LouisNapoleon Bonaparte Napoleon lll Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte Comes quietly and begins to campaign as president Campaigns for order He is overwhelmingly elected president President of the second republic 18481852 Crowns himself emperor in 1852 and lasts until 1870 Rises out of the tensions and becomes emperor o Nationalism o The Frankfurt Assembly 0 Key terms from reading 0 Haussmannization
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