Week 1 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Brandenburg on Saturday January 17, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 4362 at Ohio University taught by Hoyt in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 141 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology of Justice in Psychlogy at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 01/17/15
Introduction D What are the goals of our legal system 0 Discover the truth vs resolve con icts I OJ Simpson Trial did we discover the truth I We try to resolve the con icts that we may never know the truth about 0 Due Process vs Crime Control I Everyone s constitutional rights are adhered to I Do we give criminals too many rights Should we find the real criminals and punish them to the full extent 0 Rights of Individuals vs Common Good I A criminal who served their time should have the right to start over I Protection of others comes into play 0 Equality vs Discretion I Same punishment for every crime we want equality of punishment but we also want discretion D A Legal Refresher 0 Difference between Congress amp Supreme Court I Congress makes the laws I Supreme Court interprets the laws 0 Importance of rulings I Sets the precedent for court cases and dictates the actions of the court 0 What is the Bill of Rights I The 1St ten Amendments 0 Criminal trials Prosecution amp Defense I Prosecution represents the government NOT the victim but now the prosecution is more oriented with victims than they used to be I Defense supports the person being charged with the crime I Burden of Proof Beyond a reasonable doubt this is on the prosecution 0 Civil Trials Plaintiff amp Defense No government I The plaintiff is the individual with the complaint I The defense is who the case is being brought against I Burden of Proof Preponderance of the evidence lower standard than criminal cases 0 State amp Federal Charges Misdemeanors amp Felonies I Misdemeanors are lesser crimes not violent and you can t spend more than one year in prison or pay more than a 1000 fine I These can build up and become felonies if too many misdemeanors are committed I Felonies involve violence D Social Psychology Refresher 0 What is it I The study of how individuals think about in uence and relate to one another I Lewin s Model 0 Behavior Person Situation I Social cognition I Persuasion conformity group dynamics I Aggression prejudice physical attractiveness I Attitudes about legal issues D History of Psych Law 0 The Brandeis Brief I The labor laws in the late 1800 s I Concerning pregnant women and young children 0 This brought in developmental psychology I 1908 Hugo von Munsterberg I Questioning eyewitness memory I 1954 Brown vs Board of Education I Desegregating the school system 0 Thurgood Marshall 0 Drs Kenneth amp Mamie Clark Doll studies 0 When presented with a white and African American doll the African American child said the white doll was better in all aspects I 1970 s Jury consultants for Harrisburg Seven
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