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General Psychology Week 2 notes

by: Shanna Beyer

General Psychology Week 2 notes PSYC 1030

Marketplace > University of Memphis > Psychlogy > PSYC 1030 > General Psychology Week 2 notes
Shanna Beyer
University of Memphis
GPA 3.9

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week 8 notes
General Psychology
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shanna Beyer on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1030 at University of Memphis taught by Freels in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Memphis.


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Date Created: 03/25/16
Psychology Week 8 Reticular Formation: Crucial aspect of the brainstem as it acts as a filter and plays a large role in attention Reticular Activating System: controls arousal Cerebellum: primarily handles posture, muscle tonem and coordination - evidence that it is also involved in emotions and cognition - stores procedural memories Limbic System: group that includes amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, and ganglia Amygdala: associated with emotional responses - quick startle response, mainly fear - helps consolidate memories with emotional attachment - amygdala hijack: overreacting Hippocampus: located on the interior of the frontal lobe that deals with memory storage and spatial navigation - damage causes amnesia Thalamus: relay system of the brain - takes in sensory information, organizes it, and distributes it - sleep and wakefulness information - damage can induce a coma Hypothalamus: control center for the brain, link between the brain and the endocrine system - sexual orientation - control of food intake Basal Ganglia: fine motor control and motivation - Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease Sleep: Restoration Hypothesis - sleep is important to restore damage - NREM physical - REM mental Adaptive Theory of Sleep: energy conservation method - sleep saves energy - sleep only when it’s safe - animals higher up on the food chain sleep more - inefficient - dangerous - caloric density Consolidation Theory of Sleep: sleep is necessary to process information gained throughout the day - sleep deprivation affects memory - assists in LTM formation - sleep would vary with complexity - learning more in a day would require more sleep Fatal familial Insomnia: prion disease in humans - can’t get past stage one of sleep - fatal with characteristics of thalamus damage Psychological Disorders: DSM-V: handbook used by psychologists to classify and diagnose disorders Paraphilia: sexual arousal to atypical objects, situations, or individuals - dimorphic, 20x more likely to affect males than females - 100 defined types, 3 most common in DSM - Pedophilia: child aged 13 or younger - Exhibitionism: exposing oneself to strangers mostly in public - Voyeurism: watching someone without their consent - Necrophilia: dead bodies - Vampirism: blood - Dendrophilia: trees - Formicophilia: being crawled on by bugs Sleep Disorders: any sleep disturbance that has a negative impact on the daily life on an affected individual Insomnia: difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep - 30% have symptoms - 10% have severe insomnia to cause issues - main cause is substance abuse, - poor circadian health and elevated cortisol Microsleep: involuntary loss of consciousness that lasts between 1-30 seconds Sleep Apnea: breathing interruptions during sleep (i.e. snoring) Narcolepsy: caused by the brain no longer being able to regulate the sleep wake cycle - excessive daytime sleepiness, abnormal REM sleep, cataplexia Kleine-Levine Syndrome- (sleeping beauty disorder) a virus triggers sleep lasting between 15-21 hour per day lasting between one week to a month and display extreme apathy and appetite


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