HHP 2603 one week of notes
HHP 2603 one week of notes HHP 2603
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashlee Creech on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HHP 2603 at Oklahoma State University taught by Anthony Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Total Wellness in Nursing and Health Sciences at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 03/25/16
HHP 2603 Week 21 Notes Vegetarian Lifestyle (Lower BMI) Ovolactovegetarian (Eggs; Milk; Butter;-gain protein) Lactovegetarian (No eggs) Vegan (Plants only; No dairy; More difficult to get acids) Dietary Guidelines: 1) Build healthy plate Make half your plate fruits and vegetables Switch to skim or 1% milk Make at least half of your grains whole Vary your protein food choices Keep food safe to eat 2) Cut back on foods that are high in solid fats, added sugars and salt Choose foods and drinks with little or no sugar 3) Eat the right amount of calories for you 4) Be physically active your way Foodborne illness: Specific populations are at risk (Children, Elderly, Immune deficit) Caused by pathogens (Most Common: Salmonella, Norovirus, E. coli) Most cases go back to food handling Organic foods: Free of pesticides, antibiotics, growth hormones Strick criteria for being certified as organic 100% organic vs organic Good for the environment Food allergy- reaction of the body’s immune system to a food or ingredient Food intolerance- adverse reaction to a food or ingredient Body composition Fat-free mass: Composed of all the body’s non-fat tissue (Bone, water, muscle, connective tissue, organ tissues, teeth) Body fat: Essential fat- lipids incorporated in nerves, brain, heart, liver, mammary glands HHP 2603 Week 21 Notes Nonessential storage fat: Within adipose tissue below skin and around organs Methods of evaluating percentage of body fat: Hydrostatic: Dumped into water- fat rises, muscle sinks Skinfold (Most common at gyms): Trained technician; have to hold it for a certain period, find skinfold and measure Electrical Impedance Analysis (Most common at home): Scales; Measures fat free mass; eating before can make it inaccurate Waist-To-Hip Ratio: Measures your stomach; divide waist measurements by hip; Gut should be smaller than hips DEXA Machine: Accurate but hard to find Health Risks: Reduces life expectancy by 10-20 yrs Associated with unhealthy cholesterol and triglyceride levels, impaired heart function, diabetes, cardiovascular disease Hypertension, cancer, impaired immune function, gallbladder and kidney disease, skin problems, impotence, sleep and breathing disorders, back pain, arthritis, bone and joint disorders Weight cycling or a yoyo diet (going on a diet and getting off then going back again) can make you gain weight Poor or healthy body image can head to more psychological problems Genetic factors are what you grow up learning Physiological factors Metabolism (RMR) Hormones might cause weight gain but it mainly balances everything Fat cells Lifestyle factors: Eating healthy Physical activity Psychosocial is what is normal for you (Family and culture- food being scarce or luxury) Socioeconomic status Dietary habits HHP 2603 Week 21 Notes Total calories such as MyPlate suggestions ad exercise with moderate calorie intake Portion sizes Energy (Calorie) density Eating habits Weight Loss Programs: Do it yourself Noncommercial weight loss programs which area Gov. funded TOPS (Take Off Pounds Sensibly) OA (Overeaters Anonymous) Commercial weight loss programs such as shape-ups Clinical weight loss programs
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