History of Rock
History of Rock MUCO 120
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Popular in Musicology
This 36 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lon Sipes PhD on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUCO 120 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by S. McCollough in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see /class/229876/muco-120-university-of-tennessee-knoxville in Musicology at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 10/26/15
Test 1 Study Guide You must bring a scan form get the full size red form that says GENERAL PURPOSE INK READ NCS PEARSON ANSWER SHEET You also must bring a 2 pencil You may use something hard to write on if you end up with a seat without a desk But you must bring something that has nothing to do with this class The exam will include listening truefalse matching and multiplechoice questions There will also be a listening section in which you will have to identify the performer and style of each song 10 songs will be drawn from the following list They are all available for listening on blackboard Please try it out sooner than later If you can t get it to work on your own computer try a UT computer l have tested the links for all of the songs below Please email Digital Media Services if you are still unable to listen to the songs digitalmediautkedu or 9748076 Song De Boatman s Dance Wildwood Flower Waitin for a Train Soldier s Joy Move It On Over Sheep Sheep Black Snake Moan Crossroads Stormy Monday Shake Rattle and Roll Hound Dog Crying in the Chapel ShBoom The Fat Man lm Walkin Thats All Right Blue Suede Shoes Be My Baby Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow Performer Dan Emmett Carter Family Jimmie Rodgers Gid Tanner and the Skillet Lickers Hank Williams Sr Bessie Jones and The Sea Island Singers Blind Lemmon Jefferson Robert Johnson Urban Blues Joe Turner Big Mama Thornton Orioles The Chords Fats Domino Fats Domino Elvis Carl Perkins The Ronnettes The Shirelles Style Minstrel Show Song Hillbilly Music Hillbilly Music Oldtime string band Honky Tonk Spiritual Country Blues Country Blues TBone Walker Rhythm and Blues Rhythm and Blues Doo Wop Doo Wop New Orleans Rock n Roll New Orleans Rock n Roll Rockabilly Rockabilly Girl Group Girl Group Tracing the Roots of Rock Please know about the background influences that we traced for the following performers Lucinda Williams Red Hot Chili Peppers Amy Winehouse Radiohead Country Roots Ballads Topics Lyric structure quotHillbillyquot Music Hillbilly Stringband Gid Tanner and the Skillet Lickers Grand Ole Opry Ralph Peer Carter Family Jimmie Rodgers Honkey Tonk Hank Williams Sr Early Popular Music in America Minstrel Shows Dan Emmett songwriter Stephen Foster songwriter Instrumentation Race and class issues Tin Pan Alley Pop Sheet Music Irving Berlin Bing Crosby Frank Sinatra Patty Paige African and African American Roots African musical traits Syncopation Swing feeling Blue notes Rattle and Buzz Call and Response Improvisation African Drumming Spirituals Bessie Jones and the Sea Island Singers Country Blues 12 bar blues Robert Johnson King of the Delta Blues Influence of image and music on rock Rhythm and blues Definition How it was a threat Joe Turner Big Mama Thornton Cover Phenomenon quotShake Rattle and Rollquot Joe Turner Bill Haley The Birth of Rock The quotcoverquot phenomenon Pat Boone Bill Haley Teenagers Rebellion Major versus independent record labels Radio and Disc Jockeys Alan Freed Doo Wop Characteristics Crossing over the Orioles the Crows Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers New Orleans Rock 39n Roll Cosimo Matassa Dave Bartholomew Fats Domino Popularity Image Little Richard Comparison to Domino Opinions about Race issues Pat Boone Elvis Presley Paradox of personality Background Sun Records Sam Phillips Popularity Scotty and Bill Col Tom Parker The making of his first recordings Move from Sun to RCA Issues of race around the King of Rock n Roll Rockabilly Sun records Elvis Presley Jerry Lee Lewis Carl Perkins Johnny Cash Buddy Holly Song style Influences Image Chicago RampB Bo Diddley Chuck Berry Songwriting Guitar Playing Chess Records Song Style Payola Scandal What is payola What was the scandal and who was involved Death of Rock n Roll Reasons Payola scandal Rise of the teen idols Dick Clark and American Bandstand Brill Building Pop Goffin and King Leiber and Stoller Girl Groups The Shirelle The Ronnettes Phil Spector The role of producer Wall of Sound Girl Groups Ronnettes Crystals Exam 1 9212010 112800 PM 120 Lucinda Williams lake charles Louisiana Refers to Robert Johnson in the beginning verse delta blues player too cool to be forgotten her music can be described as Americana alternative country country rock folk 3 grammys best country song best contemporary folk album best female rock performance Time called her America s best song writer Doesn t fit in mainstream radio formats 1St album all blues covers Album Little Honey Little Rock Star Amy Winehouse o Stronger Than Me o influenced by early jazz singers o Back to Black 6 grammy nominations 5 wins o Rehab 0 Motown early 1960s blues 0 girl group from the 60s 0 more raw style 0 influenced by black soul Aretha Franklin Carol King o Singersongwriter o Wrote Natural Woman 122 Red Hot Chili Peppers o Suck My Kiss 0 slap bass 0 influenced by funk can trace it back to very early era 0 psychodelic rock o Influences 0 George Clinton produced RHCP album Acid rock guitar sound 0 Ben Kennedy Holiday In Cambodia punk vocal style 0 bury vocals into the music so that sometimes you can t even hear them 0 Sly and the Family Stone Larry Gram one of the first people to popularize bass played a certain way o Under the Bridge 0 more touchyfeely sound that was very uncommon to rock music and their style in particular 0 struggling with drugsloneliness o Stadium Arcadium 2007 best rock album grammy o Dani California video pays tribute to their influences Elvis Jimi Hendrix Cobain The misfits David bowie Alice cooper New york dolls Greenday Sex pistols George Clinton Radiohead o 85 British Rock band named after talking heads song o debut album Pablo Honey Creep 93 o early sound grunge nirvanalite o Okay Computer won grammy in 97 for best alternative album 0 Karma Police Kid A album in 2000 o Started as typical rock band and kept reinventing themselves to the point where people questioned if they were still even considered rock 0 Music from other parts of the world trance brian ino not form oriented no real lyrics sonic youth velvet underground 0 Throwing out traditional way of doing things and starting with something new 125 Radiohead continued o Avant garde roots experimental ideas 0 Utilizing sounds and repetition of sounds 0 Edgar Varez 0 Terry Riley music that doesn t have a verse chorus Built on repetition simple ideas deep listening 0 Velvet Underground 0 Pink Floyd 0 Consider the experimental ideas that were happening in jazz Loved Him Madly minimalist approach 0 Talking Heads o Put album out digitally without record label In Rainbows The beginning o Banjo originally from Africa 0 Carolina Chocolate Drops 0 African Banjos Echos in Appalachia book written on black banjo players 0 Banjos between history and hip hop 0 Symbol of complexities of musical styles in America 0 Black musicians abandon style and move on to different music 0 This is why today you rarely find a black banjo player o Interaction bw black and white music is very dynamic o Black musicians took ballads of white musicians but mixing with banjo etc sounds of their own music o Different types of music intermixed very early o Can t always pinpoint what root songs came from 127 diagram on blackboard o Three Main Stems of Rock 0 Rhythm and Blues 0 Country and Western 0 Pop o British ballads associated with Appalachian mtns O O O O O O o Fiddle O O O O 0 Story songs 4 line stanzas foundation for music today songs about love and longing are still prevalent today role of menwomen in song are also the same today first form of entertainment Most significant instrument in America for british settlers Easy to carrymake Fiddle tunes used for dancing Sally Goodin significant on plantations o Minstrel shows very racist shows 0 O O O O O O 0 Paint faces black and play fiddle and other instruments Sing songs that had AA influence but with European sounds also First time whites taking some AA music and mixing it with their own many of these minstrel show writers were from the north didn t know anything about slaves on plantation what many first learned of blacks were from these very racist shows first significant example of American popular music way to access music go see it live buy sheet music Dixie Boatmanquot fiddle banjo bones tambourine as minstrel shows gained popularity blacks wanted to be associated with it the banjo less and less Influential on countr music o String bands Prebluegrass dance music 191020 guitar began to be produced Gid tanner in the skillet lickers 1926 Grand Ole Opry 1 29 O 0 1st huge country stars discovered in Bristol Ralph Peer producer worked for Victor Records Basically put up flyers saying he was looking for talentwhich led to the following stars B Carter Family and Jimmy Rodgers a Can the Circle be Unbroken Carter Family o perceived as embodiment of white rural Appalachian music o weren t as pure as people thought they were u Jimmy Rodgers from Mississippi hillbilly music o traveling brakeman nickname o mixed many different styles and called it blue yodels o becoming a star with music largely based on black music o Waiting for a train 0 Louis Armstrong playing trumpet o Sings blues with jazz backup 0 Experimentation with different types of music 0 Recordings and radio began at this time o West African influence drums and whistling O O 0 Music was a part of everyday life Example from Univ of Ghana Has influenced US but has also in urban areas been influenced by other styles When slaves were brought to US attempt to stamp out their culturemuch was but aesthetic remained Characteristics Syncopation Heavy use of call and response Improvisation Rattle and buzz dirtying the sound a Not cleanpure tone n Electric guitar a Calimbaembira r and b aesthetic Blues scalesnotes Dissonance 0 African music on the plantations Secular styles work songs Religious styles spirituals a Mix of European religious music and African musical aesthetic 0 Black gospel o Blues Most influential music in America Bringing together European ideas with African aesthetics Grew out of postemancipation era Took elements from communal styles from plantation and put into a more individualistic character About hardships and trials much like spirituals Double meaning Not the only music black musicians were playing AA music much broader than just the blues 0 O O O O O O O 21 c Blues 0 Crystallized in early 1900s 0 Character of the music Robert Johnson Willy Dixon Black Snake Moan n 12 bar blues o each verse of the song fits rhythmically within 12 measures Crossroads n aab lyrical format a slide on guitar to bend in between the notes a rattle and buzz feel a call and response n syncopated u not always in perfect 12 bar format 0 Local Blues Bands Tennessee Chocolate Drops Four Keys n Recorded first records in 19305 in St Oliver Hotel a Lafalotte TN in early days of coalmining and industry Appalachian areas fairly diverse o Blacksimmigrants would move to middle of nowhere to work o Howard Armstrong talks about growing up with different immigrants 0 Spoke 5 languages fluently from living in this area and knew the music for each n Ted Bogan n Vine Street Drag u not from typical areas you might think most blues bands come from u when they moved to Chicago expected to play the blues n Grave Digger Blues o 12 bars o aab lyrical format 13 WC Hand o Blues songwriter o Wrote it down on sheet music TBone Walker o Exploited the electric guitar 0 Can make it louder o Stormy Monday Muddy Waters o Discovered by folklorists 0 John and Alan Lomax 0 Break away from strict 12bar blues Take all of blues and add dance beat Mostly came from swing beat in jazz and mix with electrified blues song RHYTHM AND BLUES wasn t created until the 19405 Was call race music before it was called rhythm and blues Big Joe Turner o Aab lyrical format with dance beat put behind it o My gals a jockey Contrast Pop music 1953 o pop music and rhythm and blue were on opposite ends of the spectrum o pop music much more subduednice o lush orchestration 0 sheet music industry 0 professional o 1 song How Much is that doggy in the window Big Mama Thorton o 1 on rhythm and blues chart You Ain t Nothin But a Hounddog 1949 o post wwii economic prosperity o white teenagers started becoming interested in rhythm and blues musicnot supposed to be listening to it o renegade disc jockeys white on white radiowould put r and b on late nightteenagers would tune in 0 Alan Freed recognized when music started changing and needed a new namecoined the phrase ROCK AND ROLL Roll and role o Cover phenomenon remake rampb sonqs o Development within black music community duwop o Mixing rampb and black vocal styles in church 0 Developed on street corners o Crossovers to the pop charts The Orioles The Crows from beginning Frankie Lymon and the teenagers 56 o Innovatorspioneers of rock and roll little Richard elvis presley chuck barry o DuWOQ o White bands began to cover rampb songs 0 taking advantage of teenage interest in the music sell albums 0 some of the artists might ve actually enjoyed the music like the teenagers 0 came out sounding a lot different cleaned up lyrics more poplike to appeal to era 0 Bill Haley and the Comets Covered Joe Turners song Shake Rattle and Roll n Vocals are cleaner in Bills n clocklike beat in Bills u don t swing the beat 0 covers sold more than originals bc more acceptable to come home with those albums o Indi vs big record labels 0 Big record labels produced acceptable music 0 Indi record labels took a chance on rampb music and later rock and roll o Early Rock and Roll Pioneers 0 New Orleans Thought as the birthplace ofjazz and The birthplace of rock and roll 0 side note rampb had a boogie woogie bass line 0 Little Richard Very charismatic and overthetop a little egotistical Not safe less commercial Very exciting performer o Fats Domino Less so than lr Smooth voice and style M Sold way more records Right below beatles in terms of records sales Safer introductions to black musical styles for teenagers 1949 mixing rampb with something different pop smoothness somewhat country sound to his voice sometimes a Fat Man o didn t have typical bass line was already doing this before the 505 0 Elvis Presley First major star of rock and roll King of Rock and Roll a Right man in the right place at the right time o Talented took different pieces of his musical background and put them together in interesting way o Memphis sun records c At beginning of other artists changing into this genre White Christmas produced by DECA 6 most prominent record labels DECA Columbia RCA Capital MGM Mercury 19461953 era before rock and roll all but 5 of millions of songs produced by these 6 companies Sun Records independent record co Sam Phillips owner Elvis Presley born 1935 o 1953 goes to Sun Records singing ballads o Colonel Tom Parker manager Sold his contract to RCA Take who he was very charismatic and package all his attributes and merchandise him 1St Single n heartbreak hotel 0 paradox good southern boy who sang gospel songs and on the other hand a rebellious figure who shook his hips and sang black style of music o Chuck Barry 0 Roll and roll pioneer 1St significant songwriter 1St significant guitar player distinct electric guitar rampr influenced by blues country and pop Ida May Maybelline 0 hole in the amp left it for the recording Payola record companies pay radio stations to play music o Promoting rampr big deal o Hurt peoples careers 21010 Payola History o Companies pay to put songs on radio set rate o People doing it under the table didn t want set rate bc making bunch of money o Disc jockeys in 1940s 0 Chose records that were played on radio 0 Became part of payola 1950s 250 djs 1953 25000 o opportunities for payola increased 0 happened across the spectrum not just Rampr o brudes broads bribes o payola scandal 0 govt getting involved 0 went after people pushing RampR 0 Dick Clark and Alan Fried came before the committee Dick Clark Video 212 a American Bandstand n Basically got off compared to Alan bc of popularity 0 Put under the table 19805 middle man in payola independent agents 0 bw companies and radio stations 905 for a record company to promote a single song 0 250000 for radio play 2001 figure out all the rules to get around payola rules King and Atlantic records independent New Orleans Fats Domino Little Richie BB King producing at Phillips records video 0 elvis o bo dilly experimental o Maybelline STUDY GUIDE 0 Listening 40 Word bank of songs match with performersgenre 10 0 Combo matching true false mc Match about African American musical characteristics a Definitionexample Fats Domino New Orleans image charisma Not too picky with specifics Who they are why they re important what music they played role influencing r and r BOOK Skim main themes no details main themes Catalysts for birth of r and r Fats domino du wop cover phenomenon renegade djs independent record labels 0 O O O Exam 2 9212010 112800 PM 21710 producers can play a role o creative o controlling c not that present death of rock and roll o End of first era of rock and roll o New teen marketrecord companies recognize itteen idols Everything associated with tin pan alley pop being applied to black music o Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoler o Wrote Hound Dog for Big Mama Thorton 0 Working with the Drifters Craft sound took elements of rampb doowop and mixed with pop On Broadway Brill Building Pop 0 Music created in this building 0 Working with black vocalists 0 Carol King and Jerry Gofin Wrote 23 top 10 hits Benny King Wrote for the Charrels 0 Jeff Barry and Ellie Grenwich Do Ron Ron different sounds bc produced by Phil Spektor not brill building producers 0 Phil Spektor New ideas produced records with completely new sound Control freak Wall of sound production technique a Crammed a bunch of people in one room o Couple pianos guitars percussion drummers all in one small room o Huge rumble of sound The Ronnetts most successful girl band The Righteous Brothers biggest success a Toured on military bases where they got their name a Lovin Feelin 0 Dick Dale and the Deltones King of the surf guitar Influential guitar player staccato style of playing 0 Beach Boys Progression of their music a Surfer Girl o influenced by vocal heavy groups Four Freshman somewhat barbershop o complex harmonies n Brian Wilson one of the brothers o Took over as the producer of the band o Important characters in chain of record producers Surfin USA c stolen from Chuck Barry 1St 1 song o Get Around Wouldn t It Be Nice o abandon normal format o Pet Sounds a I a 219 From Pet Sounds o Caroline No 0 Brian Wilson started writing songs that weren t so teenage Brian Wilson and the Beach Boys o Always had same vocal sound o Moves on to new album 0 Took 6 months and 50l000 one top hit 0 Good Vibrations Theremin and sleighbells used 1966 this is far above what was going on at this time teenage symphony to god II Soul Music o Emotions culture developed out of 505 in to 605 0 James Brown Sam Cook Ray Charles o Civil Rights Movement historical context 0 54 illegal segregated schools 55 Rosa Parks 57 Little Rock 60 JFK elected young era 1St black in cabinet sit ins 63 MLK JFK assassination 65 voting rights walk 65 voting rights act passed by Johnson 0 soul man black power movement grew out of gospel music o Innovators o Ra Chares Genius of Soulquot put elements together gospel with secular words call and response musical genius talented pianist and band leader 0 James Brown Godfather of soulquot a pushed soul forward took roots from Africa a early stuff doowopish with gospel n 605 more soul a 64 I Feel Good o moves away from structure of gospel less melodic more funk groove and rhythm important 0 reflected civil rights movement 0 African roots o Hardest working man in show business 222 o Sam Cook 0 Sweet soulquot less preachy smoother 0 You Send Me c 19605 Record Companies 0 Atlantic and Stax Records Authentic gospel soul sound n Ray Charles Aretha Franklin Booker T Pickett n Atlantic based in NY used Stax in South partnership Had white and black but had more authentic sound 0 Motown Reformulated for mass audience Sam Cook Barry Gordy All black in studio and performers but produced more white music o Video 0 Black singer had 2 pop song of charts Barry Gordy Motown Do You Love Me Stephen Morris blind 12 yr old singer Martha and the Vendellas All musicians were skilled and very talented Smokey Robinson producer of the Temptations Marvalettes Ms Powell charm school tauqht musicians proper ME Learninq routines for on stage By end of 605 Motown artists played on tv shows and exclusive night clubs Down south at Stax Caught Jerry Wexler of ATL records eye a Booker T Jones D Wilson Pickett sang mostly gospel In Midnight Hour o The Jerk dance move 0 O O O O O 0 22410 Motown Formula o Charm School Finishing School 0 Smooth out rough edge in how they acted and how they presented themselves on stage Choreographer o Taught them new ways of dancing 0 Practiced 8 hours a day o Band 0 Solid musicians Professional songwriters and producers Reformulation of soul sound 0 Move away from gritty soul sound Deemphasized bluesy guitar and gritty sax o Moved toward more poppy sound smoother Vocal heavy style 0 Gordy 0 Keep big back beat but smooth and polish elements Actual Songs o hook oriented o utilizing song writers o heat wavequot Martha and the Vendellas 0 written by most successful song writers in Motown Holland Dosher and Holland 0 Goes to 1 HRH 0 Diana Ross 0 The Tem tations David Ruffin u Had problems with rest of band a Drug related death Motown and Barrz Gordz o Had to face changing times Write about love not sex Avoid politics In late 605 Protest movement around Vietnam rules relaxed for songwriting War o Marvin Gay 0 Hired funk brothers and produced album himself bc gordy said noeventually produced it though Lets Get It On o Child stars 0 Jackson 5 0 Stevie Wonder 226 o Aretha Frankin recorded with Atlantic Records at Mussel Shoals Atlantic Records o 1953 Jerry Wexler coined the term rampb 0 worked with Ray Charles o Partnership with Stax in Memphis 0 Wilson Pickett o In 68 Atlantic split and went to Fame Studios in Mussel Shoals Studios in south had white studio musicians b amp w coming together to make musnc Folk Revival o Young people in 19605 became interested in precommercial folk music o Led Belly 0 From Louisiana Lomax bring him to NYC 0 Blues elements to music but waltzy European themes o Woody Guthrie 0 most influential musician of this eramusic o passion for older styles of music but singing about everyday problems socialpolitical commentary people try to come together as a group and reach back to shared cultural identity roots This Land was made for You and Me rephrasing to commentate on current socialpolitical situations Influenced Bob Dylan Made a major imprint on music in America Nora Guthrie had a bunch of lyrics gave Billy Someone and Wilco access to this music and put out music 0 Dylan borrowed songwriting from Guthrie o Pete Seeker O O O O O o John and Allen Lomax o People s Song Movement 0 Roots based music 0 How music was connected to politicalsocial issues 31 Pete Seeker played the banjo made folk revival popular Almanac singers played with woody guthrie Weavers got folk music on the pop charts Mixing together traditional sounding music and getting it on pop charts but had radical side too with politics Rumored as communist Caled before the house on unAmerican activities We Shall Overcome 0 based on old spirituals 0 workers go on strike and sing this song 0 Mont Eagle TN highlander folk school Woman Zilphia came from SC and taught songs a Only place in south where white and blacks met illegally n Rosa Parks came here before she rode the bus Guy Carawin n Goes to school learns song and teaches to others a Largey responsible for spreading song thru the south Pete spread it thru to the north school got shut down so moved to house o Cuban Missal Crisis o Bob Dylan 0 63 previetnam post missal crisis Missals of War 0 not really direct lyrics poetic in nature 0 new level of songwriting WEDNESDAY 315 1964 o Beatles arrive o Rolling Stones come here too o Rock and roll revival Top Albums o Louis Armstrong o Barbara Streisand o Peter Paul and Mary o 4 Beatles albums in one year Beatles o Open doors for other british bands o Invasion of America o George Martin producer 0 Brings different aesthetic o Referred to as the 5th Beatle o Multitrack record 0 First band to experiment heavily with 0 Making 4 separate tracks playing at same time o Stereal recording o Rubber Soul 0 Piano solo George Martin 0 Slowed down tape and played in different key and sped it back up and put it together 0 This album inspired Brian Wilson to do Pet Sounds o Revolver o No guitar drums bass Piano All the lonely people Much different sounds Is this rock and roll anymore 0 O O O AKA British Blues Revival 319 Beatles o Moved away from rock and pop music o Elenor Rigby string quintet sound o Pushed the envelop with new sounds o Album Revolver Elenor Rigby in this album 0 Indian sitar George Harrison started experimenting with this instrument Stripping music down and using sitar c Sgt Pepper s Lonely Hearts Band album moving into psvcadelic rock sound 0 Greatest anticipation for this album o End of the Beatles 0 Over by the end of the 605 0 White album began their falling apart 0 recorded Let It Be brought in Phil Spektor Ronnettes and Righteous Brothers to produce it 0 last album was their biggest seller Abbey Road George Harrison Something and Here Comes the Sun a wrote several songs that became huge hits for the Beatles n died in 2001 of cancer John Lennon was shot in 1980 0 Why the breakup Started Apple Records Manager Brian Epstein died of drug overdose a Band fell Each moving in their own ideas Many blame Yoko Ono Psycodelic era o Ravie Shankar M o Listening same as 1st 0 Only 6 musical styles but 10 examples o Comparison of Motown and Stax Atlantic how they approached the music specific people involved ie Aretha Franklin StaxATL Barry Gordy Motown Funk Brother Motown Booker t Stax 0 significant section on test Focused o tlf and mc that range in topics from study guides O O Exam 3 9212010 112800 PM March 24 British Blues Revival Rolling Stones o Get name from Muddy Waters song o Corriner 0 Did something in forming the rolling stones o Rawness sexuality inyourface part of blues 1963 0 opened for bunch of bands in Europe o Olham 0 Created whole image for them 0 Sang about sex bohemian image charismatic Beatles more charming compared to them 0 Played up controversies o Paint It Black c Let s Spend the Night Together on Sullivan show o convicted of having drugs in apartment o Her Satanic Majesty s Request o Experimentation continuation Baker s Banquet 0 Last album that Albert Jones helped with o Replaced by Mic Taylor o Sympathy for the Devil 0 at Altimant Festival 0 hired Hell s Angels to control show paid in beer stab man who pulls a gun o weren t flower children o weren t intellectual writing songs that made you feel and think rather than protest songs for example o forefront of harder rock styles 0 mixed vocals way down into mix harder to hear dirty o raise more interesting questions in your face and pushing issue though not explicitly more artistic in nature c From album Sticky Fingers 0 Brown Sugar words mixed down into track term refers to a black woman explicitly or heroin slang o What is pushing edges for artistic sake for having something to say or shock value to sell records 0 Rode line a lot and stepped over it a lot 32610 British Blues Revival Influential people o Eric Clapton 0 Yard Birds provided training grounds for EC Jeff Beck Jenny Paige Started with electricblues 0 Forms first significant band Creme a Robert Johnson was someone who influenced Clapton n Struggling child life a Blues was personal expression Clapton was infatuated with it Falls apart Ginger Baker forms new band with Steve Windwood and other a Blind Faith only came out with one album 0 Most lasting contribution Layla a less jam oriented 32910 Hippie Movement San Francisco center of birth of counterculture movement BEAT movement o Dylan and Jim Morrison of the doorsinfluential o Context 0 Oct 65 Haydashberry 66 Merry Pranksters help the Trips Festival with Grateful Dead Big Brother and Holding Companypunch tripped with LSD a lot experimentation with this drug 67 1St human be in began with hindu blessing GD chanting by Ginsberg Give Peace a Chance 0 50000 resides in Haydashberry 67 Summer of Love o light shows and poster art become popular LSD extreme reaction to extreme times Grateful Dead exemplified what this decade was all about o Took counterculture on the road with them o Grew out of folk bands o Jerry Garcia 0 Played bluegrass banjo o Long psychedelic solos o Political in how counterculture they were not explicitly overt though o Made the charts in the dark Jefferson Airplane o Gray Slick first woman to form rock band 0 White Rabbit Somebody to Love brought from other band 0 Signed by RCA want control but not what this era was about They shockingly won after formed own label 331 Janis Joplin o Blues influence o Regarded herself as not attractive when moved to San Francisco gets hit on o Full Tilt Boogie working with this band on album when she died Monterrey Festival o Summer 1967 Summer of Love 0 Most performers played for free 0 music love and flowers 0 Ravie Shankar Arlow Guthrie Santana know what the film has to say about sly and the family stone etc don t have to know these 0 Jimmie Hendrix closed Bonnaroo Film 45 2002 Manchester TN Janis blues and bluegrass Human bein o Authentic lives real feeling not condition feeling Grateful dead tour Acid test Santana 0 Blues foundation combined with afrocuban music 0 Talks about Hendrix cinema scope largeness of his sound Jimi Hendrix Jimi Jarvis and the blue flsomething Jimi Hendrix Experience 0 Townsend and the Who convo on who was going to play 1st 0 Competition both known for smashing their guitars who was gonna do it firstHendrix doesn t care so Who goes firstHendrix topped it anyway Showmanplaying guitar lefthanded upsidedowntransformed the electric guitar Was doing things that nobody had thought to do before Felt trapped by the fact that people were so excited by showmanship bc he was also very interested in the music In video 0 Quoted another song in solo strangers of the night 0 Had he lived past 27 he would ve experimented more with jazz Electricity of electric guitar Play around with string sounds Turn amplifier up really loud and harness that sound Electric lady land studios Pushed edges of what you could actually do in the studio Really good at crafting things in the studio Sound painting thought about sounds as color 0 O O O 47 band that come out of late 605 that point ahead to the 705 o The Who 0 Point back to british invasion phenomenon Formed in 1964 Had limited chart success in US early on My Generation anthem at Monterrey not popular on charts at first big guitar with power chords angry feeling on stage pete townsend replaces drug use with eastern mystical influencesmind altering spiritual feeling piece of transformation mayher baba influence wrote 1St rock opera n Tommy was stricten by audiences feeling of ecstasy and way of dancing n Take biographical info from audience Terry Riley n Aka chance music Creating music out of limited number of patterns a In C o took 52 short fragments and gave to musicians and said playnot when or how o what you end up with every time its different u did solo pipe organ concert with this technique NY very different from California o Lsd not drug of choice in nyc o Heroine was more common Velvet Underground o Wrote songs that reflected what he saw as unspokenunseen o Underground life of nyc gritty side o Not interested in being flashy explored dissonance noise and distortion in music o Influence on the doors 0 O O O O o Associated with Andy Warhol O O Took commercial elements of art and put it on its head The factory o House band for these art shows o Called them the plastic something inevitable o Drones one not that never changes creates dissonance o Turning rock music on its head commentary to disturb people 49 California The Doors o Jim Morrison inspired by velvet underground 0 O O O O O Went to ucla film school met band member there Drama Formed in 65 in LA didn t quite fit in California hippy scene Charismatic and sexually charged presence on stage Albums went 1 3 1 More involved with drugs and alch became interested in theater of the absurd theater group Creates lizard king persona How far can he push his audience o 705 where music went in the 705 O O O O O O O O 0 art rock grew out of psychedelic rock beatles experimentation the who folk rock bob Dylan beatles Crosby stills and nash singer songwriter james taylor carol king country rock country influences with rampr attitude Dylan the birds southern rock back to basics rock mixing blues and country which is exactly how r and r started heavy metal black Sabbath influenced by led zepplin funk extension of African American musical traditions james brown sly and the family stone corporate rock flashy arena shows disco antirock punk consciously anticorporaterock o Country rock 0 Dylan experimented with country music elements 0 Gram Parsons Grew up very wealthylooking for something else Something to get from country Friends with member of rolling stones 0 Emmy Lou Harris Got her start singing with gram 0 David Crosby left the Birds Gram parsons replaced him 412 705 movie o experimentation came out of different strands of rock of the end of the 605 o mid to late 705 corporate rock 0 predict trends and what will sell a lot of rock Pink Floyd 0 Dark side of the moon sgt pepper of the 705 o Began in psychedelic era Influenced by classical psych rock in the 605 Sid Barrett Creative voice Songwriter and guitarist Freak Outsbreakdown5 forced him out David Gilmore replaced Barrett for guitar Rodger Waters songwriter but already in the band Trendsinfluences Experimentation with long extended jams Avant garde trends in art Terry Riley minimalism Edgar Varese n Interested in organized sound a Integration of different sounds and organization of such 0 1973 dark side of the moon 0 O O O utilize consistent heartbeat playing around with sounds stayed on charts for 735 weeks trend in art rockprogressive rock n unusual time signatures 75 Wish you were here sid barrett tribute 77 animals helium balloon of animal upping stage performance 79 the wall animated film to go with it brick wall on stage in between o Singersongwriters 0 Jackson Brown running on empty Elton john bennie and the jets From dylan s focus on lyrics James taylor king of singersongwriter realm Connecting with people but discussed personal issues Made harder rock style to have more introspective lyrics James Taylor Sweet babyjames wrote in rehab for heroin fire and rain Carol King Tapestry Joannie Mitchell Adventurous style Blue All I Want 0 O O O O O O O 0 416 Led Zepplin o Influenced by blues revival and experimentation of psychedelic era o Taking blues songs and rework making their own but often not giving credit complicated o Received criticism bc of this o Dominate women Ozzy Osbourne o Parents being afraid of musician o Children inspired by song to do something bad o Suicide solution o Intention vs o Intense stuff out therewho s responsibility 419 o southern rock back to basics o Allman Brothers Original sound with 2 brothers More than one lead guitar player a Became southern rock tradition Dwayne allman dies in motorcycle accident 0 Lynard Skynard Synonymous with the term southern rock Shows love of blues Blurred line bw rockcountry and southern rock Question of race and music in the south a What is southern pride a Sweet Home Alabama o complicated lyrics about reference to race and segregation 0 Punk 0 Neil Young godfather of grungeking is gone but isn t forgotton 1994 green dayis this even punk anymore alternative Antiestablishment music other music of era too commercial Antirock 19605 bands precursors MC5 CGBGs a Television with Tom Verlane and Richard someone a Beginning of punk had a lot to do with poetry Patty smith Ramones 2 minutes long rejecting norms no guitar solos Talking Heads 0 O O O O n n n 421 Talking Heads Sex Pistols o Malcolm Maclarin 0 Manager for NY Dolls o Moved back to britian and opened a store called sex 0 Out or store started the Sex pistols 0 Anti rock and anti establishment in an extreme way 0 More aggressive than CGBG bands 0 Anarchy in the UK 0 didn t manage to hold together in the US The Clash o Reggae inspiring UK Grunge o Indi label Sunpop records 0 Distinct sound evoke Motown 0 Highly produced synthesized song 0 Rare instance in which something in your face on the edge broke through to the mainstream o Nirvana 0 Bikini Kill I Like fing railing against the male dominated sense of everything Hip hop o Developed largely out of a lot of areas rock started o Main roots 0 Reggae 1 Inspirational in political framework South Bronx center of urban decay 2 Funk big beats and lack of chord structure and melody focus on groove huge push toward development of hip hop George Clinton a Tour in the 705 mothership something a Most money black artist spent on concert tour
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