SOC 100 Week 10
SOC 100 Week 10 SOC 100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 03/25/16
SOC 100 Week 10 Chapter 7 Deviance Sociological perspectives on Deviance (continued) o Interactionist Labeling theory Acts are deviant or criminal because they have been labeled as such A norm violator will be labeled deviant depending on the social characteristics of the: o Perpetrator Some people more likely to be defined as deviant than others Ex: teen shoplifter vs. elderly shoplifter o Victim Someone who deserves it vs. innocent “miniskirt justifies rape” “young man given shorter sentence due to victims being homosexual and murderer having no criminal record, being in college, and whose father is a police officer” o People who do the labeling Ex: characteristics of the jurors important o Judge Clicker: what should be done about veterans committing crimes ? o 2/3 believe they should be punished for the crime but also should be treated for PTSD How we are labeled can affect us Medicalization of deviance Growing influence of psychiatry and medicine in the US has influenced definitions of deviance Medicalization of deviance= transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical condition Differential association theory Deviant behavior is learned in interaction with others People we hang out with influence our behavior Hirschi Control Theory Deviance occurs when social bonds to conventional institutions, such as family, school, or employer are weak May need to use more than one theory when evaluating deviance Which theory you use makes a difference in your outlook on deviance o Clicker 2 year old is coming over so we better take all the glass vases off the table which theory? Opportunity theory o Clicker “Beth, be sure to be home from the party by 9. You know what type of people stay up until 10” which theory? Differential association Conventional street crime o Violent force against others o Property robbery, larceny, motor vehicle theft o Moral victimless crimes (prostitution, drugs, illegal pornography) o White collar overlooked? Conflict theorist says that white collar crime receives less attention because it is committed by the ones making the rules Ford Pinto Case o Ford was aware of a design flaw from the beginning o Cost benefit analysis internal memo: cost to fix problem vs. cost of lawsuits for death, injury, and vehicle burnouts o Cost to fix= $137 million ($11 per vehicle) o Cost of lawsuits= $ 49.5 million ($200,000 per death, $67,000 per injury, $700 per vehicle burnout) o Ford calculated that they saved $87.5 million Chevrolet – ignition issues o Ignition shut off randomly o GM knew of problem earlier, but never issued recall o 13 people died o Finally recalled Deviance and Inequality: SocioConflict Analysis o Deviance reflects social inequality o Conflict theorist perspective o People who we commonly consider deviants share the trait of powerlessness o Norms of any society generally reflect the interests of the rich and powerful o People who threaten the wealthy are defined as thieves or radicals Conflict Perspectives o Deviance and Power Relations Lifestyles considered deviant by political and economic elites are often defined as illegal Sometimes powerless act out on unfairness “social dynamite” – rioters “social Junk” – homeless, poor people o Deviance and Capitalism Laws and criminal justice system protect the power and privilege of capitalist class Capitalism based on private control of wealth Capitalism depends on productive labor If not productive = deviant Capitalism depends on respect for authority If not = deviant Anyone who directly challenges the capitalist status quo is likely to be defined as deviant Vice versa support capitalism and won’t be declared deviant o Ex: taking to streets for Super Bowl win vs. to protest Wall Street o Feminist Approaches Liberal – women’s deviance arises from gender discrimination Radical – focuses on patriarchy Socialistic emphasizes the effects of capitalism and patriarchy on women’s deviance Less sexism in socialistic countries Crimes against consumers Scams Fraud Tax evasion Clicker you’re most likely to be a victim of fraud if you belong to which demographic group? o *Right answer is people older than 50 years old* Clicker Which types of scam lures the most victims? o Credit Related Scams Crimes Against the Public o Waste management Crimes against employees o Wage violations o Health and safety violations Crimes against employers o Embezzlement o Business credit fraud White Collar Crime o Specific crimes not important o Much more harmful in general than street crime Get less attention o Ex: Doug Hughes Flew a helicopter onto the white house lawn as a demonstration against political corruption
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