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SOC 100 Week 10

by: luke koppa

SOC 100 Week 10 SOC 100

luke koppa
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

these notes cover the final sections on Chapter 7- Deviance.
General Sociology
John Brouillette
Class Notes
sociology, SOC 100, deviance
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 03/25/16
SOC 100 Week 10 Chapter 7 Deviance   Sociological perspectives on Deviance (continued) o Interactionist   Labeling theory  Acts are deviant or criminal because they have been labeled as  such  A norm violator will be labeled deviant depending on the social  characteristics of the: o Perpetrator  Some people more likely to be defined as deviant  than others   Ex: teen shoplifter vs. elderly shoplifter o Victim  Someone who deserves it vs. innocent   “miniskirt justifies rape”  “young man given shorter sentence due to victims  being homosexual and murderer having no criminal  record, being in college, and whose father is a  police officer” o People who do the labeling  Ex: characteristics of the jurors important o Judge  Clicker: what should be done about veterans committing crimes ? o 2/3 believe they should be punished for the crime but also  should be treated for PTSD  How we are labeled can affect us  Medicalization of deviance  Growing influence of psychiatry and medicine in the US has  influenced definitions of deviance  Medicalization of deviance= transformation of moral and legal  deviance into a medical condition  Differential association theory  Deviant behavior is learned in interaction with others  People we hang out with influence our behavior  Hirschi Control Theory  Deviance occurs when social bonds to conventional institutions,  such as family, school, or employer are weak  May need to use more than one theory when evaluating deviance  Which theory you use makes a difference in your outlook on  deviance o Clicker­ 2 year old is coming over so we better take all the glass vases off the  table­ which theory?  Opportunity theory  o Clicker­ “Beth, be sure to be home from the party by 9. You know what type of  people stay up until 10” ­ which theory?  Differential association   Conventional street crime o Violent­ force against others o Property­ robbery, larceny, motor vehicle theft o Moral­ victimless crimes (prostitution, drugs, illegal pornography) o White collar­ overlooked?  Conflict theorist says that white collar crime receives less attention  because it is committed by the ones making the rules  Ford Pinto Case o Ford was aware of a design flaw from the beginning o Cost benefit analysis internal memo: cost to fix problem vs. cost of lawsuits for  death, injury, and vehicle burnouts o Cost to fix= $137 million ($11 per vehicle) o Cost of lawsuits= $ 49.5 million ($200,000 per death, $67,000 per injury, $700  per vehicle burnout) o Ford calculated that they saved $87.5 million  Chevrolet – ignition issues o Ignition shut off randomly o GM knew of problem earlier, but never issued recall o 13 people died  o Finally recalled   Deviance and Inequality: Socio­Conflict Analysis o Deviance reflects social inequality o Conflict theorist perspective  o People who we commonly consider deviants share the trait of powerlessness o Norms of any society generally reflect the interests of the rich and powerful o People who threaten the wealthy are defined as thieves or radicals  Conflict Perspectives o Deviance and Power Relations  Lifestyles considered deviant by political and economic elites are often  defined as illegal  Sometimes powerless act out on unfairness  “social dynamite” – rioters  “social Junk” – homeless, poor people o Deviance and Capitalism  Laws and criminal justice system protect the power and privilege of  capitalist class  Capitalism based on private control of wealth  Capitalism depends on productive labor   If not productive = deviant  Capitalism depends on respect for authority  If not = deviant   Anyone who directly challenges the capitalist status quo is likely to be  defined as deviant   Vice versa­ support capitalism and won’t be declared deviant o Ex: taking to streets for Super Bowl win vs. to protest Wall  Street  o Feminist Approaches  Liberal – women’s deviance arises from gender discrimination   Radical – focuses on patriarchy  Socialistic­ emphasizes the effects of capitalism and patriarchy on  women’s deviance   Less sexism in socialistic countries   Crimes against consumers  Scams  Fraud   Tax evasion  Clicker­ you’re most likely to be a victim of fraud if you belong to which demographic  group? o *Right answer is people older than 50 years old*  Clicker ­ Which types of scam lures the most victims? o Credit Related Scams  Crimes Against the Public o Waste management  Crimes against employees o Wage violations o Health and safety violations  Crimes against employers o Embezzlement o Business credit fraud  White Collar Crime o Specific crimes not important o Much more harmful in general than street crime  Get less attention o Ex: Doug Hughes  Flew a helicopter onto the white house lawn as a demonstration against  political corruption


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