Intro to Theatre, Week 8 Notes
Intro to Theatre, Week 8 Notes CO 1503
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CO 1503 at Mississippi State University taught by William Stockstill in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Theatre in Communication at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 03/25/16
Intro to Theatre England and France Theatre History Political struggle between Roman catholic and Protestant Henry VIII formed a new church simply to regain power and to get divorced English civil war o Puritans replaced the monarch with the Commonwealth o Parliament elected Oliver Cromwell in 1653 as Lord Protector or Prime Minister Theatre in the Commonwealth They banned theatre o Because sexual humor and criticizing government and religious organizations Theatre was being produced illegally o If you got caught, you were jailed or killed Return of the Monarch After Cromwell’s death, the Commonwealth had lost its leader and its voice People grew angry and dissatisfied Invited the monarch back o Charles II came back from France o Has limited power and rules with Parliament Charles in France Neoclassicism o Origin in Italy but exploded in France o This was the word in anything France o Verisimilitude is the appearance of truth o Shakespeare didn’t follow Neoclassicism Neoclassicism unities o Time No more than 24 hours o Place One location Characters travel in timely manner o Action One plot with little to no subplot o This theatrical principle would become one of the most important ideas in theatre history Followed for 300 years Leads to Realism Charles returns Parliament reinstates the limited monarch and Charles II comes to power in England He brings French theatrical ideas with him Issued royal permits or patents o Theatre is now licensed by the government o Censorship starts Restoration comedy Comedy of Humours o Comedy of character instead of situational comedy o Verbal wit Comedy of Manners o Most popular of all comedies o Characters drawn from the upper classes o Character interest Sex and seduction Arranged marriages The latest fashions Witty repartee o Often substituted words for others to get past government censorship o Appealed to middle class because made fun of upper class The Drag Queens France o Women were allowed to act for Neoclassicism England o Men played all female roles Charles II allows females to act finally when he comes back to England o Comedies were getting extremely sexual Ballad Opera In 1978 the first ballad opera was produced o Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera Emerged in part out of the popular Italian Opera Included spoken dialogue with lyrics set to popular songs of the time o Audience could sing along Moliere Likes to write in French verse Audience is aristocrats whom he makes fun of French scenes o Whenever someone comes or leaves it is a new scene Follows unity of time, place, and action Fast comedy with Neoclassics Gets around censorship with hidden meaning and word play Moliere was married to a 16 year old so he was making fun of himself too School for Wives Act 1 is rising action and build up Act 2 is the big reveal Agnes is actually smarter than Arnolphe Arnolphe thinks he is smarter because he is a man Servants are zany and comic relief
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