Cyterski PSYC 3230
Cyterski PSYC 3230 3230.0
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Snyder on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 3230.0 at University of Georgia taught by Cyterski in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 10/26/15
Lecture Notes Week 10 October 19 2015 c Having genes that predispose you to alcoholism increase the likelihood by 20 Stimulants 0 Increase activity of the CNS heart rate blood pressure respiratory rate 0 Cocaine amphetamines caffeine nicotine Cocaine 0 Several ways to ingest powder form liquid form heating and inhaling the fumes crack cheaper 0 Increasing dopamine levels key receptor sites dopamine quotfloodingquot o Increases norepinephrine and serotonin o Cocaine intoxication Hallucinations andor delusionsdrug induced psychosis o Withdrawalscrashes can be very dangerous Depresses the brain39s respiratory function can stop breathing 0 High may not be euphoric can just intensify emotions angry outbursts instead quotStreet Interview w a Cocaine Addictquot httpswwwyoutubecomwatch VR3GYKDf5M Very well spoken guy mentions drug use as being similar to a quotnervous tickquot uses it to not think about is past 0 quotbrain gets fuzzyl can only focus on the moment can39t think about the past or the futurequot Amphetamines o Intoxication and psychosis o Methamphetamines most common amphetamine 0 Highly addictive 0 Some are legal ADHD drugs Used to be in diet pills available over the counter Gaining popularity in recent years First few times using is an actual frontal lobe decision With continued use brain moves the desire for the drug to the area of brain that controls need for basic necessities food water shelter etc Meth Addict Going Crazy httpswwwvoutubecomwatch vWoRc0UHijA OO Hallucinogens o Psychedelic drugs quottripsquot can last for a long time 612 hrs 0 Can have quotbad tripsquot scary hallucinations paranoia Natural hallucinogens Mescaline peyote cactus Psilocybin mushrooms Laboratory produced hallucinogens LSD Lysergic acid diethylamide MDMA ecstasy 0 Similar to amphetamines but plus hallucinations 0 Can stop people from sweating which can create a problem if people drink too much water resulting in hyponatremia too little sodium in blood bc of dilution 0 LSD Comes from a fungus can be ingested in a crystalized liquid or tab form Synesthesia merging of senses during a trip hearing colors tasting sounds Binds to serotonin receptors in visual and auditory tracts disrupting senses Less addictive less deaths caused directly by LSD injuries are usually caused by hallucinations Not usually any withdrawal symptoms or a tolerance build up Flashbacks can occur disruption of sensesvisual hallucinations after drug has left system 0 Cannabis classi ed as hallucinogenic but is very mild October 21 2015 Comes from hemp plant Hashish gummy resin Marijuana THC tetrahydrocannabinol Reduces anxietyirritability Halluginogenic depressant and stimulant effects High can last 12hrs all the way up to 56hrs Users can develop a tolerance but it39s not considered a very addictive drug HEAW users report withdrawal symptoms Paranoia panic poor concentration impaired memory lack of ability to control impulses Today39s weed has 2x the THC that weed had in the 70s 0 What causes substance use disorders 0 Best explanation a combination of factors 0 Genetic predisposition DRDZ gene on chromosome ll majority of alcoholics have this gene and most nonalcoholics don39t Abnormal dopamine receptors 0 Key neurotransmitter Affects other areas of the brain Reward de ciency syndrome sufferer s brains are not AS stimulated so they end up turning to drugs to receive the same stimulation that the rest of the population receives naturally Hypersensitivity to the substances shuts down neurotransmitter production so people are literally addicted to the drug and why they experience severe withdrawal symptoms 0 Causes of substance disorders 0 Sociocultural views Lower socioeconomic status Poverty Social environments where substance use is valuedacceptedencouraged 0 Cognitive behavioral views Operant conditioning Using has positive effects pleasurableenjoyable feelings D positively reinforced Also negatively reinforced being stressed out and feeling relieved after smoking a cigarette Cognitive expectancy for reward develops The expectations of feeling good on their second third fourth etc time using c How are substance use disorders treated O O 0 Typically a combination of inpatient and outpatient treatment Detoxi cation Denial First step is admitting you have a problem Agonist substitution Substituting in a less addicting drug Common among heroin addicts Weening an addict off a drug Medications Diversion therapy Pairing the addictive stimuli with an unpleasant result 0 Ex smelling cigarette smoke nausea after smoking a whole pack in a controlled setting which is dangerous 0 Treatment 0 O O Contingency management Relapseprevention training Selfhelp and residential treatment programs Most common Alcoholics Anonymous AA Chapter 11 Disorders of Sex and Gender Disorders of sex amp gender 0 2 general categories of sexual disorders Sexual dysfunction Paraphilic disorders 0 Sexual Dysfunctions 0 Cannot respond normally in key areas of sexual functioning 31 of men and 43 of women 0 Typically very distressing 0 Cycle of 4 phases Desire Excitement Orgasm Revolution 0 One or more of the rst three phases 0 Different Types of Sexual Behavior 0 Kinsey Study D late 19405 and early 19505 Highly controversial ndings about sexual behavior in the US 0 Masters and Johnson Late 19605 In a laboratory setting 0 TheJanus Report 1993 Surveyed con dential 3000 people worldwide October 23 2015 0 Male Motivation 0 Men are more likely to masturbate 0 Men spend more time and money trying to get sex 0 Men when surveyed instigate 5ex more often and say no to sex less often than women 0 Sexual Motives and Responses Psychological science 0 Video watched in class not a single girl said yes to the stranger asking them to have sex with him 0 httpswwwvoutubecomwatchvoxvaRorYsU different video same concept Attitudes toward Sex do men and women differ httpwwwmacmillanhigheredcomlaunchpadcomerfund7e1874644aunc hpaditemANGELp5ychportalcomerfund7e master012C2DC620ABF1C5E6DE3llBA346004C modePreviewampincludeDi5cu55ionFa5eamprenderFNETrueamprendernfne Disorders of Desire 0 Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Lack of interest in sex but function normally during sex 16 of men suffer Some studies are being done about hyperactivity disorders very controversial 0 Female Sexual InterestArousal Desire Rarely initiate sex 33 of women Lack of desire lack of physical arousal 0 Biological sociocultural and psychological factors in both disorders Some medications SSRls birth control antidepressants and iHegaldrugs Anxiety depression anger memories fears Higher estrogenprogesterone lower sex drives Higher testosterone higher sex drives Sex drive can decrease with age There are no biological differences between heterosexual and homosexual people Disorders of Excitement 0 Men erections 0 Women vaginal lubrication swelling of clitoris and labia 0 Men can have trouble achieving andor maintaining erections and it be totally normal Emotions it39s almost impossible for a man to maintain an erection and simultaneously be angry at someone Around 12 of all adult men have had this problem at some time Erectile Disorder ED 0 Persistent inability to attainmaintain an erection o 10 of general male population 0 Biological causes Hormonal imbalances Vascular problems Medicationssubstance abuse Viagra httpwwwmacmillanhioheredcomlaunchpadcomerfund7e1874644launc hpaditemANGELpsvchportalcomerfund7e master012C2DC620ABF1C5E6DE3llBA346004E modePreviewampincludeDiscussionFalseamprenderFNETrueamprenderlnfne o Discovered in search for drugs to help relieve constriction of blood vessels around the heart 0 VERY rare to take dysfunctional tissue and return it to normal functioning Viagra is over prescribed 9 of men have ED Sold be P zer Nocturnal Penile Tumescence NPT Natural during REM sleep for a person to experience sexual arousal Device that measures the diameter of the penis throughout the night Used when trying to nd cause of ED physical or mentalemotional o Psychological Causes Depression Performance anxiety quotam I doing it rightquot Spectator role feeling detached during the sexual encounter rather than a participator OOOO Disorders of Orgasm 0 Men semen is ejaculated 0 Women outer 12 of vaginal walls contract Premature Ejaculation O O 0 Persistent reaching of orgasm and ejaculation within one minute of beginning sexual activity or before he wishes to Mostly attributed to youngerless experienced men and hurried masturbation experiences 30 of all men sometimes experience ED May be the result of quotover arousalquot emotionally OR physically especially sensitive penile nerves
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