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RUS 100 Week of 3/21 Notes

by: Sarah Jessica Harris

RUS 100 Week of 3/21 Notes 637747

Sarah Jessica Harris
Pennsylvania State University Altoona
GPA 3.22

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Everything from this weeks (3/21/16) lecture. Enjoy, and happy Easter to those celebrating!
Russian 100
Irene Hurd
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Jessica Harris on Friday March 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 637747 at Pennsylvania State University Altoona taught by Irene Hurd in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Russian 100 in Russian at Pennsylvania State University Altoona.

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Date Created: 03/25/16
Russian 100 Notes: Week of 3/21/16    ● VIII. Unpredictable behavior ­ equates to wild outbursts. They are very patient  people, however quick changes from calm to range can occur, and then  dissipate.  ● Swaddling ​ ­ behavior may be explained by this. Swaddling is a European  custom where you wrap the baby head to toe in cloth, so that the baby cannot  move. Baby is unwrapped every so often so that the baby can move. Purpose of  this was to make sure the baby grows straight, and will last for a few months.  Transition from womb to outside world.   ● Conform ­ ​ to do as you were told.   ­No one was to challenge anything  ­From a young age you learn to conform  ­Those who do not conform are arrested  ­People became passive ­ accepted this way of life  ­They just accepted everything  ● This is due to…  1. Fear of the state (KGB...etc…)  2. Isolation from the world (they knew no other way of life)***  ● Attitude towards foreigners...  ­by nature, they are suspicious and distrust foreigners (Xenophobia***)  ­history of invasions  ­isolation (feeling of being cut off from the world)  ­fear of what they do not know  ● Gorbachev gives them the freedom to travel/press  ● If anyone spoke to a foreigner during communism, that person would be called in  for questioning at the local KGB office and would have to pay a fine  ● They were told that all foreigners, especially Americans, were spies. They were  told that foreigners brought in poisoned candy for their children. That foreigners,  especially Americans spread STD’s.  ● They had poor access to news, most TV was soviet propaganda.  ● Real news was sold on the black market, by copying news from Liberty Radio  ● Why all the restrictions?  ­government didn't want them to make comparisons with foreign countries  ­inferiority complex  ● Before Gorbachev  I. Would try to show the advantages of their system over the US  ­Bragged about job security (no unemployment under communism)  ­Lack of discrimination among all of their ethnic groups  ­Low crime rate  ­Education and health care were free  ­No inflation (prices don’t go up)  ­Low cost of housing  ­Their government took care of them (from the cradle to the grave) (they  were frightened by the chaotic way of life in the US ­ how we are all on our own and  everything is uncertain)  II.Asking questions about the United States  ­Salaries (they want to know how much people make ­ which is not a  comfortable topic for most Americans)  ­How much your house costs?  ­How much is your rent?  ­How much is your car?  ­Wanted to know about the president (First JFK, then Bill Clinton)  ● Post Gorbachev  I.Complaining (about the problems in their country ­ inflation, poverty, income,  etc…) and worrying about drugs, economic decline, etc…  II.Asking questions (again) about the United States  ● It was difficult for many Russians to think of Americans in a positive way. They  liked us, but their government was constantly using propaganda against us.  Anything and everything about the United States, was negative, and anything  and everything about the Soviet Union, was positive.   ● Why did the government do this?  ­To show the superiority of their political system over the American political  system.  ● The media stressed an image of greed, corruption, strikes, discrimination, crime,  violence, riots, poverty, hunger, unemployment, and the homeless, in America.  ● The Canadian branch of McDonald’s, took 10 years to come to an agreement to  bring McDonald’s to Russia.  ● A Soviet Film crew at a McDonald’s in New York, gave a positive review of the  restaurant (this is the first positive view of America in a long time). They  commented on the speedy service, friendly employees, smiling faces, and food  that was “pretty good”.  ● Khrushchev called McDonald’s a capitalist conspiracy of tasteless food.   ● 1990, the first McDonald’s opens in Moscow.  ● Thousands of young Russians applied to work at the McDonald’s, the most  difficult thing for them to learn was how to smile and be warm/friendly to  customers.  ● For Russians, it was strange learning how to eat a burger with buns. They would  separate the burger from the bun and eat it separately.   ● This opening started the beginning of fast food in Russia.  ● By the end of 2015 there were 438 McDonald’s in Russia.  ● The government tried to close these McDonald’s with health violations.  McDonald’s would quickly fix these and get back to a normality.   ● Whatever rubles they made, in profits there, could not be turned into dollars.  ● McDonald's was a success story in Russia.  ● There came a time when the Russians grew tired of copying another culture’s  ways (USA), and turned back to their own roots.  ● Snickerization​  ­ the Americanization of Russia ­ the snickers candy bar, which  was the most popular American food, in Russia, became a negative image of  American culture.  ● Soviets, during the cold war, separated the American government and the  American people. They visualized the American government and western  governments as very hostile. They genuinely feared us, primarily because of the  possibility of nuclear war.  ● They understood that the US could annihilate them very quickly in a nuclear war.   ● They never wanted war, however they were very suspicious of the United States.  ● Areas of competition***  ­World influence  ­Arms race  ­Some areas of space exploration  ● The race to the moon was between the Russians and the Americans.   ● Russians had Spotnik and cosmonauts.  ● The Russians were happy for the Americans, when we landed on the moon, but  the scientists were also sad, because they believed that they would have been  able to do it too, if they’d had support from their government, like the US did.  ● With Soviet agriculture, farmers had to turn over everything to the state.   ● Many of the farmers refused to turn over produce.  ● In response, Stalin sent in troops and had these ‘rebels’ shot, sent to labor  camps, arrested, etc.   ● During this period, Stalin eliminated about 15 million people (about 7 million of  these deaths were Ukrainian)       


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