Lecture Seven History 1063
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Ward on Monday October 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Andrew Lang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see Early US History in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 10/26/15
Lecture 7 Nationalism and Sectionalism I Nationalism after the War of 1812 II A B C 1 After the winning of the war of 1812 America was proud of the country Settlers began to stream west to inhabit the still newly procured Louisiana Purchase Americans began to look into new technology and the spread of slavery How did the spirit of nationalism come about Political debates began because of competing interests created by sectionalism What caused Nationalism to fail and sectionalism to succeed Economic Nationalism Growth of the United States Settlers ooded into the west Population growth went from 75 million in 1810 to 10 million in 1820 This was largely because of the new western states Agriculture was the dominant trade The southeast drew settlers because of its great soil New ways to move around the US was created including canals steamboats and eventually railroads Market Revolution Prior to the 18teens most Americans lived on sustenance farms This means they simple farmed to feed themselves With the advent of cheaper transformation smallscale farms began to produce tobacco cotton Etc because it was economically adventitious People began taking greater risks because the reward was possibly greater Nobody asked What if the Market collapses New Republicans They were generally younger men They disregarded Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian ideas They wanted a more stable banking system and more stable commerce They pushed economic advancements John C Calhoun South Carolina and Henry Clay Kentucky pushed the ideas for the party They believed much like Hamilton Tariff of 1816 IV 0 This was a tax on foreign goods o It was now more to an American s advantage to buy nationally instead of internationally o This protected American manufacturers from foreign markets Calhoun originally supported this tariff 2 Second Bank of the United States 1816 o In 1811 the rst national bank s charter was to expire The new republicans pushed and had it rechartered because they believed the bank was necessary 3 lnternallmprovements 0 Internal improvements are government funding to create national roads canals and channels 0 The New Republicans believed this was crucial The west encouraged this because they had none but the northeast did not because they had them already 0 The New Republicans had a hard time pushing this through 4 American System Henry Clay 0 Henry Clay linked the Tariff of 1816 the Second National Bank and internal improvements together as necessary and called it the American System 0 He said this would bring power to the country 0 Clay ran for the presidency 3 times and lost all of them 0 Clay oved Hamilton s ideas Political Nationalism 0 After the War of 1812 the Republicans were the only pa y A James Monroe 0 Monroe won the election because there was no opposing party B quotEra of Good Feelingsquot There was unity absence of dissention and general calm Judicial Nationalism A John Marshall 0 He was chiefjustice and a Federalist B McCullough v Maryland 1819 o aThis was to determine whether the Bank of the United States was constitutional or not 0 bThe state of Maryland tried to tax out the bank and ruin it o c McCullough a bank clerk sued Maryland VI 0 d Maryland used the Compact Theory of the Constitution to declare the Bank unconstitutional o e Marshall told Maryland that the compact theory was incorrect because the states did not make the union the people do 0 f Also he said that it is the Supreme Court s job to interpret the Constitution 0 g He used the necessary and proper clause to determine the bank constitutional Diplomatic Nationalism A Florida Transcontinental Treaty This was the nal remaining Spanish holdout America wanted it With the securing of Florida the south was secured and slaves could not run to Florida to escape enslavement Andrew Jackson a general was posted on the Florida Georgia Line He invaded Florida all by himself without Monroe s approval and captures it Monroe sent John Quincy Adams to Spain and Adams scolded Spain that they could not control their own territory and should simply give it to them B Monroe Doctrine a 1823 Monroe stated the Western Hemisphere is closed to new colonization from Europe Economic Collapse and Sectional Con ict 1819 1821 a American Nationalism went down with an economic depression A Panic of 1819 Americans learned about the quot Boom and Bustquot system The Bank of the United States loaned out so much money and the people could not pay back their debts Western growers were hit hard The panic caused splitting sectionalism Some westerners even went as far as to blame Alexander Hamilton who had long been dead B Missouri Controversy and Compromise 1820 This was the rst time the issue of slavery s expansion came up When the Constitution was written the question of would the Constitution regulate slavery came up 1808 America stopped allowing the international slave trade Slavery expanded into the Deep South 1819 there was 11 free states and 11 slave states VII 1819 Missouri applied to join the Union as a slave state This would throw off the political balance A New York congressman proposed an amendment that Missouri can be a slave state however no new slaves could be brought into the state and slave children would be free at 25 This proposal did not pass Can Congress restrict slavery Northern congressman wanted slavery to end because it would increase Southern political power Is there something morally wrong with slavery Henry Clay proposed 1 Missouri could enter the union as a slave state 2 Maine would be admitted as a free state to maintain political balance 3 36 30 N and above was closed to slavery forever Mason Dixon Line Why did slavery hold so much passion C Protective Tariff Southern Opposition 0 With the wake of Missouri opposition of the tariff in the south grew more and more 0 There is still just one party in America Election of 1824 o 4 different republicans ran for of ce A William Crawford He was a southern from Georgia with old Jeffersonian ideas B John Quincy Adams He was John Quincy s son who advocated for the Northeast and Hamilton s ideas C Henry Clay He had western interests but proclaimed to be for everyone D Andrew Jackson He was a war hero but had no political experience or ideology But he had the power of persuasion E quotBargain and Corruptionquot 0 No candidate received the majority House of Representatives decide broken elections 0 Henry Clay pushed John Quincy Adams because he knew he could not win Jackson s supporters believed it was corruption because every President excluding Washington previously Secretary of State
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