Psychology Review 3
Psychology Review 3 PSYC 1101-004
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by ComputerTech on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1101-004 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Albert A. Maisto in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.
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Date Created: 10/27/15
General Psychology PSYC 1101 Professor Maisto Test 3 Review gt Human Development Maturation The biological automatic unfolding of development time Zygote The first cell and fertilization Embryo differentiation and organogenesis Fetus Growth Piaget Developed the Theory of Cognitive Development 0 Sensorimotor Birth through 2 years Begins with reflex Responses are connected to stimulation Peek a boo is still funny they don t understand the concept Out of sight out of mind Object Permeance 0 object permanence After 6 months the infant learns that that the object is still there and peek a boo no longer works Babies start to recognize who is supposed to pick them up During the Sensorimotor Perdiod o Preoperational illogicalness 27 don t use logic The world is only from their view Divorce Kids this age blame themselves 0 Egocentricism Part of the preoperational period Me and my perspective only 0 lllogical Part of the PreOperational Period 22 equals whatever you say 0 Nonconserving Part of the PreOperational Period The conservation tasks 0 Irreversibility 0 Concrete Operations Ages 711 Logic rules over everything 0 Principles vs Rules Rules dominate behavior and thinking Logical thought Black and White Reasoning Logical Morality 0 Either all good or all bad 0 Failure to reconcile circumstance o The emergence of logical reasoning 0 Formal Operations Adolescents Abstract Reasoning Wanting to know why Questioning authority 0 The emergence of abstract and more flexible reasoning gt Erikson s Life Span theory of personality development 0 8 crises that emerge throughout a lifespan 1 Trust v mistrust First years of life Trust faith in the predictability of the environment optimism about the future Trust is reasonable if child grows up in decent situation Mistrust suspicious fearful and overly concerned with security Children of war victims do not have good trust everyone is out to get them 2 Autonomy v shame amp doubt Ages 13 Autonomy gain control over bodily functions and coordination Shame and Doubt hostile rejection of all controls self doubt about ability to control body 3 Initiative v guilt Ages 36 Initiative parental support for trying new things leads tojoy in exercising initiative and taking on new challenges Guilt feelings of guilt unworthiness and resentment may occur if scolded for exercising initiative 4 Industry v inferiority Ages 613 Industry learning the skills of personal care productive work and independent living When you learn who are Inferiority failure to learn these skills lead to feelings of mediocrity inadequacy and lowself sufficiency 0 Role Confusion failure to integrate these roles leads to lack of personal identity and despair When you develop an idea of what others think 5 Identity v role confusion Intimacy v isolation Early adulthood Intimacy In order to love another one must have resolved all earlier crises Isolation failure at intimacy brings a painful sense of loneliness and incompleteness 0 Why young romance fails because it was built upon trying to make each other happy not growing together 6 Generativity v stagnation Middle Adulthood Generativity experience meaning and joy in all major activities of life Stagnation failure to remain productive and creative leads to life becomes a drab routine feel dull and resentful 7 Ego integrity v despair Late adulthood Integrity acceptance of one s life a sense that it is complete and satisfactory little fear of approaching death Despair despair at the loss of former roles and missed opportunities fear approaching death gt Personality Theory 0 Psychodynamic Theories focus on Freud O 09 D gt gt gt gt gt gt gt gt V 0 Personality is the result of unconscious motivations and conflicts 0 Structure of Personality 0 Id 0 The collection of all unconscious urges and desires that continually seek expression 0 Source of all energy functions entirely in unconscious wants pleasure o Ego o The part of the personality that mediates between the demands of reality the id and superego o perates at all 3 levels reality principles 0 Superego o The social ad parental standards the individual has internalized o Strives for perfection which is unrealistic efense Mechanisms By the ego Repression not thinking about what is bothering you Suppression knowingly not thinking about it Denial Projection Rationalization Fantasy Fantasizing about something you want Reaction Formation Regression Moves Back Example Sublimation When you take a goal and replace it with a more attainable goal gt Displacement Physically take it Examples anger stomping when you re mad gt Personality Assessment Objective test MMPI Minnesota knows ten trait scales hypochondriasis depression hysteria psychopathic deviation masculinefeminine paranoia psychasthenia schizophrenia hypomania and social introversion Projective tests Rorschach TAT Adult CAT gt DSMIV classification system for mental illness gt Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder Panic Attacks gt Obsessive thoughts Compulsive behaviors disorder Schizophrenia retreat from reality Catatonic Paranoid and Undifferentiated types gt Paranoia delusions Marked by extreme suspiciousness and accompanying delusions Charles Manson Believed he was the son of God gt Phobias irrational fears gt Mood Disorders Mania Depression Bipolar disorder gt Dissociative disorders amnesia and fugue gt Hypochondriasis overly concerned about health gt Conversion disorders physical symptoms without physical basis gt Models of Mental Illness Ethical responsibility Historical demons Behavioral learning Psychodynamic underlying conflict Id Ego amp Superego Organic biological basis Family Therapy identified patient Models A Cause Treatment 1 Historical Exorcism 2 Organic Biological DRUGSSurgeryETC 3 Psychodynamic Underlying Conflict Con ict Resolution 4 Behavioral 39 Learning Relearning 5 Cognitive Faulty Thinking ReThinking 6 Ethical Irresponsibility Responsibility AA 7 Family Therapy 39 Identified Patient Alter Environment gt Organic Therapies gt gt Electroconvulsive therapy ECT Psychopharmacological therapies including the Phenothiazines and Lithium gt Some Definitions gt gt gt gt Precipitating and predisposing events Delusions False beliefs about reality that have no basis in fact Hallucinations Sensory experiences in the absence of external stimulation Diathesis Stress Model Notion that some people are biologically predisposed to negative cogitations Developing deals with the frontal lobe and when it starts to gain control Sociopath
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