10.27.15 lecture notes
10.27.15 lecture notes Rel 150
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jared Notetaker on Tuesday October 27, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 150 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Giandomencio in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Exploring Christianity in Religious Studies at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 10/27/15
102 72015 Review from last class 3 types of Christians 0 Jewish James 0 Jerusalem group 0 70 AD Romans come in and destroy Jerusalem o Pauline Paul Everywhere else Persecuted because emperor is not God Becomes the church today 300 years of Persecution Then Constantine had an image and sided with the Christians 7080 Christian at the time O 0000 Makes freedom of religion Then 10 years later makes it only Christian religion available quot1 faith 1 god 1 emperorquot City of Nicea n Locks Bishops up n Until they agreed 1 faith 1 god 1 emperor n Called Niceane Creed Constantinople n Constantine moves there as the emperor and makes the pope the emperor of Rome Gnostics O O O O O Everywhere else Had to have special knowledge Dualism Separation of body evil and soul good God ofJesus and Old Testament God are different Old God is minor god and evil god Believed Jesus was a spirit who took over a body for a few years Or there was person switch while Jesus was carrying the cross Docterist After Constantine death 0 Pope runs into trouble because of barbarians attacking Ask for help from emperor in Constantinople and he does not send anything 0 Pope crowns quotHoly Roman Emperorquot What s happening in Jerusalem Crusaders brutal ugly time 0 Pope selling points to ght Muslims 0 They don t worship like Christians 0 That was Jesus s walking ground 0 If you die you go right to heaven as well as your family 0 Knights Templar O 0 000000 0 Founded by 9 knights from France Purpose is to protect who travel to the Holy Land and to free the Holy Land from the Muslims Knights and Priest Poverty Chastity and Obedience First bankers secret cipher in letters Wealthy Loaned money to France and October 13th on a Friday the knights were supposed to be arrested and treasure taken Spain and a couple other countries ignored it No treasure found Kind of like they knew it was coming Free masons Templars today The Great Schism o Byzantine Constantinople Split of Rome and Constantinople Russians really start to buy in O O Kiev becomes Orthodox Sent teams to study Christianity for their information 0 Different between Western and Eastern 0 Western Centered in Rome Farther away from the seat of power once Constantinople became Capital Latin is spoken in the Liturgy Pope has authority over Kings and emperors 0 Eastern Centered in Constantinople Closer to the power Latin is spoken but also more languages Greek roman Emperors are present power but Pope still rules all Normans Vikings Invasion caused problems between east and west Byzatines church s spoke Greek and they didn t like that 0 Eastern said you could marry before priest but West didn t agree 0 Main issue 0 quotFilioquequot to their creed 1054 nal straw causing split 0 Split to the Orthodox church s and the Roman church s Main Beliefs of eastern orthodox church Not considered aplostles Hundred years war quotBabylonian Captivityquot 13091376 Catholic church and the monarchies of Europe were at odds since the 13th centry 0 Fight over land policies and control Phillip the Fair of France pressure Pope Clement V to relocate the papal residence to an area called Aviligion Problems 0 Christians opposed to roots not being in Rome 0 Many felt the Church was too focused on policies and not enough on Spiritual matters 0 Rome became poor over the absence of the pope and the tourist trade The Great Schism 13781417 0 Felt the need to always have Italians as the pope 0 Others want two popes o quotThe great divisionquot Conciliar movement 0 The Schism of the Catholic Church led many Christians to question its authority 0 The end to the Schism 1409 the council of Pisa consisiting of cardinals from Rome and Avignon deposed Then 3 popes Council of Constance was called and all three deposed All arrested and they go back to one pope The Renaissance and Reformation Renaissance rebirth ltalian renaissance rebirth of ancient Greek and Roman worlds Characteristics 0 Secilar Urban society 0 Age of Recovery European trade with Asia increased during the 13005 ltalian merchants organized much of this trade Florence became center of banking Rome Venice Milan Genoa Florence main cities Florence 0 Center of art literature and culture 0 Wealthy from manufacturing wool o Medici ruler of the city Aimed to make Florence the most powerful and beautiful city in the world 0 Best artists and architects go to Florence o Niccolo Machiavelli Writes a book called quotThe Princequot better to be feared than loved ends justify the means All done to keep peace Philosopher and politician o Strict class society 0 Man the center of the universe humanism The impact opposite of medival thought OOOOOO Individual important Man is good with dignity and value Dignity and worth of all people People can enjoy life and still be good Christians Encouraged human achievement Finds the truth within himself
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